Ashe County
Ashe County Courthouse in Jefferson
Flag of Ashe County
Official seal of Ashe County
Map of North Carolina highlighting Ashe County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°26′36″N 81°29′58″W / 36.443469°N 81.499334°W / 36.443469; -81.499334
Country United States
State North Carolina
Founded1799
Named forSamuel Ashe
SeatJefferson
Largest communityJefferson
Area
 • Total429.37 sq mi (1,112.1 km2)
 • Land426.26 sq mi (1,104.0 km2)
 • Water3.11 sq mi (8.1 km2)  0.72%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total26,577
 • Estimate 
(2022)
27,110
 • Density62.35/sq mi (24.07/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district5th
Websitewww.ashecountygov.com

Ashe County (/ˈæʃ/ ASH) is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 census, the population was 26,577.[1] Its county seat is Jefferson.[2]

History

Grassy Creek Methodist Church

Historical evidence shows that Ashe County was inhabited by Native Americans, which included the Cherokee, Creek, and Shawnee tribes. Pieces of broken pottery, arrowheads, and other Native American artifacts have been found, indicating their presence. Most of these artifacts have been found in the Old Fields area of Ashe County.[3]

The earliest Europeans to explore Ashe County were Bishop August Gottlieb Spangenberg – head of the Moravian Church in America – and his associates, Timothy Horsefield, Joseph Mueller, Henry Antes, Johan Merck, and Herman Loesch. Bishop Spangenberg wrote about his journey in Ashe in a diary that has been preserved by the Moravian church. He was given 100,000 acres (400 km2) in Virginia as a place for his fellow Moravians to settle. The only one of Spangenberg's group to return and permanently settle in Ashe County was Herman Loesch. Other early settlers were David Helton, William Walling, William McLain and Daniel Boone, the famous pioneer. With the exception of Boone, these men and their families all settled in Ashe in 1771.[4]

During the Revolutionary War one skirmish was fought in Ashe County, the Battle of Big Glades. The battle was fought in July 1780 between a force of Americans, led by Captain Robert Love, and a force of 150 British Loyalists on their way to Charlotte to join Lord Cornwallis, the British commander in the Southern colonies. The Americans won the skirmish.[5]

In the 1780s, Ashe County was a part of the self-declared "State of Franklin", within the boundaries of its Washington County. The "State of Franklin" marked the beginnings of the State of Tennessee. The North Carolina legislature created Ashe County in late 1799 with an area of 977 square miles (2,530 km2). Many family surnames noted in the 1800 Ashe County Census, Blevins, Hart, Bare, Barker, Stamper, Miller, Burkett, Gambill, Baldwin, and Ballou as a sample, are still present today. Ashe County was named in honor of Samuel Ashe, a Revolutionary patriot, a superior court judge, and the Governor of North Carolina from 1795 to 1798.

From 1807 to 1913, the county went through numerous boundary changes. In 1849, to form Watauga County, the southwestern part of Ashe County was combined with parts of Caldwell County, Wilkes County, and Yancey County.[6] Ten years later in 1859, the eastern part of the remainder of Ashe County became Alleghany County.[7]

Geography

Map
Interactive map of Ashe County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 429.37 square miles (1,112.1 km2), of which 426.26 square miles (1,104.0 km2) is land and 3.11 square miles (8.1 km2) (0.72%) is water.[8]

Ashe County is located in extreme northwestern North Carolina. The county is bordered by two states: Virginia on the north; and Tennessee to the west. The county is located entirely within the Appalachian Mountains region of North Carolina. Most of the county is located atop a rolling plateau that ranges from 2,500 to 3,000 feet (760 to 910 m) above sea level. On the county's southeastern border the land drops sharply to about 1,500 feet (460 m) in neighboring Wilkes County, North Carolina. Numerous mountains and hills dot the plateau. In total, five mountains in the county rise to over 5,000 feet (1,500 m). A prominent landmark is Mount Jefferson, which is a State Natural Area and rises to 4,665 feet (1,422 m), and towers more than 1,600 feet (490 m) above the towns of Jefferson and West Jefferson.

The county's main river is the New River, one of the oldest rivers in the world, and one of the few major rivers in the southeastern United States to flow primarily north instead of south, east, or west. 34 creeks and streams flow into the New River in Ashe County. In 1998, the river was designated an "American Heritage River" by President Bill Clinton, and it is famed for its beautiful rural scenery, clear water, fly fishing, and kayaking and canoeing.

Isolated by mountainous terrain from the remainder of North Carolina to the east, Ashe County was described in the 19th and early 20th centuries as one of the Lost Provinces of North Carolina.[9]

Ashe County generally is known for its mountain scenery, and the tourism industry is an important mainstay of the county's economy. The Blue Ridge Parkway runs along the county's southeastern border. Ashe County has historically consisted of rural farmland, with numerous cattle and poultry farms. However, cattle farming in recent decades has given way to the industry of raising Christmas trees. Many cattle farmers have switched to growing Christmas trees. In 1997, 2007, 2008, 2012, 2021, and 2023, an Ashe County Christmas tree was selected as the official White House Christmas Tree by the National Christmas Tree Association.[10] The tree is put on display in the Blue Room (White House). As of 2014, Ashe County grows more Christmas trees than any other county in the Eastern United States.

