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Holly Springs
Downtown Holly Springs
Downtown Holly Springs
Flag of Holly Springs
Official seal of Holly Springs
Location in Wake County and the state of North Carolina
Location in Wake County and the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°39′16″N 78°49′29″W / 35.65444°N 78.82472°W / 35.65444; -78.82472Coordinates: 35°39′16″N 78°49′29″W / 35.65444°N 78.82472°W / 35.65444; -78.82472
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
 • MayorSean Mayefskie (Ind.)
 • Total18.69 sq mi (48.39 km2)
 • Land18.57 sq mi (48.08 km2)
 • Water0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
Elevation440 ft (130 m)
 • Total41,239
 • Density2,221.33/sq mi (857.65/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code919
FIPS code37-32260[3]
GNIS feature ID1020807[2]

Holly Springs is a town in Wake County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2020 census, the town population was 41,239, a 67% increase from 2010.[4]


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The town's name refers to the free flowing springs that emerge into a stream and small lake surrounded by large mature holly trees.[citation needed]

Early history

The Tuscarora Indians used the area around Holly Springs as a hunting ground prior to colonial settlement. This tribe fled North Carolina around 1720 to escape the influx of Europeans and eventually became the sixth nation of the Iroquois.[5]

The town of Holly Springs grew around fresh water springs, believed to be the original "holly springs", near the intersection of what is now Avent Ferry Road and Cass Holt Road. These roads linked Raleigh to the Cape Fear River and ultimately to Fayetteville as well as linking Hillsborough to Smithfield.

19th century

By 1800, the crossroads had spawned a village, including a general store built by Richard Jones, a Baptist church, and a Masonic lodge. These were soon followed by a sawmill and cotton gin. Archibald Leslie, a Scottish tailor, arrived in the community around 1817, opened a tailoring business and a store and soon began construction of a house near the springs. This 38-room mansion, now known as the Leslie-Alford-Mims House, is located off Avent Ferry Road near Town Hall. Holly Springs Baptist Church, established in 1822, was the town's first successful church.[6] The Masonic Lodge #115 was formed in 1847,[7] and in 1854 a two-story lodge building was erected. This building also served as one of the town's first schools.[8] Holly Springs Academy opened its doors in 1854 to prepare young men for admission to Wake Forest College. Two years later, the first floor of the lodge was used as a school for local girls. The lodge was honored with a historical-site plaque in the fall of 2006.

During the Civil War, North Carolina seceded from the Union. Captain Oscar R. Rand recruited willing men of all ages to join Governor Zebulon Baird Vance's 26th Infantry Regiment in the Confederate States Army. On a single day at the Battle of Gettysburg, during the assault known as Pickett's Charge, 13 of the 14 commanding officers died. Only 81 soldiers out of a unit of 880 would survive. With the men of the town gone, both schools in Holly Springs closed, and Holly Springs became a virtual ghost town. When the Union Army receded northward, Holly Springs lay in its path. Bands of marauding robbers known as "bummers" raided the area farms and homesteads, taking food, supplies, silver, clothes and anything of value.

Also during the war, for a two-week period, a segment of the Union Army encamped near Holly Springs and set up headquarters in the Leslie-Alford-Mims House. It is reported that Mrs. Leslie hated the Yankees bitterly but loved her home more, so she treated them with cool civility. This may have protected the house from destruction, the fate of many other grand southern houses. Mrs. Leslie is said to have “charmed the soldiers so that they didn't burn the house down, but they did get the chickens.”[9]

The little community of Holly Springs had appeared to be on its way to becoming a bustling town, but the Civil War ultimately left the community economically devastated. Some families moved away. The exodus was encouraged by construction of the Chatham Railroad through the village of Apex, giving that neighboring town a link to the outside world which Holly Springs did not have. Historian M. N. Amis described Holly Springs in 1871 as "a deserted village."[10]

The Town of Holly Springs was established in 1877.

In 1875, George Benton Alford moved his successful mercantile business from Middle Creek Township to Holly Springs and was instrumental in beginning an economic revival in the community. A year later he bought the Leslie house, which was the centerpiece of the village. Over the years he made significant additions and improvements to the house until it became one of the largest mansions in Wake County, one of the few with its own ballroom.[11]

Alford, a businessman and politician, started several businesses including a mercantile store, a sawmill, a cotton gin and the Holly Springs Land and Improvement Company, and eventually, the General Assembly granted the town a charter. He started a newspaper, The Cape Fear Enterprise, which he used to promote the town. He also got other prominent men in the community to join him in seeking a charter of incorporation for the Cape Fear and Northern Railroad, which became the Durham and Southern Railway.[10] During the post-war period, several attempts were made to revive the Holly Springs Academy, but none was successful. For a time, children were taught in private homes, and eventually the first co-educational school, serving 125 students, was opened by the Masons.

