Greene County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°29′N 77°41′W / 35.49°N 77.68°W / 35.49; -77.68
Country United States
State North Carolina
Founded1791
Named forNathanael Greene
SeatSnow Hill
Largest townSnow Hill
Area
 • Total266 sq mi (690 km2)
 • Land266 sq mi (690 km2)
 • Water0.5 sq mi (1 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
21,012
 • Density80/sq mi (30/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.co.greene.nc.us

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 21,362.[1] Its county seat is Snow Hill.[2]

History

Greene County, being a part of land grant by King Charles II of England in 1663, was first settled around 1710 by immigrants from Maryland, Virginia, and parts of North Carolina. The original inhabitants of the area, the Tuscarora Indians, fought with these immigrants and on March 20–23, 1713, a fighting force of South Carolinians and Yamasee Indians, under Colonel Murice Moore, defeated the Tuscarora, under the leadership of Chief Hancock. This was the final major battle of the Tuscarora War at Fort Neoheroka near current day Snow Hill.

In 1758, the area now recognized as Greene and Lenoir Counties was separated from Johnston and named Dobbs for the Royal Governor. The county was formed in 1791 from the northern part of Dobbs County. It was originally named Glasgow County, for James Glasgow, North Carolina Secretary of State from 1777 to 1798. In 1799, Glasgow's involvement in military land grant frauds forced him to resign and leave the state. Glasgow County was then renamed Greene County in honor of Nathanael Greene, one of General Washington's right-hand men.

The county seat, Snow Hill, is the largest town and major commercial center in the county. The town draws its name from the historic white sandy banks of nearby Contentnea Creek.[3]

Former Greene County

See also: List of former United States counties

Present-day Greene County is the second county of that name in North Carolina. The first (also named for Nathanael Greene) is now Greene County, Tennessee. It was established in 1783, in what was then the western part of the state. That area was ceded to the federal government and became part of the Southwest Territory (1790–1796) and the State of Tennessee (after 1796).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 266 square miles (690 km2), of which 266 square miles (690 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18004,218
18104,86715.4%
18204,533−6.9%
18306,41341.5%
18406,5952.8%
18506,6190.4%
18607,92519.7%
18708,6879.6%
188010,03715.5%
189010,0390.0%
190012,03819.9%
191013,0838.7%
192016,21223.9%
193018,65615.1%
194018,548−0.6%
195018,024−2.8%
196016,741−7.1%
197014,967−10.6%
198016,1177.7%
199015,384−4.5%
200018,97423.3%
201021,36212.6%
2018 (est.)21,012[5]−1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2020 census

Greene County racial composition[10]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 9,644 47.16%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 7,206 35.24%
Native American 95 0.46%
Asian 37 0.18%
Other/Mixed 533 2.61%
Hispanic or Latino 2,936 14.36%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 20,451 people, 7,164 households, and 4,750 families residing in the county.

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 18,975 people, 6,696 households, and 4,955 families residing in the county. The population density was 72 people per square mile (28/km2). There were 7,368 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 51.83% White, 41.21% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 5.75% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 7.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,696 households, out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% were married couples living together, 17.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.00% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 30.90% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 105.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,074, and the median income for a family was $36,419. Males had a median income of $27,048 versus $21,351 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,452. About 16.00% of families and 20.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.30% of those under age 18 and 20.50% of those age 65 or over.


Communities

Map of Greene County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Greene County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated community

Townships

Politics

Prior to the 1965 Voting Rights Act, Greene County was an overwhelmingly Democratic “Solid South” bastion. Between 1932 and 1956, every Democratic nominee reached 93.5 percent of the county's vote, and up to 1960 Herbert Hoover in the religiously polarized 1928 election had been the only post-disfranchisement Republican to pass 22 percent of the county's vote. Unlike the Black Belts of the Deep South, Greene County completely resisted the Dixiecrat movement of 1948 to be only 0.07 percent shy of Texas’ Duval County as Harry Truman’s strongest in the country,[12] and in 1952 it was indeed Adlai Stevenson II’s strongest county in his landslide loss to Dwight D. Eisenhower,[13] besides being his strongest behind Georgia’s Baker County in 1956.[14] However, oppostion to the voting and civil rights legislation of the Lyndon Johnson administration turned the county over to George Wallace in the 1968 presidential election, and Richard Nixon became the first Republican winner since Benjamin Harrison in 1888[15] with 75 percent of the vote in 1972. Since then, Greene County has gradually become Republican-leaning: the last Democratic Presidential candidate to carry the county was Bill Clinton in 1992, although no Democrat except McGovern and Humphrey has fallen under 40 percent.