Climate

Ashe County has a considerably different climate than most of the Southeastern United States. Summers typically average around 80 °F (27 °C). Temperatures rarely exceed 90 °F (32 °C), but on rare occasions can reach the mid-90s as they did in 2012—the most recent that 90 °F (32 °C)+ was observed. 100 °F (38 °C)+ has never been observed. Summer nights are cool, and temperatures often dip to near 60 °F (16 °C) even in July. In winter there is snow, averaging about 30 inches (760 mm) for the towns of Jefferson and West Jefferson during the past thirty years. Considerably more snow falls on the peaks and the western slopes of the Appalachian Mountains. During the 2009–2010 snow season, Jefferson received some 60 inches (1,500 mm) of snow. Snow has been observed as early as around October 1 and as late as around May 1. Ashe County is also a very windy location, especially in winter, when several times each year the Jefferson Airport sees the wind gusting 60 to 85 miles per hour (97 to 137 km/h). Combined with the winds typical for the region, Ashe County can also see extremely cold temperatures during winter. In January 2014, the low temperature dipped below 0 °F (−18 °C) several times, the coldest being −8 °F (−22 °C) on January 30–31.[11] Single digit temperatures, often just above zero Fahrenheit, are observed most winter seasons on occasion. The average winter high is in the 40 °F (4 °C)s with an average low near 20 °F (−7 °C). Despite its southern latitude, these factors can make Ashe County experience winter conditions typically seen in the Northeastern United States.

The USDA Hardiness zones range from Zone 5B (−20 to −15 °F (−29 to −26 °C)) in the western portions of Ashe County, to Zone 6B (−5 to 0 °F (−21 to −18 °C)) in the central and eastern portions of the county.

National protected areas

State and local protected areas

Major water bodies

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Major infrastructure

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18002,783
18103,69432.7%
18204,33517.4%
18306,98761.2%
18407,4676.9%
18508,77717.5%
18607,956−9.4%
18709,57320.3%
188014,43750.8%
189015,6288.2%
190019,58125.3%
191019,074−2.6%
192021,00110.1%
193021,0190.1%
194022,6647.8%
195021,878−3.5%
196019,768−9.6%
197019,571−1.0%
198022,32514.1%
199022,209−0.5%
200024,3849.8%
201027,28111.9%
202026,577−2.6%
2022 (est.)27,110[13]2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790–1960[15] 1900–1990[16]
1990–2000[17] 2010[18] 2020[1]

2020 census

Ashe County racial composition[19]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 24,028 90.41%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 125 0.47%
Native American 48 0.18%
Asian 102 0.38%
Pacific Islander 12 0.05%
Other/Mixed 743 2.8%
Hispanic or Latino 1,519 5.72%

As of the 2020 census, there were 26,577 people, 11,938 households, and 7,894 families residing in the county.

As of the 2020 census, Ashe County has the most proportionately white population among any county in the state.[20]

2010 census

At the 2010 census,[21] there were 27,281 people, 11,755 households, and 8,030 families residing in the county. The population density was 60 people per square mile (23 people/km2). There were 17,342 total housing units at an average density of 37 units per square mile (14 units/km2). Of the total 11,755 housing units were occupied.

The racial makeup of the county was:

4.8% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,755 households, out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.75.

In the county, the age distribution of the population shows 10.5% under 10, 10.9% from 10 to 19, 9.9% from 20 to 29, 11.6% from 30 to 39, 13.8% from 40 to 49, 15.2% from 50 to 59, 14% from 60 to 69, 8.7% from 70 to 79, and 5.1% who were 80 years of age or older. The median age was 45.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.39 males.

The per capita income was $20,706 and the median household income was $34,056. 18.1% of the population was below the poverty level.

2000 census

At the 2000 census,[21] there were 24,384 people, 10,411 households, and 7,423 families residing in the county. The population density was 57 people per square mile (22 people/km2). There were 13,268 housing units at an average density of 31 units per square mile (12 units/km2).

The racial makeup of the county was:

2.42% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,411 households, out of which 26.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.75.

In the county, the age distribution of the population shows 19.80% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 27.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,824, and the median income for a family was $36,052. Males had a median income of $25,666 versus $19,983 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,429. About 10.10% of families and 13.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.30% of those under age 18 and 17.30% of those ages 65 and over.

Government and politics

Owing to its rural character Ashe County is a strongly Republican county, if not historically comparable to geographically similar Avery or Mitchell. The last Democratic presidential nominee to carry Ashe County was Jimmy Carter in 1976, and the last to reach forty percent of the county's vote was Bill Clinton in 1992. Recent elections have seen Ashe, like almost all Appalachia counties, trend rapidly towards the Republican Party. Hillary Clinton won just 26 percent of the county's ballots in 2016.

