Cumberland County
County of Cumberland
Cumberland County Courthouse in Fayetteville
Cumberland County Courthouse in Fayetteville
Flag of Cumberland County
Official seal of Cumberland County
Official logo of Cumberland County
Map of North Carolina highlighting Cumberland County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°03′N 78°50′W / 35.05°N 78.83°W / 35.05; -78.83
Country United States
State North Carolina
Founded1754
Named forPrince William, Duke of Cumberland
SeatFayetteville
Largest cityFayetteville
Area
 • Total658 sq mi (1,700 km2)
 • Land652 sq mi (1,690 km2)
 • Water6.1 sq mi (16 km2)  0.9%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2021)
335,508
 • Density514.6/sq mi (198.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts7th, 9th
Websitewww.co.cumberland.nc.us

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 census, the population was 334,508,[1] making it the fifth-most populous county in North Carolina. Its county seat is Fayetteville.[2] Cumberland County is part of the Fayetteville, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The county was formed in 1754 from Bladen County. It was named for Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721–1765), captain-general of the British army and victorious commander at the Battle of Culloden.

In 1771 parts of Cumberland County, Johnston County, and Orange County were combined to form Wake County. In July 1784 the western part of Cumberland County became Moore County; the eastern part became Fayette County in honor of the Marquis de la Fayette, but the name Cumberland County was restored three months later. The county was represented as Fayette County in the North Carolina General Assembly of April 1784. In 1855 the northern part of Cumberland County became Harnett County. Finally, in 1911 parts of Cumberland County and Robeson County were combined to form Hoke County.[3]

Geography

Interactive map of Cumberland County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 652 square miles (1,690 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (0.9%) is water.[4]

State and local protected areas/sites

Major water bodies

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Major Infrastructure

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17908,730
18009,2646.1%
18109,3821.3%
182014,44654.0%
183014,8342.7%
184015,2843.0%
185020,61034.8%
186016,369−20.6%
187017,0354.1%
188023,83639.9%
189027,32114.6%
190029,2497.1%
191035,28420.6%
192035,064−0.6%
193045,21929.0%
194059,32031.2%
195096,00661.8%
1960148,41854.6%
1970212,04242.9%
1980247,16016.6%
1990274,56611.1%
2000302,96310.3%
2010319,4315.4%
2020334,7284.8%
2021 (est.)335,508[10]0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[15]
2020[16]

2020 census

Cumberland County racial composition[17]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 133,201 39.79%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 124,173 37.1%
Native American 4,647 1.39%
Asian 8,943 2.67%
Pacific Islander 1,357 0.41%
Other/Mixed 22,909 6.84%
Hispanic or Latino 39,498 11.8%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 334,728 people, 128,135 households, and 78,365 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the census[18] of 2010, there were 302,963 people, 107,358 households, and 77,619 families residing in the county. The population density was 464 people per square mile (179/km2). There were 118,425 housing units at an average density of 181 per square mile (70/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 55.15% White, 34.90% Black or African American, 1.55% Native American, 1.88% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 3.13% from other races, and 3.09% from two or more races. 6.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 Cumberland County's population was 51.5% non-Hispanic whites. It was 36.7% African-American. 6.4% of the population was Latino. 3.1% of the population reported more than one race. 2.1% of the population was Asian. 1.7% of the population was Native American.

There were 107,358 households, out of which 39.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.90% under the age of 18, 13.70% from 18 to 24, 32.90% from 25 to 44, 17.80% from 45 to 64, and 7.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 102.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,466, and the median income for a family was $41,459. Males had a median income of $28,308 versus $22,379 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,376. About 10.40% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Cumberland County is a member of the regional Mid-Carolina Council of Governments.