20th century

In 1906, the town addressed the need for a larger and better-equipped facility to educate the children. Under the leadership of Raymond A. Burt, J. Carter, and the Women's School Betterment Association, 10 acres (40,000 m2) near the springs were purchased (this was, in time, the site of the library and cultural arts center). The first bell rang for classes in 1908.

By this point, Alford was a wealthy man, and he had dreams of turning Holly Springs into an industrial town[12] of 10,000 people.[citation needed] The town's population had not increased a great deal, holding at around 300, but the business community and the schools were drawing outsiders. The flourishing village was once again struck down by war with the start of World War I. The young men went off to fight, and many others went away to work in war-related industry. In 1923 Alford died, leaving the town without an effective voice in political circles. Then came the Great Depression. The Bank of Holly Springs, established before the turn of the 20th century, failed in 1924. Holly Springs experienced difficulty during this time, although WPA funds were used to build a school auditorium. The town missed out on the new federal road-building projects being carried out to provide employment.

World War II did what World War I had done, drawing more young people away from Holly Springs to war and/or to cities for jobs. At the close of the war Holly Springs was faced with a stagnant population. During the early 1950s, while most Piedmont cities and towns were booming, Holly Springs remained at a stand still.

During the early 1960s, with a population stabilized at around 580, the town installed fluorescent street lights about the same time that Highway 55 (Main Street) was widened. A general clean-up effort netted the town an award from a state appearance committee. Racially the town became less balanced with a stronger minority population existing to the late 1980s. During this period several black businesses were flourishing: a dry cleaning business, barbershop, three neighborhood stores, and the local gathering place of the "Packhouse" built by one of the town's prominent black citizens by the name of George Grigsby, for whom Grigsby Avenue (previously called Old Fuquay Road) was named. The town board consisted of many of its prominent black citizens, among them Burnis Lassiter, Cora Lassiter, James Norris (Holly Springs' first black mayor), John McNeil, Edison Perkins, George Kimble, and "Preacher" Beckwith. Later, in the 1980s other prominent black citizens joined the town council, among them Nancy Womble, Reverend Otis Byrd, and Parrish "Ham" Womble, who served on the council for 28 years and was also interim mayor for a year.[13]

During this period the town hired Dessie Mae Womble, the first black female chief of police in the state of North Carolina. As segregation gave way to integration, the Holly Springs School for Blacks was closed, and many of its students were sent to surrounding communities to further their educations. This was the beginning of an era of busing for the community, which continued until the late 1990s when Holly Springs Elementary School on Holly Springs Road was opened.[5]

It was not until the town built its first sewage plant in 1987 that any real growth occurred. It was 1992 before Holly Springs, in line for the spillover from increased populations in Cary and Apex, suddenly boomed. Population increased from 900 in 1992 to an estimated 6,000 in 1998 to nearly 25,000 in 2010.[4]

21st century

Holly Springs Branch Library
Holly Springs Branch Library

Holly Springs Community Library, part of the Wake County Public Library system, and a cultural arts facility opened in early December 2006.[14]

On July 18, 2006, it was announced that the pharmaceutical company Novartis would be building a manufacturing facility in Holly Springs and employing approximately 350 to produce flu vaccines using new technologies. The manufacturing facility was built on 167 acres (0.68 km2) in Holly Springs Business Park off N.C. 55 Bypass. Construction was completed in late 2008. Novartis's investment is at least US$267 million and eventually could reach US$600 million.[15]

Bristol-Myers Squibb expressed interest in county-owned land along N.C. 55 Bypass at the future interchange of Interstate 540. The County originally expressed a desire to allow the proposed landfill site to be used for economic development to be sold to the company. However, county leaders refused to relocate a solid waste transfer station which would be at the entrance. When the company decided not to locate on the site, the Wake County Board of Commissioners voted five to two to proceed with plans to build a landfill there.[16][17]

For years, town leaders have become increasingly confident that Holly Springs is positioned to experience high growth, propelled by the economic engine of Research Triangle Park (RTP).[18] At a distance of 18 miles (29 km), Holly Springs is close to RTP.

