Chester, South Carolina
Chester County Courthouse, built in 1852
Chester County Courthouse, built in 1852
Official seal of Chester, South Carolina
Nickname(s): 
The Picture Perfect City; The Little City on the Big Hill
Motto: 
"At The Center Of It All"
Location of Chester, South Carolina
Location of Chester, South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°42′20″N 81°12′42″W / 34.70556°N 81.21167°W / 34.70556; -81.21167
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountyChester
Government
 • TypeCouncil
 • MayorCarlos Williams
Area
 • Total3.31 sq mi (8.56 km2)
 • Land3.31 sq mi (8.56 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation541 ft (165 m)
Population
 • Total5,269
 • Density1,593.77/sq mi (615.42/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
29706
Area code(s)803, 839
FIPS code45-14095[4]
GNIS feature ID1247275[2]
Websitewww.chestersc.org

Chester is a small rural city in Chester County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 5,607 at the 2010 census,[5] down from 6,476 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Chester County.[6]

History

While being transported to Richmond, Virginia, for his trial for treason, former Vice-President Aaron Burr passed through Chester. Burr "flung himself from his horse and cried for a rescue, but the officer commanding the escort seized him, threw him back like a child into the saddle, and marched on."[7] The large stone he stood on has been inscribed and is preserved in the town center, and is known locally as the Aaron Burr Rock.

Chester was home to Brainerd Institute, a school for African American children.[8]

The Catholic Presbyterian Church, Chester City Hall and Opera House, Chester Historic District, Colvin-Fant-Durham Farm Complex, Fishdam Ford, Kumler Hall, Lewis Inn, and McCollum Mound are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[9]

Geography and climate

Chester is located just west of the center of Chester County at 34°42′20″N 81°12′42″W / 34.70556°N 81.21167°W / 34.70556; -81.21167 (34.705553, -81.211638).[10] U.S. Route 321 bypasses the city to the west and the south, leading north 22 miles (35 km) to York and south 25 miles (40 km) to Winnsboro. South Carolina Highway 9 passes through the city center and leads east 11 miles (18 km) to Interstate 77 near Richburg and west 49 miles (79 km) to Spartanburg. Highways 72 and 121 lead northeast 19 miles (31 km) to Rock Hill and southwest 28 miles (45 km) to Whitmire.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2), all of it land.[5]

Young mill workers in Chester, 1908, photographed by Lewis Hine
Climate data for Chester, South Carolina, normals 1981–2010, extremes 1923-present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
83
(28)
88
(31)
96
(36)
102
(39)
105
(41)
106
(41)
106
(41)
105
(41)
100
(38)
90
(32)
80
(27)
106
(41)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 52.1
(11.2)
56.4
(13.6)
64.7
(18.2)
73.6
(23.1)
80.7
(27.1)
87.5
(30.8)
90.5
(32.5)
88.9
(31.6)
82.9
(28.3)
73.4
(23.0)
64.2
(17.9)
54.4
(12.4)
72.4
(22.5)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 29.0
(−1.7)
31.4
(−0.3)
37.9
(3.3)
45.6
(7.6)
55.6
(13.1)
64.9
(18.3)
68.7
(20.4)
67.8
(19.9)
60.6
(15.9)
48.0
(8.9)
38.4
(3.6)
30.8
(−0.7)
48.2
(9.0)
Record low °F (°C) −3
(−19)
−1
(−18)
4
(−16)
21
(−6)
28
(−2)
38
(3)
50
(10)
47
(8)
37
(3)
16
(−9)
9
(−13)
−5
(−21)
−5
(−21)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.13
(105)
3.78
(96)
4.16
(106)
3.38
(86)
2.99
(76)
4.37
(111)
4.01
(102)
4.85
(123)
3.66
(93)
3.35
(85)
3.48
(88)
3.59
(91)
45.75
(1,162)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.1
(2.8)
1.0
(2.5)
0.5
(1.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
2.8
(7.1)
Source: NOAA[11]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18801,899
18902,70342.3%
19004,07550.8%
19104,75416.7%
19205,55716.9%
19305,528−0.5%
19406,39215.6%
19506,8937.8%
19606,9060.2%
19707,0452.0%
19806,820−3.2%
19907,1585.0%
20006,476−9.5%
20105,607−13.4%
20205,269−6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[12][3]

2020 census

Chester racial composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 1,449 27.5%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,448 65.44%
Native American 11 0.21%
Asian 42 0.8%
Pacific Islander 2 0.04%
Other/Mixed 197 3.74%
Hispanic or Latino 120 2.28%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 5,269 people, 2,244 households, and 1,131 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 6,476 people, 2,465 households, and 1,639 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,042.8 inhabitants per square mile (788.7/km2). There were 2,774 housing units at an average density of 875.0 per square mile (337.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.26% African American, 36.37% White, 0.15% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.

There were 2,465 households, out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.4% were married couples living together, 26.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.3% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,518, and the median income for a family was $32,973. Males had a median income of $27,321 versus $20,802 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,386. About 16.4% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

Chester is the center of an urban cluster with a total population of 11,140 (2000 census).

Education

Chester has a public library, a branch of the Chester County Library System.[14]

Police

The Chester Police Department has a staff of three police officers.

The department includes gang, narcotics and road patrol units.[15]

Although a small town, Chester suffers higher crime rates than the national average in all categories.[16]

In the media

Chiefs, a miniseries based on the novel by Stuart Woods, was filmed in Chester over the course of three months in 1983.[17] It was nominated for three prime-time Emmy awards, and featured a star-studded cast including Charlton Heston, Keith Carradine, Paul Sorvino, Billy Dee Williams and Danny Glover.[18]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Chester, South Carolina
  3. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Chester city, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2015.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 9, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ , History of the United States of America during the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson, Library of America, 1986, p. 828.
  8. ^ "Brainerd Institute".
  9. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  11. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 14, 2021.
  14. ^ "South Carolina libraries and archives". SCIWAY. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  15. ^ "Police Department". City of Chester. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  16. ^ "CHESTER, SC CRIME RATES". Neighborhood Scout. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  17. ^ "A Salute to Chiefs", The Rock Hill Herald, July 27, 1983.
  18. ^ "Chiefs" – via www.imdb.com.

CHESTER OWN"S FAIRFIELD