Chowan County
County of Chowan
Former Chowan County Courthouse, Edenton
Former Chowan County Courthouse, Edenton
Official seal of Chowan County
Map of North Carolina highlighting Chowan County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°08′N 76°36′W / 36.13°N 76.6°W / 36.13; -76.6
Country United States
State North Carolina
Founded1739
Named forChowanoc Indian Tribe
SeatEdenton
Largest townEdenton
Area
 • Total233 sq mi (600 km2)
 • Land172 sq mi (450 km2)
 • Water61 sq mi (160 km2)  26%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2021)
13,722
 • Density79.8/sq mi (30.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.chowancounty-nc.gov

Chowan County (/ˈwɒn/)[1] is one of the 100 counties located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 13,708.[2] Its county seat is Edenton.[3] The county was created between 1668 and 1671 as Shaftesbury Precinct and later renamed Chowan Precinct. It gained county status in 1739.[4][5]

History

Chowan was formed in 1670 as a precinct, originally called Shaftesbury, in Albemarle County. By 1685 it had been renamed for the Chowan Indian tribe, which lived in the northeastern part of the Carolina Colony.

Chowan County is in the northeastern section of the State and is bounded by Albemarle Sound, Chowan River, and the counties of Bertie, Hertford, Gates, and Perquimans. The present land area is 172.64 square miles and the 2000 population was 14,150.

In 1720, Edenton, which was named in honor of Governor Charles Eden, was established. In 1722 it was designated, and has continued to be, the county seat.[6]

The Bond House, Edenton, Chowan County, c. 1920
The Bond House, Edenton, Chowan County, c. 1920

During the American Civil War, the Albemarle Artillery was recruited in 1862 from Chowan and Tyrrell men at Edenton by local attorney William Badham, Jr. After cannons were recast from bronze donated as bells from local courthouses and churches to arm the battery, the unit was renamed the Edenton Bell Battery. They named their cannon: Columbia, St. Paul, Fannie Roulac, and Edenton. Two of the guns, long thought lost, have been returned to Edenton in recent years. The St. Paul and the Edenton now can be seen on display at Edenton's waterfront park.[7] The county was named after the historical Chowanoc American Indian tribe, also called Chowan. [8] [9]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 233 square miles (600 km2), of which 172 square miles (450 km2) is land and 61 square miles (160 km2) (26%) is water.[10] It is the smallest county in North Carolina by land area and third-smallest by total area.

State and local protected area

Adjacent counties

Major water-bodies

Major highways

Other major infrastructure

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17904,988
18005,1322.9%
18105,2973.2%
18206,46422.0%
18306,6973.6%
18406,690−0.1%
18506,7210.5%
18606,8421.8%
18706,450−5.7%
18807,90022.5%
18909,16716.0%
190010,25811.9%
191011,30310.2%
192010,649−5.8%
193011,2825.9%
194011,5722.6%
195012,5408.4%
196011,729−6.5%
197010,764−8.2%
198012,55816.7%
199013,5067.5%
200014,5267.6%
201014,7931.8%
202013,708−7.3%
2021 (est.)13,722[11]0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2013[16]
2020[17]

2020 census

Chowan County racial composition[18]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 8,268 60.32%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 4,376 31.92%
Native American 43 0.31%
Asian 39 0.28%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 451 3.29%
Hispanic or Latino 530 3.87%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 13,708 people, 6,133 households, and 3,986 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the census[19] of 2010, there were 14,793 people, 5,580 households, and 4,006 families residing in the county. The population density was 84 people per square mile (32/km2). There were 6,443 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (14/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.0% White, 34.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 3.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,580 households, out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.90% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 88.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,928, and the median income for a family was $36,986. Males had a median income of $29,719 versus $19,826 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,027. About 13.70% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.50% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government

Chowan County is a member of the Albemarle Commission regional council of government.

Chowan County is represented by Bob Steinburg in the 1st district of the North Carolina House State Senate.

United States presidential election results for Chowan County, North Carolina[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,471 57.44% 3,247 41.71% 66 0.85%
2016 4,014 55.53% 2,992 41.39% 222 3.07%
2012 3,891 51.85% 3,556 47.38% 58 0.77%
2008 3,773 50.23% 3,688 49.09% 51 0.68%
2004 2,967 55.09% 2,406 44.67% 13 0.24%
2000 2,415 49.39% 2,430 49.69% 45 0.92%
1996 1,659 38.80% 2,239 52.36% 378 8.84%
1992 1,661 36.86% 2,136 47.40% 709 15.73%
1988 1,884 51.56% 1,756 48.06% 14 0.38%
1984 2,171 55.41% 1,736 44.31% 11 0.28%
1980 1,424 38.91% 2,146 58.63% 90 2.46%
1976 1,019 35.27% 1,862 64.45% 8 0.28%
1972 1,906 66.39% 936 32.60% 29 1.01%
1968 798 21.60% 1,201 32.50% 1,696 45.90%
1964 787 31.70% 1,696 68.30% 0 0.00%
1960 533 21.73% 1,920 78.27% 0 0.00%
1956 556 27.24% 1,485 72.76% 0 0.00%
1952 537 27.05% 1,448 72.95% 0 0.00%
1948 124 9.73% 1,070 83.99% 80 6.28%
1944 166 11.22% 1,314 88.78% 0 0.00%
1940 87 5.32% 1,547 94.68% 0 0.00%
1936 96 5.83% 1,550 94.17% 0 0.00%
1932 64 3.75% 1,639 95.96% 5 0.29%
1928 352 27.33% 936 72.67% 0 0.00%
1924 98 12.00% 714 87.39% 5 0.61%
1920 209 16.08% 1,091 83.92% 0 0.00%
1916 91 12.96% 610 86.89% 1 0.14%
1912 60 7.50% 663 82.88% 77 9.63%


Communities

Map of Chowan County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Chowan County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Town

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

See also

References

  1. ^ Talk Like A Tarheel Archived 2013-06-22 at the Wayback Machine, from the North Carolina Collection's website at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Chowan County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 18, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 9, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "North Carolina: Individual County Chronologies". North Carolina Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2009. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  5. ^ "Chowan County". NCpedia. State Library of North Carolina. January 1, 2006. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  6. ^ "Chowan County, North Carolina | Learn | FamilySearch.org". Archived from the original on July 15, 2012.
  7. ^ "Edenton Bell Battery". Edenton Historical Commission. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
  8. ^ "Chowan County Profile". Website. epodunk. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2010.
  9. ^ "Chowanoc Indian Tribe". Website. AccessGenealogy. Retrieved February 19, 2010.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Chowan County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  16. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Chowan County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  18. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 23, 2021.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 15, 2018.

Coordinates: 36°08′N 76°36′W / 36.13°N 76.60°W / 36.13; -76.60