United States presidential election results for Ashe County, North Carolina[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 11,451 72.41% 4,164 26.33% 199 1.26%
2016 9,412 70.11% 3,500 26.07% 512 3.81%
2012 8,242 65.36% 4,116 32.64% 252 2.00%
2008 7,916 60.57% 4,872 37.28% 281 2.15%
2004 7,292 61.68% 4,477 37.87% 54 0.46%
2000 6,226 60.35% 4,011 38.88% 79 0.77%
1996 5,203 52.33% 3,825 38.47% 914 9.19%
1992 5,200 46.97% 4,624 41.77% 1,246 11.26%
1988 6,019 59.69% 4,034 40.01% 30 0.30%
1984 6,611 62.10% 4,009 37.66% 25 0.23%
1980 5,643 54.72% 4,461 43.26% 208 2.02%
1976 4,937 48.62% 5,193 51.14% 25 0.25%
1972 5,784 62.95% 3,313 36.06% 91 0.99%
1968 4,894 53.15% 3,426 37.21% 888 9.64%
1964 4,191 45.77% 4,965 54.23% 0 0.00%
1960 4,823 51.86% 4,477 48.14% 0 0.00%
1956 4,588 53.54% 3,982 46.46% 0 0.00%
1952 4,563 50.15% 4,536 49.85% 0 0.00%
1948 4,266 46.74% 4,633 50.76% 228 2.50%
1944 4,524 50.91% 4,363 49.09% 0 0.00%
1940 4,175 46.96% 4,716 53.04% 0 0.00%
1936 4,557 45.08% 5,552 54.92% 0 0.00%
1932 3,871 44.70% 4,751 54.86% 38 0.44%
1928 4,337 55.64% 3,458 44.36% 0 0.00%
1924 3,952 47.68% 4,333 52.28% 3 0.04%
1920 3,808 52.60% 3,431 47.40% 0 0.00%
1916 1,939 50.53% 1,898 49.47% 0 0.00%
1912 478 14.21% 1,643 48.86% 1,242 36.93%

Like most counties in North Carolina, Ashe County is governed by a five-member Board of County Commissioners.[23] In the North Carolina Senate, Ashe County lies in the 47th Senate district and is represented by Republican Deanna Ballard.[24] In the North Carolina House of Representatives, Ashe County lies in the 93rd district and is represented by Republican Ray Pickett.

Ashe County is a member of the regional High Country Council of Governments.

Media

The Ashe Post and Times[25] is the newspaper of record for Ashe County, serving readers with the latest news and events throughout the county. It is a weekly, paid circulation newspaper that is published every Wednesday with breaking news posted immediately on ashepostandtimes.com.[25] The newspaper is owned by Adams Publishing Group, which also owns the Watauga Democrat.

Communities

Map of Ashe County with municipal and township labels

Towns

Townships

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking is based on a 2023 estimate of Ashe County.[26]

= county seat

Rank Name Type Population
(2023 estimate)
1 Jefferson Town 1,596
2 West Jefferson Town 1,229
3 Lansing Town 154

Notable people

Notable visits to Ashe County

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "QuickFacts: Ashe County, North Carolina". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Ashe County, North Carolina". genealogytrails.com. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  4. ^ "History". www.ashecountygov.com. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
  5. ^ "The American Revolution in North Carolina - Big Glades". www.carolana.com. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
  6. ^ "Watauga County". www.ncpedia.org. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
  7. ^ Crawford, Martin (2001). Ashe County's Civil War. Charlottesville, Virginia: University Press of Virginia. p. 5. ISBN 0813920345.
  8. ^ "2020 County Gazetteer Files – North Carolina". United States Census Bureau. August 23, 2022. Retrieved September 9, 2023.
  9. ^ Tabler, Dave (August 30, 2016). "The Lost Provinces". Appalachian History. Archived from the original on February 5, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  10. ^ "NC Christmas Trees – Christmas Tree in the White House". North Carolina Christmas Tree Association. Archived from the original on October 25, 2011. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
  11. ^ "Weather history Jefferson - January 2014". www.usclimatedata.com. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
  12. ^ a b "NCWRC Game Lands". www.ncpaws.org. Retrieved March 30, 2023.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Ashe County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  18. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2013.
  19. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  20. ^ Melrose, Justyn (June 28, 2023). "What is the racial breakdown of North Carolina's 100 counties?". Fox 8. Nexstar Media Group, Inc. Retrieved October 24, 2023.
  21. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  22. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
  23. ^ Ashe County Government
  24. ^ "DRA 2020". Daves Redistricting. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  25. ^ a b Times, Ashe Post &. "ashepostandtimes.com | Ashe County's Newspaper". Ashe Post & Times. Retrieved August 30, 2022.
  26. ^ "Ashe County NC - Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods, & Subdivisions". northcarolina.hometownlocator.com. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  27. ^ Barry McCloud (ed.), Definitive Country: The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Country Music and its Performers (New York: Berkley Publishing Group, 1995), p. 340.
  28. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 2, 2007. Retrieved October 11, 2007.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. ^ "Glendale Springs NC Bed and Breakfast | Glendale Springs Inn". www.glendalespringsinn.com. September 23, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2022.