Halifax County
County of Halifax
Halifax County Courthouse (North Carolina)
Official seal of Halifax County
Map of North Carolina highlighting Halifax County
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°16′N 77°40′W / 36.26°N 77.66°W / 36.26; -77.66
Country United States
State North Carolina
Founded1758
Named forGeorge Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax
SeatHalifax
Largest cityRoanoke Rapids
Area
 • Total731 sq mi (1,890 km2)
 • Land724 sq mi (1,880 km2)
 • Water7.1 sq mi (18 km2)  1.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2021)
48,272
 • Density66.7/sq mi (25.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.halifaxnc.com

Halifax County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2020 census, the population was 48,622.[1] Its county seat is Halifax.[2]

Halifax County is part of the Roanoke Rapids, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Rocky Mount-Wilson-Roanoke Rapids, NC Combined Statistical Area.

History

Halifax County is located in North Carolina's Coastal Plain region. The geography and history of the county were shaped by the Roanoke River, which forms its northern boundary. According to Preservation North Carolina, “Halifax County, designated in 1759, is one of the oldest counties in North Carolina with a rich history dating back to the earliest days of European settlement of North America. Over the years, Halifax County has provided North Carolina with more leaders – governors, congressmen, generals – than any other county in the state.”

Originally the area was home to Tuscarora Indians and then it was settled in the early 18th century by English colonists migrating south from Virginia and also from New Jersey. The town of Halifax developed along the banks of the Roanoke River and established itself as the trading center for goods passing from settlement to settlement. The Roanoke River played a major role in the county's development, so much so that Halifax County was even considered as a potential capital of North Carolina. It remained a prosperous county until the railroads usurped the river as the major form of transportation. After Halifax County separated from Edgecombe County, the town of Halifax became the county seat (Enfield was the original county seat when Halifax was part of Edgecombe County). All territory within the boundaries of Edgecombe County north of Fishing Creek and Rainbow Banks on the Roanoke River (approximately 711 square miles) was officially designated as Halifax County on January 1, 1759. The current Halifax County towns include Enfield, Hobgood, Littleton, Roanoke Rapids, Scotland Neck, and Weldon.

Besides having 40 sites on the National Register of Historic Places, Halifax County is also historically significant because of two events preceding the American Revolution. John Lord Carteret, the second Earl Granville, inherited a one-eighth share of Carolina territory originally granted to Sir George Carteret by the British Crown. The second Earl Granville administered the district (an area between the present Virginia-North Carolina border and a line about 65 miles south) from across the Atlantic, but there was little oversight and the land agents he put in charge of granting land, collecting rent and surveying for settlers – Edward Moseley, Francis Corbin and Thomas Child – were often accused of malfeasance by settlers and landowners.

On January 24, 1759, a group of men from Halifax and Edgecombe counties rode to Francis Corbin's house in Edenton and seized him during the night. The men were upset because Corbin had extorted money from them when collecting rents for Lord Granville who controlled the land on which they lived. Corbin was taken to Enfield, along with a co-conspirator Thomas Bodley – and the men were kept in jail for four days – until they agreed to acknowledge the corruption and set records straight. Enfield was the seat of the judicial district, including Northampton, Granville, and Edgecombe County, before Halifax became the county seat.

Although Corbin was eventually relieved of his duties by Lord Granville, a few months later a court accused the Halifax and Edgecombe men of kidnapping. The kidnappers were imprisoned in the Enfield jail and a second “riot” erupted on May 14, 1759, when a mob broke into the jail and freed the men who had kidnapped Corbin and Bodley. Distrust of the British Crown and the rule of royal governors continued to foment unrest in eastern North Carolina until the colony became the first of its peers to recommend American independence.

On April 12, 1776, the North Carolina Provincial Congress met in Halifax and passed a resolution known as the Halifax Resolves. The first resolution of its kind, the document instructed North Carolina's delegates to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia to vote for independence from Great Britain. The date of the Halifax Resolves is commemorated on the state's flag. Each year April 12 is celebrated as Halifax Day, with individuals in period costumes demonstrating colonial-era activities and craftsmanship.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 731 square miles (1,890 km2), of which 724 square miles (1,880 km2) is land and 7.1 square miles (18 km2) (1.0%) is water.[3]

Some of Halifax County's natural attractions include Medoc Mountain State Park, Lake Gaston, and Roanoke Rapids Lake. Sylvan Bird Park in Scotland Neck is home to the world's largest collection of waterfowl. According to a North Carolina Deer Hunting 2016 -2017 study, Halifax County had the most number of harvested whitetail deer.