United States presidential election results for Greene County, North Carolina[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,874 55.68% 3,832 43.78% 47 0.54%
2016 4,374 54.03% 3,605 44.53% 116 1.43%
2012 4,411 53.56% 3,778 45.87% 47 0.57%
2008 4,272 52.72% 3,796 46.85% 35 0.43%
2004 3,800 58.71% 2,665 41.18% 7 0.11%
2000 3,353 57.12% 2,478 42.21% 39 0.66%
1996 2,689 51.73% 2,224 42.79% 285 5.48%
1992 2,180 38.03% 2,768 48.29% 784 13.68%
1988 2,498 47.69% 2,729 52.10% 11 0.21%
1984 3,195 53.47% 2,772 46.39% 8 0.13%
1980 2,221 43.44% 2,835 55.45% 57 1.11%
1976 1,356 32.88% 2,740 66.44% 28 0.68%
1972 2,788 75.68% 847 22.99% 49 1.33%
1968 650 12.71% 1,560 30.49% 2,906 56.80%
1964 901 24.94% 2,712 75.06% 0 0.00%
1960 451 12.73% 3,092 87.27% 0 0.00%
1956 222 6.33% 3,285 93.67% 0 0.00%
1952 186 5.88% 2,976 94.12% 0 0.00%
1948 65 2.33% 2,687 96.45% 34 1.22%
1944 113 4.28% 2,528 95.72% 0 0.00%
1940 104 3.36% 2,990 96.64% 0 0.00%
1936 116 3.61% 3,097 96.39% 0 0.00%
1932 94 3.61% 2,510 96.28% 3 0.12%
1928 542 31.46% 1,181 68.54% 0 0.00%
1924 182 13.91% 1,119 85.55% 7 0.54%
1920 439 21.02% 1,649 78.98% 0 0.00%
1916 294 21.62% 1,066 78.38% 0 0.00%
1912 124 10.60% 894 76.41% 152 12.99%


Despite having voted Republican in six consecutive presidential elections, Greene County is represented by Democratic Senator Don Davis in the North Carolina Senate.

Law and government

Greene County is a member of the regional Eastern Carolina Council of Governments.

Education

Schools is Greene County are administered by the Greene County Public School system. The five schools include Greene Central High School, Greene Early College High School, Greene County Middle School, Snow Hill Primary School and West Greene Elementary School.[17] Higher education is provided through nearby East Carolina University or community colleges located in Goldsboro, Greenville and Kinston. One private school, Mt. Calvary Christian Academy, is also located in the county.

Transportation

Major highways

The major highways that run through the county are US 264 and US 13. Other highways include US 258, NC 903, NC58, NC 102 and NC 91. The closest interstate is I-795, located west of the county in Goldsboro.

Airport

The closest airport to Greene County is Pitt-Greenville Airport (IATA: PGV, ICAO: KPGV, FAA LID: PGV) with service to Charlotte Douglas International Airport, although most residents use Raleigh-Durham International Airport for domestic and international travel.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Greene County – History Archived 2008-04-01 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 24, 2021.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 1948 Presidential Election Statistics
  13. ^ Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 1952 Presidential Election Statistics
  14. ^ Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 1956 Presidential Election Statistics
  15. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 265-270 ISBN 0786422173
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  17. ^ Greene County Schools Archived 2012-05-27 at the Wayback Machine

Coordinates: 35°29′N 77°41′W / 35.49°N 77.68°W / 35.49; -77.68