United States presidential election results for Cumberland County, North Carolina[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 60,032 40.80% 84,469 57.40% 2,649 1.80%
2016 51,265 40.21% 71,605 56.16% 4,636 3.64%
2012 50,666 39.69% 75,792 59.38% 1,183 0.93%
2008 52,151 40.88% 74,693 58.55% 731 0.57%
2004 49,139 51.60% 45,788 48.08% 299 0.31%
2000 38,129 49.42% 38,626 50.07% 396 0.51%
1996 29,804 44.83% 32,739 49.25% 3,936 5.92%
1992 27,139 42.10% 30,291 46.98% 7,040 10.92%
1988 27,057 53.07% 23,789 46.66% 133 0.26%
1984 31,602 58.18% 22,614 41.63% 103 0.19%
1980 21,540 47.63% 22,073 48.80% 1,615 3.57%
1976 14,226 36.78% 24,297 62.81% 160 0.41%
1972 24,376 70.46% 9,853 28.48% 366 1.06%
1968 9,143 31.95% 9,938 34.72% 9,539 33.33%
1964 9,093 39.61% 13,864 60.39% 0 0.00%
1960 8,072 41.03% 11,601 58.97% 0 0.00%
1956 6,699 43.05% 8,862 56.95% 0 0.00%
1952 7,474 45.82% 8,839 54.18% 0 0.00%
1948 1,741 19.21% 4,996 55.13% 2,325 25.66%
1944 2,014 23.34% 6,615 76.66% 0 0.00%
1940 1,118 15.60% 6,050 84.40% 0 0.00%
1936 1,024 13.60% 6,505 86.40% 0 0.00%
1932 931 15.56% 5,012 83.77% 40 0.67%
1928 3,534 51.73% 3,297 48.27% 0 0.00%
1924 1,372 31.67% 2,923 67.47% 37 0.85%
1920 1,972 37.89% 3,233 62.11% 0 0.00%
1916 1,217 38.17% 1,971 61.83% 0 0.00%
1912 235 8.41% 1,678 60.08% 880 31.51%
1908 1,453 44.23% 1,832 55.77% 0 0.00%
1904 1,129 41.37% 1,594 58.41% 6 0.22%
1900 2,138 51.98% 1,964 47.75% 11 0.27%
1896 2,200 46.36% 2,509 52.88% 36 0.76%
1892 1,333 27.17% 2,178 44.39% 1,395 28.43%
1888 2,028 44.56% 2,523 55.44% 0 0.00%
1884 2,192 47.03% 2,469 52.97% 0 0.00%
1880 2,137 50.33% 2,109 49.67% 0 0.00%


Education

Cumberland County is home to Fayetteville State University (an HBCU in the CIAA Conference), Methodist University (a member of the USA South Athletic Conference), and Fayetteville Technical Community College.

The Cumberland County Schools district serves most areas for grades PK-12.[20] The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) operates public schools on Fort Bragg for PK-8, but for high school Fort Bragg students attend local public schools in their respective counties.[21] The Cuberland Schools system is the fourth largest public school system in the state of North Carolina. There are 17 high schools in Cumberland County: Cape Fear, Cross Creek Early College, Cumberland International Early College, Douglas Byrd, E.E. Smith, Fuller Performance Learning Center, Gray's Creek, Howard Health and Life Sciences, Jack Britt, Massey Hill Classical, Pine Forest, Reid Ross Classical, Seventy-First, South View, Terry Sanford, Alger B. Wilkins, Ramsey Street, and Westover.

Cumberland County Public Library and Information Center

The Cumberland County Public Library & and Information Center began as the Fayetteville Library Society after being incorporated by the North Carolina General Assembly in 1794.[22] The Fayetteville Library Society was the first library organization or group to become incorporated in the state of North Carolina.[23] The current library director is Ms. Jody Risacher [24] and she is also a member of the 2018 Library Board of Trustees for Cumberland County. Board of trustee members are appointed every three years by the Cumberland County Board of Commissioners.[25]

Director Risacher was initially hired as the deputy director for the Cumberland County Public Library and Information Center in the late 1990s and became the library's director in 2008. Director Risacher was named the Library Director of the Year by the North Carolina Public Library Association in 2013.[26]

