Anson County
Anson County Courthouse and Confederate Monument in Wadesboro
Anson County Courthouse and Confederate Monument in Wadesboro
Flag of Anson County
Official seal of Anson County
Motto: 
"Anson County - A great place to call home"
Map of North Carolina highlighting Anson County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°58′30″N 80°06′35″W / 34.974972°N 80.109763°W / 34.974972; -80.109763
Country United States
State North Carolina
Founded1750
Named forGeorge Anson, Baron Anson
SeatWadesboro
Largest communityWadesboro
Area
 • Total537.10 sq mi (1,391.1 km2)
 • Land531.46 sq mi (1,376.5 km2)
 • Water5.64 sq mi (14.6 km2)  1.05%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total22,055
 • Estimate 
(2022)
22,202
 • Density41.50/sq mi (16.02/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.co.anson.nc.us

Anson County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 census, the population was 22,055.[1] Its county seat is Wadesboro.[2]

History

Anson County was originally occupied by the Catawba Siouan tribe as a vast territory with indefinite northern and western boundaries.

The county was formed in 1750 from Bladen County. It was named for George Anson, Baron Anson, a British admiral who circumnavigated the world.[3] Anson purchased land in the state.[4] The county seat was designated at New Town in 1783. Four years later it was renamed Wadesboro.[5]

Reductions to its extent began in 1753, when the northern part of it became Rowan County. In 1762 the western part of Anson County became Mecklenburg County. In 1779 the northern part of what remained of Anson County became Montgomery County, and the part east of the Pee Dee River became Richmond County. Finally, in 1842 the western part of Anson County was combined with the southeastern part of Mecklenburg County to become Union County.[6]

Geography

Map
Interactive map of Anson County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 537.10 square miles (1,391.1 km2), of which 531.46 square miles (1,376.5 km2) is land and 5.64 square miles (14.6 km2) (1.05%) is water.[7] It is bordered by the North Carolina counties of Stanly, Montgomery, Richmond, and Union, and the South Carolina county of Chesterfield.[8]

National protected area

State and local protected areas/sites

Major water bodies

See also: Category:Rivers of Anson County, North Carolina

Major highways

Major infrastructure

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
17905,133
18008,14658.7%
18108,8318.4%
182012,53441.9%
183014,09512.5%
184015,0777.0%
185013,489−10.5%
186013,6641.3%
187012,428−9.0%
188017,99444.8%
189020,02711.3%
190021,8709.2%
191025,46516.4%
192028,33411.3%
193029,3493.6%
194028,443−3.1%
195026,781−5.8%
196024,962−6.8%
197023,488−5.9%
198025,6499.2%
199023,474−8.5%
200025,2757.7%
201026,9486.6%
202022,055−18.2%
2022 (est.)22,202[1]0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790–1960[13] 1900–1990[14]
1990–2000[15] 2010[16] 2020[1]

2020 census

Anson County racial composition[17]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 10,593 48.03%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 9,838 44.61%
Native American 89 0.4%
Asian 221 1.0%
Pacific Islander 4 0.02%
Other/Mixed 645 2.92%
Hispanic or Latino 665 3.02%

As of the 2020 census, there were 22,055 people,[18] 9,521 households, and 5,809 families residing in the county.

Anson is a majority minority county.[19][20] Between the 2010 and 2020 censuses, Anson's population declined by 18.2 percent.[21]

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 26,948 people. The racial makeup of the county was 48.58% African American, 47.15% White American, 1.07% Asian, 0.61% Native American, 1.25% multiracial and 1.32% of other race. People of Hispanic and Latino origin account for 3.02% of the population.[22]

2000 census

At the 2000 census,[23] there were 25,275 people, 9,204 households, and 6,663 families residing in the county. The population density was 48 people per square mile (19 people/km2). There were 10,221 housing units at an average density of 19 units per square mile (7.3 units/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 51.64% Black or African American, 48.53% White, 0.45% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 0.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,204 households, out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.80% were married couples living together, 19.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.20% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,849, and the median income for a family was $35,870. Males had a median income of $27,297 versus $20,537 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,853. About 15.50% of families and 17.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Anson County is governed by a board of commissioners, which constitutes seven members elected by district.[24]

The board of commissioners appoint a county manager who oversees county administration and implements the policies of the board.[25]

Anson County is a member of the regional Centralina Council of Governments.[26]

