Stokes County
County of Stokes
Stokes County Courthouse, Danbury
Stokes County Courthouse, Danbury
Flag of Stokes County
Official seal of Stokes County
Motto(s): 
“Your Mountains are Closer Than You Think”
Map of North Carolina highlighting Stokes County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°25′N 80°14′W / 36.41°N 80.23°W / 36.41; -80.23
Country United States
State North Carolina
Founded1789
Named forJohn Stokes
SeatDanbury
Largest townKing
Area
 • Total456 sq mi (1,180 km2)
 • Land449 sq mi (1,160 km2)
 • Water6.8 sq mi (18 km2)  1.5%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2021)
44,553
 • Density992/sq mi (383/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district5th
Websitewww.co.stokes.nc.us

Stokes County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 census, the population was 44,520.[1] Its county seat is Danbury.[2]

Stokes County is included in the Winston-Salem, N.C., Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, N.C., Combined Statistical Area.

History

Ruins of the Rock House, c. 1770, built by Capt. Jack Martin, Revolutionary War soldier and pioneer. National Register of Historic Places
Ruins of the Rock House, c. 1770, built by Capt. Jack Martin, Revolutionary War soldier and pioneer. National Register of Historic Places

The county was formed in 1789 from Surry County, and before 1770, it was part of Rowan County. It was named for John Stokes, an American Revolutionary War captain severely wounded when British Colonel Banastre Tarleton's cavalry practically destroyed Col. Abraham Buford's Virginia regiment in the Waxhaws region in 1780. After the war, Captain Stokes was appointed a judge of the United States district court for North Carolina. In 1849 the southern half of Stokes County became Forsyth County.[3]

Stokes was most heavily settled from 1750 to 1775.[4] The Great Wagon Road passed through the eastern portion of the county, and this influenced the pattern of European settlement so that most settlers came from the Virginia Piedmont, and some came from further away in Pennsylvania and other colonies.[5]

During the American Civil War, Moratock Iron Furnace located near Danbury served as a foundry for the Confederate Army. It was destroyed in April 1865 when Union cavalry under the command of General George Stoneman conducted extensive raiding through the region.

Hanging Rock State Park was formed primarily from blocks of land donated in 1936 and contained 6,921 acres (28.01 km2) in 2005. Many of the facilities in the park were built by the Civilian Conservation Corps between 1935 and 1942. The park is located atop the Sauratown Mountains, and contains a visitor's center, a manmade lake, and plenty of hiking trails, climbing trails, picnic areas, and primitive campgrounds.

Geography

The Sauratown Mountains cut through Stokes County which is otherwise gently rolling piedmont hills. The Blue Ridge Mountains in the background lie to the west of Stokes County.
The Sauratown Mountains cut through Stokes County which is otherwise gently rolling piedmont hills. The Blue Ridge Mountains in the background lie to the west of Stokes County.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 456 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 449 square miles (1,160 km2) is land and 6.8 square miles (18 km2) (1.5%) is water.[6]

The county lies within the Piedmont region of western North Carolina, and most of the terrain consists of gently rolling countryside. The county is part of Appalachia, though, and the Sauratown Mountains run across the center of the county. The Sauras are named after the Saura Native American tribe which lived in the county before European settlement. A chain of jagged ridges, the Sauratown Mountains are an isolated remnant of the Blue Ridge Mountains far to the west. Although the Sauratown Mountains occupy only 5% of Stokes County, they dominate the scenery from almost any direction, abruptly rising from 800 to 1,700 feet (520 m) above the surrounding terrain. Moore's Knob, the highest point in the chain, rises to 2,579 feet (786 m). Most of the county is less than 1,000 feet (300 m) above sea level. The Dan River runs from the northwest corner to the southeastern section of Stokes County (covering over 56 miles of river recreation). Stokes County is home to Hanging Rock State Park and also has the vast majority of Belews Lake (located in the southeast corner).

State and local protected areas

Adjacent counties

Major water-bodies

Major highways

Climate and weather

Danbury, NC
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.7
 
 
48
24
 
 
3
 
 
52
26
 
 
4.3
 
 
60
32
 
 
3.6
 
 
70
40
 
 
4
 
 
77
49
 
 
4
 
 
84
59
 
 
5
 
 
88
64
 
 
4.3
 
 
86
62
 
 
4.6
 
 
80
54
 
 
3.6
 
 
71
42
 
 
3.3
 
 
62
33
 
 
3.6
 
 
51
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: Applied Climate Information System[7]

The climate in Stokes County can be described as mixed-humid, with the Köppen Climate Classification subtype being Cfa.[8] In the county seat of Danbury an average of 39.73" of rain and 9.0" of snow falls per year. Temperatures normally range between a low of 24.2 °F (−4.3 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F 87.7 °F (30.9 °C) in July. Record extremes include: A maximum temperature reading of 103.0 °F (39.4 °C) on August 21, 1983. A minimum temperature reading of −10 °F (−23 °C) on January 21, 1985. A three-day accumulated snowfall record of 34.0" was set during the Blizzard of 1996.[7]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17908,423
180011,02630.9%
181011,6455.6%
182014,03320.5%
183016,19615.4%
184016,2650.4%
18509,206−43.4%
186010,40213.0%
187011,2087.7%
188015,35337.0%
189017,19912.0%
190019,86615.5%
191020,1511.4%
192020,5752.1%
193022,2908.3%
194022,6561.6%
195021,520−5.0%
196022,3143.7%
197023,7826.6%
198033,08639.1%
199037,22312.5%
200044,71220.1%
201047,4016.0%
202044,520−6.1%
2021 (est.)44,553[9]0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[14]
2020[15]

2020 census

Stokes County racial composition[16]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 39,609 88.97%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,619 3.64%
Native American 140 0.31%
Asian 158 0.35%
Pacific Islander 11 0.02%
Other/Mixed 1,527 3.43%
Hispanic or Latino 1,456 3.27%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 44,520 people, 19,578 households, and 13,348 families residing in the county.

