Edgecombe County
Edgecombe County Courthouse
Edgecombe County Courthouse
Official seal of Edgecombe County
Official logo of Edgecombe County
Map of North Carolina highlighting Edgecombe County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°55′01″N 77°36′10″W / 35.917077°N 77.602742°W / 35.917077; -77.602742
Country United States
State North Carolina
Founded1741
Named forRichard Edgcumbe
SeatTarboro
Largest communityRocky Mount
Area
 • Total506.87 sq mi (1,312.8 km2)
 • Land505.44 sq mi (1,309.1 km2)
 • Water1.43 sq mi (3.7 km2)  0.28%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total48,900
 • Estimate 
(2022)
48,301
 • Density96.75/sq mi (37.36/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.edgecombecountync.gov

Edgecombe County (/ˈɛkəm/ EJ-kum or /ˈɛkm/ EJ-kohm)[1][2] is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 census, the population was 48,900.[3] Its county seat is Tarboro.[4]

Edgecombe County is part of the Rocky Mount, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

This area was historically home to the Tuscarora, a Native American tribe who were Iroquoian language speakers. Other Iroquoian peoples had historically been concentrated further north around the Great Lakes. The Tuscarora were the most numerous Indigenous people in the Rocky Mount area. They lived along the Roanoke, Neuse, Tar (Torhunta or Narhontes), and Pamlico rivers.[5]

After the 18th-century wars of 1711–1713 (known as the Tuscarora War) against English colonists and their Indigenous allies, most of the surviving Tuscarora left North Carolina and migrated north to Pennsylvania and New York, over a period of 90 years.[6][7][8][9] By 1722 the leaders declared the migration complete and the official tribe based in the North. Descendants of the Tuscarora still live in some parts of Edgecombe County.

The current county was formed by Anglo Europeans in 1741 from Bertie County. It was named for Richard Edgcumbe,[10] a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1701 to 1742 and a lord of the treasury. He became 1st Baron Richard Edgecombe in 1742.

In 1746 part of Edgecombe County became Granville County; in 1758 another portion became Halifax County; and in 1777 yet another part became Nash County. In 1855 the formation of Wilson County from parts of Edgecombe County, Johnston County, Nash County, and Wayne County reduced Edgecombe to its present size, with a minor boundary adjustments.

Geography

Map
Interactive map of Edgecombe County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 506.87 square miles (1,312.8 km2), of which 505.44 square miles (1,309.1 km2) is land and 1.43 square miles (3.7 km2) (0.28%) is water.[11]

State and local protected areas

Major water bodies

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Major Infrastructure

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
179010,265
180010,4211.5%
181012,42319.2%
182013,2766.9%
183014,93512.5%
184015,7085.2%
185017,1899.4%
186017,3761.1%
187022,97032.2%
188026,18114.0%
189024,113−7.9%
190026,59110.3%
191032,01020.4%
192037,99518.7%
193047,89426.1%
194049,1622.6%
195051,6345.0%
196054,2265.0%
197052,341−3.5%
198055,9887.0%
199056,5581.0%
200055,606−1.7%
201056,5521.7%
202048,900−13.5%
2022 (est.)48,301[3]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790–1960[15] 1900–1990[16]
1990–2000[17] 2010[18] 2020[3]

2020 census

Edgecombe County racial composition[19]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 17,340 35.46%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 27,299 55.83%
Native American 128 0.26%
Asian 112 0.23%
Pacific Islander 9 0.02%
Other/Mixed 1,306 2.67%
Hispanic or Latino 2,706 5.53%

As of the 2020 census, there were 48,900 people, 21,151 households, and 14,408 families residing in the county.

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 56,552 people living in the county. 57.4% were Black or African American, 38.8% White, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 2.3% of some other race and 1.0% of two or more races. 3.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census

At the 2000 census,[20] there were 55,606 people, 20,392 households, and 14,804 families living in the county. The population density was 110 people per square mile (42 people/km2). There were 24,002 housing units at an average density of 48 units per square mile (19 units/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 57.46% Black or African American, 40.06% White, 0.20% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 2.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,392 households, out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.20% were married couples living together, 21.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.10% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,983, and the median income for a family was $35,902. Males had a median income of $27,300 versus $21,649 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,435. About 16.00% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.50% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Edgecombe County is a member of the regional Upper Coastal Plain Council of Governments.