Cumberland County Public Library and Information Center has eight branches: Bordeaux Branch, Cliffdale Regional Branch, East Regional Branch, Headquarters Branch, Hope Mills Branch, North Regional Branch, Spring Lake Branch, and West Regional Branch. The newest branch is the West Regional Branch Library which opened in 2010, and the oldest branch was the Gillespie Street Branch, which originated as the James Walker Hood Library in 1942 and was a branch specifically for African Americans.[27] Its mission statement is “The library opens windows to the world by encouraging expression, enlightenment, and exploration”.[28]

In 2012, the Cumberland County Public Library and Information Center received the National Medal for Museum and Library Service, which is only awarded to five libraries in the United States each year.[29]

In 2018, the Cumberland County Public Library and Information Center won two grants via the American Library Association [30] and the Arts Council of Cumberland County for a total of $5,300.00. One grant was used to support a pilot program at a local high school and the other to support the Cumberland County Storytelling Festival and Artrepreneur program.[31]

The Cumberland County Court Library, which was previously located in the Judge E. Maurice Braswell Courthouse, moved to the Headquarters Library in February 2018. The Court Library is now situated in the Local and State History Room and collection materials are now available to the general public via local libraries. Library staff is available to assist patrons with finding information but they cannot offer patrons legal advice.[32]

Some of the current services offered by the branch libraries include children's, young adult, and adult programming, genealogy and local history, homeschooling resources, and homework help for students. Cumberland County Public Library & Information Center offers patrons access to free downloads for audiobooks, ebooks, magazines, videos, and resources for education purposes. Patrons are able to access these resources remotely online via the use of the patron's library card number and pin. The library branches also offer computer training courses/classes, as well as story times, and opportunities for people or groups in the community to reserve spaces for meetings and programs.[33]

Communities

City

Map of Cumberland County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Cumberland County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

See also

References

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Cumberland County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Cheney, John L. Jr., ed. (1974). North Carolina Government, 1585–1974. pp. 212–213.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  5. ^ "Oak Grove Plantation at Averasboro". www.visitfayettevillenc.com. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  6. ^ Urban Exploration Abandoned Linden School, retrieved July 27, 2022
  7. ^ "Fishing in Rhodes Pond". Fishbrain. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  8. ^ "Taliaferro's Division Monument | NCpedia". www.ncpedia.org. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  9. ^ Averasboro, 4976 Ross West Road USA; Cumberl, NC 28334; County. "William T. Smith House - UNDER CONTRACT". Preservation NC. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Cumberland County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  15. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  16. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Cumberland County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2021.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  20. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Cumberland County, NC" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2022. - Text list
  21. ^ "Fort Bragg/Cuba Community". Department of Defense Education Activity. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
  22. ^ "The origins of the North Carolina state library, 1700-1840" (PDF). Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  23. ^ "Useful Books: Community Libraries in Antebellum North Carolina". Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  24. ^ "About the Library". Archived from the original on November 26, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  25. ^ "Board of Trustees". Archived from the original on November 26, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  26. ^ "Cumberland County Library Director Named Director of the Year" (PDF). Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  27. ^ "Library History". Archived from the original on November 26, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  28. ^ "Long Range Plan FY 2016 -2020" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 26, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  29. ^ "Cumberland County Library Director Named Director of the Year" (PDF). Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  30. ^ "Public Library Received American Library Association Grant" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 26, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  31. ^ "Public Library Receives Arts Council Grants". Retrieved November 25, 2018.[permanent dead link]
  32. ^ ". Court Library Services Moving to Headquarters Location". Archived from the original on November 26, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  33. ^ "Cumberland County Public Library & Information Center Homepage". Archived from the original on November 26, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.

Coordinates: 35°03′N 78°50′W / 35.05°N 78.83°W / 35.05; -78.83