2000 census

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 44,712 people, 17,579 households, and 13,043 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km2). There were 19,262 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (16/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.43% White, 4.66% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 1.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,579 households, out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 22.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.50% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 31.40% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,808, and the median income for a family was $44,615. Males had a median income of $30,824 versus $24,319 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,130. About 6.90% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 15.90% of those age 65 or over.


Communities

Map of Stokes County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Stokes County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Towns

Village

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Politics, law and government

Stokes is at present a powerfully Republican county. No Democrat has held county wide elected office since the mid 1980's. The last Democratic presidential nominee to carry Stokes County was Jimmy Carter in 1976, and no Democrat since 1980 has reached forty percent of the county's vote. Hillary Clinton barely cracked twenty percent in 2016, receiving a proportion smaller than Hubert Humphrey obtained in the three-way 1968 race. In earlier years Stokes swung from Democratic-leaning during the Third Party System to Republican enough to be alongside Yadkin and Surry as the only North Carolina counties to stick with William Howard Taft during his disastrous 1912 campaign,[18] back to Democratic enough to support Adlai Stevenson II in 1952.

United States presidential election results for Stokes County, North Carolina[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 20,142 78.37% 5,286 20.57% 273 1.06%
2016 17,116 75.90% 4,665 20.69% 769 3.41%
2012 15,237 70.48% 6,018 27.84% 364 1.68%
2008 14,488 66.63% 6,875 31.62% 380 1.75%
2004 13,583 69.96% 5,767 29.71% 64 0.33%
2000 12,028 70.00% 5,030 29.27% 124 0.72%
1996 9,471 61.82% 4,769 31.13% 1,080 7.05%
1992 7,979 47.90% 6,463 38.80% 2,215 13.30%
1988 8,661 61.81% 5,319 37.96% 32 0.23%
1984 9,515 65.63% 4,950 34.14% 33 0.23%
1980 7,275 54.93% 5,764 43.52% 206 1.56%
1976 6,029 47.43% 6,647 52.29% 35 0.28%
1972 7,118 66.86% 3,254 30.57% 274 2.57%
1968 4,781 45.25% 2,374 22.47% 3,410 32.28%
1964 4,664 48.78% 4,898 51.22% 0 0.00%
1960 4,872 52.06% 4,487 47.94% 0 0.00%
1956 4,341 52.37% 3,948 47.63% 0 0.00%
1952 3,792 45.71% 4,504 54.29% 0 0.00%
1948 3,291 41.71% 4,431 56.15% 169 2.14%
1944 3,376 45.10% 4,110 54.90% 0 0.00%
1940 2,712 38.82% 4,274 61.18% 0 0.00%
1936 3,259 42.64% 4,384 57.36% 0 0.00%
1932 2,577 40.69% 3,721 58.76% 35 0.55%
1928 3,759 65.61% 1,970 34.39% 0 0.00%
1924 2,482 51.33% 2,309 47.76% 44 0.91%
1920 2,926 59.41% 1,999 40.59% 0 0.00%
1916 1,852 53.81% 1,569 45.58% 21 0.61%
1912 1,450 51.31% 1,144 40.48% 232 8.21%


Stokes County is a member of the regional Northwest Piedmont Council of Governments. Stokes County government is made up of five elected County Commissioners with an appointed County Manager, Clerk to the Board of County Commissioners, Finance Director, and Tax Administrator. Current County Commissioners are Andy Nickelston, Chairman; Sonya Cox, Vice-Chairman; Ronnie Mendenhall, Wayne Barneycastle, and Rick Morris. Other Elected Officials are Joey Lemons, Sheriff; Jason Tuttle, Clerk of Court; and Brandon Hooker, Register of Deeds. School Board Members are Elected to a five-member Board who appoint a Superintendent and present the budget to the County Commissioners for approval. Current School Board members are Cheryl Knight, Chair; Von Robertson, Vice-Chair; Pat Messick; Mike Rogers; and Dwayne Bryant.

Economy

Stokes County has long been a "bedroom community" or "commuter town" for larger towns surrounding, such as Winston-Salem, Greensboro, Mount Airy, etc. Stokes County has struggled with economic development for several reasons such as infrastructure. The leaders in the county understand this and are working to create new opportunities and upgrades to enhance growth. Several medium and small businesses have found success in Stokes, as well as retail stores, restaurants, and service professionals. The largest employer in the county is the government/school system.

See also

References

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Stokes County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Tucker, Chad (2004). Stokes County. Charleston, SC: Arcadia. p. 10. ISBN 9780738516561. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  4. ^ Phillips, Laura A W (1989). "Stokes County Historic Inventory". Final Report for the Stokes County Historical Society.
  5. ^ McGee, William H (1984). "The Great wagon Road: The Route Traveled by the First Settlers in This Area". Unpublished Report.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Climate Normals for Danbury, North Carolina". Applied Climate Information System. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  8. ^ "Danbury, North Carolina Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Stokes County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  14. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Stokes County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  16. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 21, 2021.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  18. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 265-271 ISBN 0786422173
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 17, 2018.


Coordinates: 36°25′N 80°14′W / 36.41°N 80.23°W / 36.41; -80.23