Jacksonville, North Carolina
Clockwise from top left: waterfront along New River, LP Willingham Riverfront Park, Court Street, Onslow County Courthouse
Clockwise from top left: waterfront along New River, LP Willingham Riverfront Park, Court Street, Onslow County Courthouse
Flag of Jacksonville, North Carolina
Official seal of Jacksonville, North Carolina
Official logo of Jacksonville, North Carolina
Nickname(s): 
J-Ville, J-Vegas
Motto: 
"A Caring Community"
Location of Jacksonville within North Carolina
Location of Jacksonville within North Carolina
Coordinates: 34°45′35″N 77°24′35″W / 34.75972°N 77.40972°W / 34.75972; -77.40972Coordinates: 34°45′35″N 77°24′35″W / 34.75972°N 77.40972°W / 34.75972; -77.40972
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyOnslow
Founded1757
Incorporated1842
Named ForAndrew Jackson
Government
 • MayorSammy Phillips
Area
 • City56.42 sq mi (146.14 km2)
 • Land48.80 sq mi (126.40 km2)
 • Water7.62 sq mi (19.74 km2)  1.51%
 • Urban
64 sq mi (103 km2)
 • Metro
909 sq mi (2,353 km2)
Elevation
15 ft (4.6 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • City72,723
 • Density1,490.16/sq mi (575.35/km2)
 • Metro
177,000
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
28540, 28541, 28546
Area code910
FIPS code37-34200[2]
GNIS feature ID0987502[3]
Websitewww.ci.jacksonville.nc.us

Jacksonville is a city in Onslow County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 72,723, which makes Jacksonville the 14th-largest city in North Carolina.[4] Jacksonville is the county seat and most populous community of Onslow County, which is coterminous with the Jacksonville, North Carolina metropolitan area. Demographically, Jacksonville is the youngest city in the United States, with an average age of 22.8 years old, which can be attributed to the large military presence. The low age may also be in part due to the population drastically going up over the past 80 years, from 783 in the 1930 census to 72,876 in the 2021 Census estimate.[5]

It is the home of the United States Marine Corps' Camp Lejeune and New River Air Station. Jacksonville is located adjacent to North Carolina's Crystal Coast area.

History

After the end of the Tuscarora wars in 1713 and the forced removal of Native American tribes was followed by permanent settlement of the regions between New Bern and Wilmington. The New River became a major production center for naval stores like turpentine. The downtown waterfront park is built on the site original site of Wantland's Ferry.[6]

In 1752, a devastating hurricane destroyed the county seat of Johnston, and Wantlands Ferry, located further up the New River, at the present site of Jacksonville,[7][6] was chosen as the site of the new county courthouse. The area was later known as Onslow Courthouse. In 1842, the town was incorporated and renamed Jacksonville in honor of former U.S. President Andrew Jackson.[6] The town was briefly captured and occupied in November 1862 by a raiding party led by U.S. Navy Lt. William B. Cushing.[8]

Jacksonville and Onslow County continued to rely on naval stores, lumber, and tobacco crops for industry. In 1939, Colonel George W. Gillette of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers surveyed and mapped the area from Fort Monroe, Virginia to Fort Sumter, South Carolina which included the Onslow County coastline and the New River. The map is believed to have fostered the interest of the War and Navy Departments in establishing an amphibious training base in the area. Congressman Graham Arthur Barden of New Bern lobbied Congress to appropriate funds for the purchase of about 100,000 acres (400 km2) along the eastern bank of the New River. The establishment in 1941 of Marine Barracks, New River, later renamed Camp Lejeune Marine Corps Base, led to the relocation of 700 families. While the landowners were compensated, many of the families displaced were sharecroppers who did not own the land on which their houses were built, and did not receive compensation for their structures. Some African American families were able to purchase property from Raymond Kellum and established the community of Kellumtown. Other displaced families established communities in Georgetown, Pickettown, Bell Fork, and Sandy Run. The latter communities have since been absorbed by Jacksonville. Colonel Gillette had planned to retire near the small village of Marine, ironically named after a local family whose surname was Marine, but lost his land to the acquisition, as well.[9][10][11]

