Harnett County
Harnett County Courthouse
Harnett County Courthouse
Map of North Carolina highlighting Harnett County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°22′N 78°52′W / 35.37°N 78.86°W / 35.37; -78.86
Country United States
State North Carolina
Founded1855
Named forCornelius Harnett
SeatLillington
Largest cityDunn
Area
 • Total601 sq mi (1,560 km2)
 • Land595 sq mi (1,540 km2)
 • Water6.3 sq mi (16 km2)  1.1%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2021)
135,966
 • Density228.5/sq mi (88.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts9th, 13th
Websitewww.harnett.org

Harnett County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 census, the population was 133,568.[1] Its county seat is Lillington,[2] and its largest city is Dunn. Harnett County is part of the Fayetteville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Harnett County was formed in 1855 from land given by Cumberland County. It was named for American Revolutionary war soldier Cornelius Harnett,[3] who was also a delegate to the Continental Congress. The first settlers came to the region in the mid-1720s, and were followed by Highland Scots immigrants. The Scots settled in the foothills, where land was more affordable, rather than in the rich alluvial soil area of the coastal plain. After the defeat by the British of Bonny Prince Charles at Culloden, Scots immigrants came up the Cape Fear River in ever increasing numbers and settled in western Harnett County. British immigrants had settled primarily along the banks of the Cape Fear River in the coastal area, generally from Erwin to Wilmington.

During the American Revolutionary War, many of the Scots were Loyalists. In their defeat in Scotland, they had been forced to take ironclad vows that prohibited taking up arms against the British.[citation needed] Some Rebels considered them traitors to the cause of Independence. Public executions of suspected spies occurred. One site near Lillington was the scene of a mass execution of "Scots Traitors."[citation needed]

Though Harnett County was not a site of warfare during the Civil War, one of the last battles took place near Averasborough which was once the third most populated town in North Carolina but is no longer in existence. During the Carolinas Campaign the Left Wing of General William Sherman's army under the command of Maj. General Henry W. Slocum defeated the army of General William Hardee in the Battle of Averasborough and proceeded eastward. A centennial celebration of the event was held in 1965 at the site of the battlefield.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 601 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 595 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 6.3 square miles (16 km2) (1.1%) is water.[4]

State and local protected areas/sites

Adjacent counties

Major water-bodies

Major highways


Future I-685 (Possible future interstate from Greensboro to I-95)

Other major infrastructure

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18608,039
18708,89510.6%
188010,86222.1%
189013,70026.1%
190015,98816.7%
191022,17438.7%
192028,31327.7%
193037,91133.9%
194044,23916.7%
195047,6057.6%
196048,2361.3%
197049,6673.0%
198059,57019.9%
199067,82213.9%
200091,02534.2%
2010114,67826.0%
2020133,56816.5%
2021 (est.)135,966[1]18.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2019[9]

2020 census

Harnett County racial composition[10]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 77,876 58.3%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 26,769 20.04%
Native American 978 0.73%
Asian 1,408 1.05%
Pacific Islander 242 0.18%
Other/Mixed 7,396 5.54%
Hispanic or Latino 18,899 14.15%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 133,568 people, 46,416 households, and 31,025 families residing in the county.

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 91,025 people, 33,800 households, and 24,099 families residing in the county. The population density was 153 people per square mile (59/km2). There were 38,605 housing units at an average density of 65 per square mile (25/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 71.13% White, 22.50% Black or African American, 0.87% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 3.21% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. 5.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 33,800 households, out of which 36.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.00% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 19.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,105, and the median income for a family was $41,176. Males had a median income of $30,265 versus $22,283 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,775. About 11.30% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 19.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Harnett County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Harnett County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Townships

Other unincorporated communities

Politics, law and government

Harnett is a typical "Solid South" county in its political history. Apart from the 1928 election when it defected to Herbert Hoover because of opposition to the Catholicism of Al Smith,[14] Harnett voted rock-solid Democratic until the 1960s when opposition to increasing liberalism on racial policies turned the electorate toward the segregationist candidacy of George Wallace. Since then apart from when carried twice by native Southerner Jimmy Carter in 1976 and 1980, Harnett has been a solidly Republican county.