The North Carolina Department of Corrections previously operated the Fountain Correctional Center for Women in an unincorporated area in the county, near Rocky Mount.[21] It closed in December 2014.[22]

United States presidential election results for Edgecombe County, North Carolina[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 9,206 36.13% 16,089 63.15% 182 0.71%
2016 8,261 33.20% 16,224 65.19% 401 1.61%
2012 8,546 31.68% 18,310 67.89% 116 0.43%
2008 8,445 32.57% 17,403 67.12% 82 0.32%
2004 8,163 38.73% 12,877 61.09% 39 0.19%
2000 6,836 37.56% 11,315 62.16% 51 0.28%
1996 6,010 34.78% 10,568 61.16% 700 4.05%
1992 6,275 31.92% 11,174 56.84% 2,208 11.23%
1988 6,831 42.92% 9,044 56.82% 41 0.26%
1984 9,635 47.66% 10,545 52.16% 36 0.18%
1980 5,916 42.09% 7,945 56.52% 195 1.39%
1976 4,850 37.40% 8,001 61.70% 117 0.90%
1972 8,244 62.53% 4,635 35.16% 305 2.31%
1968 3,198 22.36% 5,243 36.66% 5,861 40.98%
1964 3,932 33.42% 7,834 66.58% 0 0.00%
1960 2,279 22.07% 8,046 77.93% 0 0.00%
1956 1,840 19.03% 7,830 80.97% 0 0.00%
1952 1,927 18.47% 8,504 81.53% 0 0.00%
1948 478 6.69% 6,410 89.75% 254 3.56%
1944 448 6.21% 6,762 93.79% 0 0.00%
1940 316 4.03% 7,516 95.97% 0 0.00%
1936 266 3.83% 6,684 96.17% 0 0.00%
1932 248 4.04% 5,872 95.62% 21 0.34%
1928 977 18.93% 4,184 81.07% 0 0.00%
1924 171 6.70% 2,274 89.04% 109 4.27%
1920 24 0.71% 3,343 99.29% 0 0.00%
1916 135 6.17% 2,028 92.69% 25 1.14%
1912 102 4.91% 1,851 89.03% 126 6.06%

Education

Edgecombe County Public Schools has 14 schools ranging from pre-kindergarten to thirteenth grade. These are separated into four high schools, four middle schools, five elementary schools, and one K–8 school.[24] It was formed in 1993 from the merger of the old Edgecombe County Schools and Tarboro City Schools systems.[25]

The county is home to Edgecombe Community College with campuses in Tarboro and Rocky Mount.[26]

Communities

Map of Edgecombe County with municipal and township labels

City

Towns

Townships

The county is divided into fourteen townships, which are both numbered and named:

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "NC Pronunciation Guide". WRAL. Retrieved August 16, 2023.
  2. ^ Talk Like a Tarheel Archived 2013-06-22 at the Wayback Machine, from the North Carolina Collection website at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2023-08-16.
  3. ^ a b c "QuickFacts: Edgecombe County, North Carolina". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ F.W. Hodge, "Tuscarora", Handbook of American Indians, Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906, at AccessGenealogy, accessed 28 Oct 2009
  6. ^ American Anthropologist, American Anthropological Association, Anthropological Society of Washington (Washington, D.C.), American Ethnological Society.
  7. ^ Davi Cusick, Ancient History of the Six Nations, 1828
  8. ^ Recounted in Tuscarora oral tradition
  9. ^ Merrell, James. "Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture". The William and Mary Quarterly. 69: 451–512. doi:10.5309/willmaryquar.69.3.0451. JSTOR 10.5309/willmaryquar.69.3.0451.
  10. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 114.
  11. ^ "2020 County Gazetteer Files - North Carolina". United States Census Bureau. August 23, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2023.
  12. ^ "NCWRC Game Lands". www.ncpaws.org. Retrieved March 30, 2023.
  13. ^ "NCWRC Game Lands". www.ncpaws.org. Retrieved March 30, 2023.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  18. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
  19. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 24, 2021.
  20. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  21. ^ "Fountain Correctional Center for Women." North Carolina Department of Public Safety. December 20, 2014. Retrieved on December 18, 2015. "Street Address 300 Fountain School Road Rocky Mount, N.C. 27804"
  22. ^ "Closed prisons" (Archive). North Carolina Department of Public Safety. Retrieved on December 18, 2015.
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  24. ^ "Edgecombe County Public Schools". North Carolina's School Report Cards. North Carolina Department of Public Instruction.
  25. ^ Bender, Jaime (July 5, 2003). "Edgecombe schools marks 10 years". The Rocky Mount Telegram.
  26. ^ "About ECC". Edgecombe Community College. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
  27. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.