United States presidential election results for Anson County, North Carolina[27]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,321 47.53% 5,789 51.72% 84 0.75%
2016 4,506 42.73% 5,859 55.56% 180 1.71%
2012 4,166 37.01% 7,019 62.36% 71 0.63%
2008 4,207 39.20% 6,456 60.15% 70 0.65%
2004 3,796 41.15% 5,413 58.68% 16 0.17%
2000 3,161 39.59% 4,792 60.01% 32 0.40%
1996 2,193 28.81% 4,890 64.23% 530 6.96%
1992 2,334 27.33% 5,269 61.71% 936 10.96%
1988 2,782 36.45% 4,831 63.29% 20 0.26%
1984 3,719 42.45% 5,015 57.25% 26 0.30%
1980 1,968 27.77% 4,973 70.17% 146 2.06%
1976 1,608 25.04% 4,796 74.68% 18 0.28%
1972 3,551 60.88% 2,188 37.51% 94 1.61%
1968 1,474 18.39% 2,969 37.05% 3,571 44.56%
1964 1,721 29.34% 4,144 70.66% 0 0.00%
1960 1,597 27.93% 4,120 72.07% 0 0.00%
1956 1,640 31.31% 3,598 68.69% 0 0.00%
1952 1,843 30.79% 4,143 69.21% 0 0.00%
1948 447 12.05% 2,692 72.54% 572 15.41%
1944 510 12.46% 3,582 87.54% 0 0.00%
1940 371 7.54% 4,552 92.46% 0 0.00%
1936 381 7.60% 4,629 92.40% 0 0.00%
1932 223 4.98% 4,252 94.91% 5 0.11%
1928 726 19.77% 2,947 80.23% 0 0.00%
1924 225 8.58% 2,372 90.47% 25 0.95%
1920 433 12.00% 3,175 88.00% 0 0.00%
1916 301 12.82% 2,046 87.18% 0 0.00%
1912 125 7.23% 1,487 85.95% 118 6.82%

Anson County, like several neighboring rural counties, has historically favored Democratic candidates in most elections. After 2012, Republicans enjoyed more electoral success in the region, though Anson County voted more Democratic than its neighbors.[19] In 2016, the Democratic presidential candidate, Hillary Clinton, won the county by a margin of 13 percent, though in 2020 the Democratic candidate, Joe Biden, won by only four percent.[28][29] The county favored a Republican candidate for federal office in 2022—the first time since 1972.[19]

Education

There are 11 schools in the Anson County Schools system that serve the students of the county.[30]

The county is served by South Piedmont Community College, which has a campus near Polkton.[31][32]

Communities

Pee Dee National Wildlife RefugeAnsonvilleLilesvilleMcFarlanMorvenPeachlandPolktonWadesboro
Clickable map of Anson County

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Ghost town

Population ranking

The population ranking is based on a 2023 estimate of Anson County.[33]

= county seat

Rank Name Type Population
(2023 estimate)
1 Wadesboro Town 4,817
2 Polkton Town 2,195
3 Ansonville Town 432
4 Morven Town 345
5 Lilesville Town 389
6 Peachland Town 371
7 McFarlan Town 105

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "QuickFacts: Anson County, North Carolina". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Corbitt 2000, p. 8.
  4. ^ Gannett (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names (PDF). Washington DC: United States Geological Survey. p. 26. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 15, 2015.
  5. ^ Anson County Vision 2040 2021, p. 5.
  6. ^ Medley, Mary Louise (1976). Anson County Historical Association (ed.). History of Anson County, North Carolina, 1750-1976. Heritage Printer, Inc., Charlotte, North Carolina. ISBN 9780806347554. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  7. ^ "2020 County Gazetteer Files – North Carolina". United States Census Bureau. August 23, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2023.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Anson County Vision 2040 2021, p. 7.
  9. ^ "Arrowhead Lake NC Fishing Reports, Map & Hot Spots". www.fishidy.com. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  10. ^ a b "Gaddy Covered Bridge | Natural Atlas". naturalatlas.com. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  11. ^ "NCWRC Game Lands". www.ncpaws.org. Retrieved March 30, 2023.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  16. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2013.
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
  18. ^ Barron, Hannah (October 11, 2021). "Commissioners to challenge 2020 Census population data". The Anson Record. Retrieved November 3, 2023.
  19. ^ a b c Worf, Lisa; Harrison, Steve (December 20, 2022). "Anson County's flip to red highlights a shift in rural NC counties". WFAE 90.7. WFAE. Retrieved October 29, 2023.
  20. ^ McCorkle & Salzberg 2022, pp. 9–11.
  21. ^ Retana, Judith (May 25, 2023). "Census data shows fastest growing, shrinking counties in NC". CBS 17. Nexstar Media Group. Retrieved November 3, 2023.
  22. ^ "2010 Census Population of Anson County, NC". Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  23. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  24. ^ Monica, Lauren (September 22, 2023). "At-large district voting spurs Anson commissioner meeting into a frenzy". Richmond County Daily Journal. Retrieved November 3, 2023.
  25. ^ "County Manager". Anson County Government. Retrieved October 29, 2023.
  26. ^ "Centralina Council of Governments". Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved August 10, 2019.
  27. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
  28. ^ "These key counties are telling the story of America's shifting political landscape". NBC News. October 28, 2021. Retrieved November 3, 2023.
  29. ^ McCorkle & Salzberg 2022, pp. 9–10.
  30. ^ "Search for Public School Districts – District Detail for Anson County Schools". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
  31. ^ "History of the College". South Piedmont Community College. Retrieved November 5, 2023.
  32. ^ McClellan, Hannah (December 7, 2022). "South Piedmont Community College manufacturing apprenticeship makes big impact for its students, company". EducationNC. Retrieved November 5, 2023.
  33. ^ "Anson County NC - Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods, & Subdivisions". northcarolina.hometownlocator.com. Retrieved April 30, 2022.
  34. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.

Works cited