United States presidential election results for Harnett County, North Carolina[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 35,177 60.35% 22,093 37.90% 1,023 1.75%
2016 27,614 59.95% 16,737 36.33% 1,714 3.72%
2012 25,565 58.89% 17,331 39.92% 519 1.20%
2008 23,579 57.93% 16,785 41.24% 341 0.84%
2004 20,922 64.24% 11,563 35.50% 86 0.26%
2000 14,762 61.08% 9,155 37.88% 250 1.03%
1996 11,596 53.34% 8,767 40.33% 1,376 6.33%
1992 9,751 46.58% 8,473 40.48% 2,708 12.94%
1988 9,749 57.25% 7,259 42.63% 21 0.12%
1984 11,198 61.11% 7,106 38.78% 19 0.10%
1980 7,284 44.70% 8,791 53.95% 220 1.35%
1976 5,935 39.61% 8,992 60.01% 58 0.39%
1972 10,259 74.64% 3,347 24.35% 138 1.00%
1968 5,184 32.97% 4,007 25.49% 6,531 41.54%
1964 5,883 44.03% 7,477 55.97% 0 0.00%
1960 5,301 40.18% 7,892 59.82% 0 0.00%
1956 3,998 35.01% 7,421 64.99% 0 0.00%
1952 4,306 36.18% 7,595 63.82% 0 0.00%
1948 1,985 22.26% 6,608 74.11% 323 3.62%
1944 3,191 32.66% 6,579 67.34% 0 0.00%
1940 2,280 25.67% 6,602 74.33% 0 0.00%
1936 2,264 22.02% 8,018 77.98% 0 0.00%
1932 2,617 29.04% 6,346 70.42% 49 0.54%
1928 4,740 57.15% 3,554 42.85% 0 0.00%
1924 2,895 46.68% 3,296 53.14% 11 0.18%
1920 3,311 45.80% 3,919 54.20% 0 0.00%
1916 1,603 44.49% 1,992 55.29% 8 0.22%
1912 148 5.80% 1,364 53.43% 1,041 40.78%
1908 1,047 41.01% 1,501 58.79% 5 0.20%
1904 723 37.60% 1,169 60.79% 31 1.61%
1900 1,199 47.17% 1,342 52.79% 1 0.04%
1896 1,042 37.95% 1,676 61.03% 28 1.02%
1892 650 25.87% 1,222 48.63% 641 25.51%
1888 1,100 42.34% 1,498 57.66% 0 0.00%
1884 744 37.24% 1,254 62.76% 0 0.00%
1880 704 40.65% 1,028 59.35% 0 0.00%


Harnett County is a member of the regional Mid-Carolina Council of Governments.

Education

Harnett County is home to Campbell University and to 27[16] other different schools: 4 primary schools, 13 elementary schools, 5 middle schools, 4 high schools, and 1 alternative school.[17]

The county is served by the Harnett County Library System, based in Lillington with branches at Angier, Coats, Dunn, Erwin, Anderson Creek Primary School, and Boone Trail Community Center and Library.[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "US Census Bureau QuickFacts: Harnett County". US Census Bureau. April 27, 2022. Retrieved April 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 150.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ "GNIS Anderson Creek CDP". GNIS.
  13. ^ "GNIS Spout Springs CDP". GNIS.
  14. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 213, 215 ISBN 1400852293
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  16. ^ "School Profiles". Harnett County Schools. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  17. ^ Alternative school#United States
  18. ^ "Harnett County Public Library". Harnett County, North Carolina. Retrieved March 10, 2018.

Coordinates: 35°22′N 78°52′W / 35.37°N 78.86°W / 35.37; -78.86