On April 16, 2011, a large tornado touched down close to the Holly Springs town center, uprooting trees and destroying homes and buildings.[19]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.1 square miles (39.2 km2), of which 15.0 square miles (38.9 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.78%, is water.[20] Neighboring towns include Apex to the north and Fuquay-Varina to the south.


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[21]

2020 census

Holly Springs racial composition[22]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 30,249 73.35%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,512 8.52%
Native American 82 0.2%
Asian 2,239 5.43%
Pacific Islander 14 0.03%
Other/Mixed 2,252 5.46%
Hispanic or Latino 2,891 7.01%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 41,239 people, 11,202 households, and 9,307 families residing in the town.

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 24,661 people, 8,147 households, and 6,706 families residing in the town. In the 2000 census, there were only 9,192 people, 3,316 households, and 2,609 families residing in the town, demonstrating a large rate of growth during the past decade. The population density was 1,633.18 people per square mile. There were 8,658 housing units in 2010, an increase from only 3,642 housing units in 2000. The racial makeup of the town was 79.80% White, 12.6% African American, 0.40% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.30% of the population.[4]

There were 8,147 households, out of which 55.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.1% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.7% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.38.[4]

In the town, the population was spread out, with 32.4% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 45.0% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 4.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.3 males. The population was also 51.4% female and 48.6% male.[4]

The median income for a household in the town was $85,000, and the median income for a family was $92,539. Males had a median income of $66,630 versus $43,326 for females. The per capita income for the town was $31,527. About 2.6% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.[4]

Arts and culture

The Harrington-Dewar House, Holly Springs Masonic Lodge, and Leslie-Alford-Mims House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[23]


The Holly Springs Salamanders, founded in 2015, are a collegiate summer baseball team in the Coastal Plain League.

Parks and recreation

Sugg Farm
Sugg Farm
W.E. Hunt Recreation Center
W.E. Hunt Recreation Center

Public recreation facilities include:


Public charter schools

Public schools (Wake County Public School System)

Private schools

Notable people


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Holly Springs, North Carolina
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Holly Springs town, North Carolina". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Town History | Holly Springs, NC - Official Website". Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  6. ^ "HSBCNC - bout". Archived from the original on 2013-04-14. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  7. ^ "Holly Springs Lodge #115 A.F. & A.M." Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  8. ^ See page 7
  9. ^ "The Civil War in Holly Springs | Holly Springs, NC - Official Website". Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  10. ^ a b "Doorways to the Past | Holly Springs, NC - Official Website". Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  11. ^[bare URL PDF]
  12. ^ page 60
  13. ^ "Town Council, Holly Springs, NC". Archived from the original on 2011-02-15. Retrieved 2009-10-26.
  14. ^ "Holly Springs, NC Real Estate and Market Conditions : Cary NC Real Estate Blog". 2016-08-08. Archived from the original on 8 August 2016. Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  15. ^ Roumeliotis, Gregory (July 19, 2008). "North Carolina lands $600m Novartis vaccine plan". in-PharmaTechnologist. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  16. ^ "Raleigh firm to build, manage Holly Springs landfill". Triangle Business Journal. June 19, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  17. ^ Trent, Ashley (June 19, 2006). "Landfill construction triggers debate". Public Works. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  18. ^ Kenney, Andrew (December 29, 2010). "Holly Springs seeks to balance growth". The Cary News. Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  19. ^ Curliss, J. Andrew (April 17, 2011). "A tornado's sound and fury terrorize southwest Wake". The News & Observer. Archived from the original on April 20, 2011. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  20. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Holly Springs town, North Carolina". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2011.
  21. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  22. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved 2021-12-20.
  23. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  24. ^ Daniel Dhers Action Sports Complex. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  25. ^ Alexander, Chip. (May 10, 2016). Former Campbell golfer Brad Fritsch on a roll for Rex Open. The News & Observer. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  26. ^ Hoke Norris Papers. The Newberry. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  27. ^ Carlos Rodon Stats | Baseball-Reference. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
  28. ^ Andrew Wantz Stats | Baseball-Reference. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
  29. ^ Candidate - Linda Hunt Williams - Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  30. ^ Susana Zigante - Women's Soccer - Grand Canyon University. Retrieved October 30, 2020.