Washington, North Carolina
Washington from the corner of Stewart Street and West Main Street
Washington from the corner of Stewart Street and West Main Street
Flag of Washington, North Carolina
Official seal of Washington, North Carolina
Nickname(s): 
Little Washington, Original Washington
Washington is located in North Carolina
Washington
Washington
Location within the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°33′13″N 77°03′16″W / 35.55361°N 77.05444°W / 35.55361; -77.05444
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyBeaufort
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager form of government
 • MayorDonald Sadler
Area
 • Total9.02 sq mi (23.37 km2)
 • Land8.19 sq mi (21.21 km2)
 • Water0.83 sq mi (2.16 km2)
Elevation7 ft (2 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total9,875
 • Density1,205.74/sq mi (465.55/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
27889
Area code252
FIPS code37-71220[3]
GNIS feature ID2405682[2]
Websitewww.washingtonnc.gov

Washington is a city in Beaufort County, North Carolina, United States, located on the northern bank of the Pamlico River. The population was 9,875 at the 2020 census.[4] It is the county seat of Beaufort County.[5] It is commonly known as "Original Washington" or "Little Washington" to distinguish it from Washington, D.C.[6][7] The closest major city is Greenville, approximately 20 miles (32 km) to the west.

Established in 1776 on land donated by Col. James Bonner, Washington is the first city named after George Washington, the first president of the United States.[8]

History

Washington Municipal Building

The settlement at the current location of the city was founded in the 1770s by James Bonner on his land and was known as Forks of the Tar. In 1776, it was renamed Washington. During the American Revolutionary War, Washington served as a supply port when major neighboring ports were under British siege.[9]

Geography

Climate

Climate data for Washington, North Carolina (1981–2010 normals),[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 53.8
(12.1)
56.9
(13.8)
63.8
(17.7)
72.8
(22.7)
80.5
(26.9)
87.3
(30.7)
89.7
(32.1)
88.3
(31.3)
83.2
(28.4)
74.1
(23.4)
65.6
(18.7)
56.8
(13.8)
72.7
(22.6)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 34.2
(1.2)
36.4
(2.4)
41.9
(5.5)
50.3
(10.2)
59.3
(15.2)
68.5
(20.3)
72.5
(22.5)
70.9
(21.6)
65.4
(18.6)
53.5
(11.9)
44.5
(6.9)
35.7
(2.1)
52.8
(11.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.85
(98)
3.32
(84)
4.22
(107)
3.14
(80)
4.11
(104)
4.44
(113)
5.45
(138)
5.22
(133)
5.81
(148)
3.28
(83)
3.2
(81)
3.26
(83)
49.3
(1,250)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.5
(1.3)
0.4
(1.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(2.0)
2
(5.1)
Source: NOAA (Monthly Climate Normals)[10]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18502,015
18601,599−20.6%
18702,09431.0%
18802,46217.6%
18903,54544.0%
19004,84236.6%
19106,21128.3%
19206,3141.7%
19307,03511.4%
19408,56921.8%
19509,69813.2%
19609,9392.5%
19708,961−9.8%
19808,418−6.1%
19909,0757.8%
20009,5835.6%
20109,7441.7%
20209,8751.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2020 census

Washington Racial Composition[12]
Race Num. Perc.
White 4,483 45.4%
Black or African American 4,252 43.06%
Native American 20 0.2%
Asian 73 0.74%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 332 3.36%
Hispanic or Latino 714 7.23%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 9,875 people, 4,038 households, and 2,251 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 9,744 people and 4,246 households in the city. The population density was 1,190.0 inhabitants per square mile (459.5/km2). There were 4,754 housing units at an average density of 580.5 per square mile (224.1/km2). The racial composition of the city was: 49.0% White, 45.50% Black or African American, 5.5% Hispanic or Latino American, 0.5% Asian American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 1.50% two or more races.

There were 4,754 households, out of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.3% were married couples living together, 21.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 70.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,057, and the median income for a family was $30,280. Males had a median income of $26,053 versus $21,641 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,319. About 23.3% of families and 28.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.8% of those under age 18 and 19.3% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

Map of Washington during the American Civil War
North Carolina Estuarium

Washington has a range of historical buildings and landmarks, with some dating back to colonial and Victorian eras.[13] Historic sites include the Bank of Washington, West End Branch, Beaufort County Courthouse, Bowers-Tripp House, North Market Street Historic District, Rosedale, Washington Historic District, and Zion Episcopal Church are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[14]

A Farmer's and Artisan's Market is held regularly on the town's green areas on the waterfront.

The North Carolina Estuarium along the Pamlico River holds more than 200 scientific and historic exhibits relating to the ecology of North Carolina's estuaries, the Tar-Pamlico River and Pamlico Sound. The Estuarium also includes a 3/4 mile boardwalk along the Pamlico River.

The Turnage Theatre, a restored building with a historic vaudeville theater and movie theater, reopened in the downtown area in 2014 and hosts plays and other live entertainment.[15] Between 1993 and 2017 a downtown music and art festival called "Music in the Streets" was held every third Friday during summer to attract people to downtown shops and restaurants.[16]

A cannonball from the Union attack on Washington during the American Civil War is displayed in an attorney's office on Water Street, and many nearby towns also contain Civil War artifacts and museums. Civil War re-enactors meet in the outskirts of Washington every year.

BHM Regional Library operates the Washington Public Library.[17]

Education

Public education is administered by Beaufort County Schools. Schools located in Washington include:

Media

Print

The Washington Daily News was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Meritorious Public Service in 1990 for a series of stories concerning local water contamination, making it the smallest daily newspaper in history to win the award.[citation needed]

In 2009, the newspaper The Beaufort Observer went from a bi-monthly print publication to an online publication.

Television

Beaufort County Courthouse

WITN is licensed to Washington.[citation needed]

Radio

The following radio stations are licensed to Washington:

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.

References

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Washington, North Carolina
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Washington city, North Carolina - Census Bureau Profile". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ "Washington | Beaufort County North Carolina". co.beaufort.nc.us. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  7. ^ Sutton Anders, Robin (July 22, 2020). "5 Ways to Spend a Weekend in Little Washington". Our State Magazine.
  8. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". City of Washington Official Website. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
  9. ^ "History". City of Washington, North Carolina. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
  10. ^ "NOAA 1981-2010 Climate Normals". NOAA Regional Climate Centers. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 7, 2021.
  13. ^ Rumley, Vail Stewart (April 19, 2018). "Historic walking tour a great way to experience Washington". Washington Daily News. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
  14. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  15. ^ "Arts of the Pamlico celebrates mortgage pay off on Turnage Theatre". WITN. June 7, 2018. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
  16. ^ Rumley, Vail Stewart (February 21, 2017). "WHDA suspends Music in the Streets". Washington Daily News. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
  17. ^ "Washington". BHM Regional Library. October 12, 2016. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  18. ^ "Early College High School". Beaufort County Schools. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  19. ^ "Eastern Elementary School". Beaufort County Schools. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  20. ^ "J.C. Tayloe Elementary School". Beaufort County Schools. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  21. ^ "John Small Elementary School". Beaufort County Schools. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  22. ^ "P.S. Jones Middle School". Beaufort County Schools. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
  23. ^ "Washington High School". Beaufort County Schools. Retrieved June 18, 2022.