Construction of Camp Lejeune caused a population explosion in the small town of about 800 inhabitants, as new workers migrated to the area. Growth continued to be fueled by both young Marine families and military retirees. Today, Jacksonville's primary industry is retail sales and services. The primary migration draw continues to be the U.S. Marine Corps.[12]

The Bank of Onslow and Jacksonville Masonic Temple, Mill Avenue Historic District, and Pelletier House and Wantland Spring are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[13]

In 2016, Jacksonville became the first jurisdiction to adopt a paid holiday honoring the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which made slavery in the United States and its territories illegal. The resolution of adoption mentions "the prevention of the modern slavery" which it describes as "human trafficking", including child labor and military service.[14]

Geography

Interactive map of Jacksonville city limits

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 45.2 square miles (117 km2), of which 44.5 square miles (115 km2) are land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (1.51%) is water. It is approximately 60 minutes from Wilmington and 15 minutes from the Intracoastal Waterway.

Three public golf courses provide recreation for those who reside in or visit Jacksonville: Rock Creek, Swingin' Things, Paradise Point (located aboard MCB Camp Lejeune).

Climate

Climate data for Jacksonville, North Carolina (Marine Corps Air Station New River) 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1955–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
86
(30)
92
(33)
95
(35)
99
(37)
101
(38)
102
(39)
101
(38)
97
(36)
95
(35)
89
(32)
82
(28)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 56.0
(13.3)
59.3
(15.2)
65.8
(18.8)
74.0
(23.3)
80.4
(26.9)
86.5
(30.3)
89.3
(31.8)
87.8
(31.0)
83.3
(28.5)
75.0
(23.9)
66.2
(19.0)
59.0
(15.0)
73.5
(23.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 45.6
(7.6)
48.4
(9.1)
54.5
(12.5)
62.9
(17.2)
70.4
(21.3)
77.5
(25.3)
80.9
(27.2)
79.6
(26.4)
74.9
(23.8)
64.9
(18.3)
55.1
(12.8)
48.7
(9.3)
63.6
(17.6)
Average low °F (°C) 35.2
(1.8)
37.5
(3.1)
43.1
(6.2)
51.8
(11.0)
60.5
(15.8)
68.5
(20.3)
72.5
(22.5)
71.4
(21.9)
66.5
(19.2)
54.8
(12.7)
44.0
(6.7)
38.4
(3.6)
53.7
(12.1)
Record low °F (°C) 0
(−18)
9
(−13)
12
(−11)
25
(−4)
33
(1)
45
(7)
54
(12)
54
(12)
44
(7)
24
(−4)
19
(−7)
−5
(−21)
−5
(−21)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.96
(101)
3.50
(89)
3.79
(96)
3.35
(85)
4.20
(107)
5.24
(133)
6.18
(157)
7.48
(190)
7.45
(189)
4.13
(105)
3.55
(90)
3.68
(93)
56.51
(1,435)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.4
(1.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.6
(1.5)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.4 9.8 10.3 8.3 10.4 11.8 13.0 13.7 10.8 9.5 9.3 10.4 127.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
Source: NOAA[15][16]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
187060
18809456.7%
189017080.9%
190030981.8%
191050563.4%
192065629.9%
193078319.4%
194087311.5%
19503,960353.6%
196013,491240.7%
197016,28920.7%
198018,23712.0%
199030,01364.6%
200066,715122.3%
201070,1455.1%
202072,7233.7%
2021 (est.)72,876[17]0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]
2020[17]

2020 census

Jacksonville racial composition[19]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 38,661 53.16%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 12,728 17.5%
Native American 334 0.46%
Asian 2,358 3.24%
Pacific Islander 432 0.59%
Other/Mixed 4,670 6.42%
Hispanic or Latino 13,540 18.62%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 72,723 people, 21,986 households, and 15,491 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the census[2] of 2000, 66,715 people, 17,175 households, and 13,533 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,500.0 people per square mile (579.1/km2). The 18,312 housing units averaged 411.7 per square mile (159.0/km2). The racial composition of the city was 63.94% White, 23.96% African American, 2.07% Asian, 0.75% Native American, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 5.42% some other race, and 3.67% two or more races. As of 2009, the estimated population for the city was 80,542.

