Newland, North Carolina
Avery County Courthouse
Avery County Courthouse
Official seal of Newland, North Carolina
Location of Newland, North Carolina
Location of Newland, North Carolina
Coordinates: 36°05′17″N 81°55′38″W / 36.08806°N 81.92722°W / 36.08806; -81.92722
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
Named forWilliam C. Newland
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorDerek A. Roberts
 • Total0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)
 • Land0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation3,609 ft (1,100 m)
 • Total715
 • Density955.88/sq mi (369.20/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code828
FIPS code37-46740[4]
GNIS feature ID2406987[3]

Newland is a town in Avery County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 698 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Avery County.[5] It is the highest, by elevation, county seat east of the Mississippi River.[6][7]


Before its founding, the area was known as "Old Fields of Toe". It was an early muster ground in the campaign against Indians and before the Battle of Kings Mountain. On November 9, 1783, the land was granted to Colonel Waightstill Avery.[1][8]

The name comes from the legend of Estatoe, pronounced 'S - ta - toe', about an Indian chief's daughter who fell in love with a warrior of a rival tribe. Because their love could never be accepted by either's families, they jumped from a precipice into the depths of a nearby river. In an alternative version, their love caused a bloody war between the tribes and Estatoe crafted a peace pipe with two stems in which both chiefs could smoke at once. The two rival chiefs assembled their respective followers on the bank of the river, and smoked till peace was concluded and Estatoe married her lover.[8]

In 1899, the Linville River Railway (LRR) began rail service in the area, with a flag stop at "Old Fields".[9] In 1911, upon the establishment of Avery County, Old Fields of Toe was designated as the site for the county seat and was renamed Newland, after the North Carolina Lieutenant Governor William C. Newland. In 1912, the Newland Post Office was established; while in 1913, the Avery County Courthouse and Avery County Jail opened (both in the National Register of Historic Places).[1][8][10][11] In that same year, Newland was incorporated as a town. In 1914, the East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (ET&WNC), successor of the LRR, opened the Newland Depot, which was equipped with telephone and telegraph services; burned down in 1921, but was soon rebuilt and continued operations till 1940.[12][13]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), all land.

The East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad ("Tweetsie") passed through the town until 1940.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

2020 census

Newland racial composition[15]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 560 78.32%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 14 1.96%
Native American 9 1.26%
Asian 4 0.56%
Other/Mixed 36 5.03%
Hispanic or Latino 92 12.87%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 715 people, 388 households, and 178 families residing in the town.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 704 people, 334 households, and 207 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,044.4 inhabitants per square mile (403.2/km2). There were 363 housing units at an average density of 538.5 per square mile (207.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 99.01% White, 0.99% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.

There were 334 households, out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.63.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 20.3% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $24,375, and the median income for a family was $33,875. Males had a median income of $22,917 versus $24,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,344. About 16.3% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 21.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ a b c "North Carolina Gazetteer". Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  2. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Newland, North Carolina
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ "Highest and Lowest Elevations | U.S. Geological Survey". Retrieved May 17, 2024.
  7. ^ "U.S. County Seat List Spreadsheet Table". Retrieved May 17, 2024.
  8. ^ a b c Arthur, John Preston (1914). Western North Carolina : a history (from 1730 to 1913) (PDF). Asheville, NC: The Edward Buncombe Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. p. 213.
  9. ^ "Linville River Railway". North Carolina Railroads. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  10. ^ "Avery County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  11. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  12. ^ "Newland's History". Town of Newland. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  13. ^ "East Tennessee & Western North Carolina Railroad". North Carolina Railroads. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved December 19, 2021.
  16. ^ Dobner, Jennifer (August 9, 2008). "Bernann McKinney, Joyce McKinney: Cloned puppies and a mormon sex slave? > Is the woman who cloned her puppies the same one who held a mormon missionary hostage 31 years ago?". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 24, 2009. Joyce McKinney surfaced again in Utah in May 1984 and was arrested for allegedly stalking the workplace of the same Mormon man she was accused of imprisoning in England. News reports say that police found a length of rope and handcuffs in the trunk of McKinney's car, along with notebooks detailing the man's daily activities.