The Lakeland Arts Center, the Canal Arts Center, and the Roanoke Valley Players theater group are a few of the county's cultural institutions. With 328 seats and an 11-piece orchestra pit, Lakeland Theatre Company in Littleton marks several decades of showcasing plays and concerts. The Enfield Performing Arts Center had its first film festival in October 2017, featuring the work of local and nationally known film makers.

With 195,896 acres in farmland, Halifax County agricultural products include tobacco, peanuts, cotton, corn, soybeans. In addition, Halifax County sits in the heart of the great southern wood basket. The southern forests produce 12 percent of the world's wood product and 19 percent of its pulp and paper.

National protected area

State and local protected areas

Adjacent counties

Major water-bodies

Major highways

Other major infrastructure

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
179014,310
180013,945−2.6%
181015,62012.0%
182017,23710.4%
183017,7392.9%
184016,865−4.9%
185016,589−1.6%
186019,44217.2%
187020,4085.0%
188030,30048.5%
189028,908−4.6%
190030,7936.5%
191037,64622.3%
192043,76616.3%
193053,24621.7%
194056,5126.1%
195058,3773.3%
196058,9561.0%
197053,884−8.6%
198055,2862.6%
199055,5160.4%
200057,3703.3%
201054,691−4.7%
202048,622−11.1%
2021 (est.)48,272[4]−0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[9]
2020[10]

2020 census

Halifax County racial composition[11]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 19,070 39.22%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 24,737 50.88%
Native American 1,593 3.28%
Asian 281 0.58%
Pacific Islander 11 0.02%
Other/Mixed 1,476 3.04%
Hispanic or Latino 1,454 2.99%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 48,622 people, 21,017 households, and 13,680 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 54,691 people living in the county. 53.2% were Black or African American, 40.0% White, 3.8% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 1.1% of some other race and 1.2% of two or more races. 2.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 57,370 people, 22,122 households, and 15,308 families living in the county. The population density was 79 people per square mile (31/km2). There were 25,309 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 52.56% Black or African American, 42.57% White, 3.14% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,122 households, out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.10% were married couples living together, 20.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,459, and the median income for a family was $33,515. Males had a median income of $28,025 versus $20,524 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,810. About 19.40% of families and 26.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.00% of those under age 18 and 22.40% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government

Halifax County is a member of the regional Upper Coastal Plain Council of Governments.

Halifax County is represented by Michael H. Wray in the 27th District in the North Carolina House of Representatives.[13]

United States presidential election results for Halifax County, North Carolina[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 10,080 39.13% 15,545 60.35% 134 0.52%
2016 9,031 35.88% 15,748 62.57% 388 1.54%
2012 8,763 33.60% 17,176 65.86% 140 0.54%
2008 8,961 35.71% 16,047 63.96% 83 0.33%
2004 8,088 41.17% 11,528 58.68% 31 0.16%
2000 6,698 39.47% 10,222 60.24% 50 0.29%
1996 5,700 35.40% 9,551 59.31% 852 5.29%
1992 5,769 32.40% 9,960 55.94% 2,075 11.65%
1988 7,462 46.03% 8,726 53.83% 23 0.14%
1984 8,832 48.65% 9,278 51.11% 43 0.24%
1980 6,033 41.19% 8,364 57.10% 251 1.71%
1976 5,257 39.66% 7,892 59.54% 105 0.79%
1972 8,908 66.60% 4,241 31.71% 226 1.69%
1968 3,148 20.72% 4,927 32.43% 7,116 46.84%
1964 4,757 34.70% 8,952 65.30% 0 0.00%
1960 2,343 20.89% 8,872 79.11% 0 0.00%
1956 2,346 22.99% 7,860 77.01% 0 0.00%
1952 2,210 20.06% 8,807 79.94% 0 0.00%
1948 505 7.10% 6,172 86.82% 432 6.08%
1944 440 5.92% 6,989 94.08% 0 0.00%
1940 361 4.33% 7,982 95.67% 0 0.00%
1936 308 3.61% 8,230 96.39% 0 0.00%
1932 306 4.53% 6,413 94.98% 33 0.49%
1928 890 15.42% 4,882 84.58% 0 0.00%
1924 268 7.48% 3,232 90.20% 83 2.32%
1920 524 13.26% 3,429 86.74% 0 0.00%
1916 299 11.45% 2,312 88.51% 1 0.04%
1912 42 1.70% 2,300 92.85% 135 5.45%


Communities

Map of Halifax County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Halifax County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

See also

References

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Halifax County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 25, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Halifax County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Halifax County, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 24, 2021.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ webmasters, NC General Assembly. "North Carolina General Assembly". www.ncleg.net. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 15, 2018.

Coordinates: 36°16′N 77°40′W / 36.26°N 77.66°W / 36.26; -77.66