Of the 17,175 households, 49.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were not families. About 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.8

In the city, the population was distributed as 24.3% under the age of 18, 36.3% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 8.8% from 45 to 64, and 4.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. Jacksonville has been named the youngest city in the nation (lowest median age) on various lists. For every 100 females, there were 156.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 178.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,544, and for a family was $33,763. Males had a median income of $17,121 versus $19,931 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,237. About 12.5% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 17.7% of those age 65 or over.

The 2013 population estimate was 69,079, with 67.7% identifying as White and 20.0% identifying as Black or African-American. The median household income for 2009-2013 was $42,459.

Economy

Jacksonville economic development office
Jacksonville economic development office

Top employers

According to the city's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 United States Department of Defense 1000+
2 Onslow County Schools 1000+
3 Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune 1000+
4 Onslow Memorial Hospital 1000+
5 Onslow County 1000+
6 Walmart 1000+
7 Coastal Carolina Community College 500-999
8 Convergys 500-999
9 City of Jacksonville 500-999
10 Food Lion 250-499
11 Coastal Enterprises 250-499
12 McDonald's 250-499
13 Lowe's 250-499
14 Alorica 250-499
15 Stanadyne 250-499

Law and government

The current mayor of Jacksonville is Sammy Phillips.

City council

The current postmaster of Jacksonville is Jamie Thompson.

Education

Public schools

Onslow County Schools serves the city, except for Marine Corps Air Station New River, which, along with Camp Lejeune, is served by Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) schools.[21]

Alternative School

Elementary Schools

Middle Schools

High Schools

MCAS New River is zoned to Delalio Elementary School in MCAS New River and Brewster Middle School and Lejeune High School in Camp Lejeune.[22]

Private schools

Public magnet schools

Higher education

Charter school

Transportation

In 2009, the Jacksonville metropolitan statistical area ranked as the ninth-highest in the United States for ratio of commuters who walked to work (8.1%).[23]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Jacksonville city, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  5. ^ "Best Places to Live 2010 - Top 25: Youngest - from MONEY Magazine". money.cnn.com. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  6. ^ a b c "History of Jacksonville | Jacksonville, NC - Official Website". www.jacksonvillenc.gov. Retrieved November 6, 2022.
  7. ^ Mercantini, Jonathan (2002). "The Great Carolina Hurricane of 1752". The South Carolina Historical Magazine. 103 (4): 351–365. ISSN 0038-3082.
  8. ^ "New River, Battle of | NCpedia". www.ncpedia.org. Retrieved November 6, 2022.
  9. ^ "History". www.lejeune.marines.mil. Retrieved November 6, 2022.
  10. ^ "Camp Lejeune | NCpedia". www.ncpedia.org. Retrieved November 6, 2022.
  11. ^ "Camp Lejeune, NC | History". www.camplejeunehousing.com. Retrieved November 6, 2022.
  12. ^ "Jacksonville, North Carolina Employment". citytowninfo.com. Retrieved November 6, 2022.
  13. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  14. ^ Weston, Annette (December 5, 2019). "Jacksonville may be first U.S. city to make anniversary of 13th Amendment a city holiday". WCTI. Retrieved October 8, 2022.
  15. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  16. ^ "Station: New River MCAF, NC". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  17. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Jacksonville city, North Carolina". www.census.gov. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 24, 2021.
  20. ^ City of Jacksonville CAFR Archived April 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Onslow County, NC" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2022. - Text list - "Camp Lejeune Schools" refers to the DoDEA schools.
  22. ^ "Camp Lejeune Community Schools Attendance Areas" (PDF). Department of Defense Education Activity. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
  23. ^ "Commuting in the United States: 2009" (PDF). American Community Survey Reports. September 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 26, 2017. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  24. ^ Jacksonville city, North Carolina
  25. ^ https://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/B/BraxDa20.htm. Pro Football Reference. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  26. ^ https://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/D/DunaDa20.htm. Pro Football Reference. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  27. ^ https://www.basketball-reference.com/players/e/evansja02.html. Basketball Reference. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  28. ^ http://www.thebaseballcube.com/players/profile.asp?ID=11492. The Baseball Cube. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  29. ^ "Jacksonville astronaut Christina Koch to conduct additional spacewalks". WNCT. October 11, 2019. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  30. ^ https://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/P/PurvAn20.htm. Pro Football Reference. Retrieved November 24, 2018.

Further reading