Louisburg, North Carolina
Location of Louisburg, North Carolina
Location of Louisburg, North Carolina
Coordinates: 36°6′1″N 78°17′56″W / 36.10028°N 78.29889°W / 36.10028; -78.29889Coordinates: 36°6′1″N 78°17′56″W / 36.10028°N 78.29889°W / 36.10028; -78.29889
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyFranklin
Established1779
Named forKing Louis XVI of France
Government
 • TypeTown Council
 • MayorChristopher L. Neal (D)
Area
 • Total2.78 sq mi (7.20 km2)
 • Land2.78 sq mi (7.19 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation220 ft (70 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,064
 • Density1,100/sq mi (430/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
27549
Area code(s)919 and 984
FIPS code37-39360[3]
GNIS feature ID0989040[2]
Websitehttp://townoflouisburg.org/

Louisburg is a town in Franklin County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2020 census, the town population was 3,064. It is the county seat of Franklin County.[4] The town is located approximately 29 miles northeast of the state capital, Raleigh, and located about 31 miles south of the Virginia border. It is also the home of Louisburg College, the oldest two-year coeducational college in the United States.

History

Louisburg was established in the 1779 and named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, who was aiding the American Revolution at the time. Louisburg was established on land purchased for the erection of a courthouse.[5]

In June 1965, the local newspaper and radio station publicized the names and addresses of African-American families who had applied to attend white schools in Franklin County.[6] The families were attacked on numerous occasions by white extremists, who fired into their homes or destroyed their cars.[7] In the summer of 1966, a series of cross burnings were perpetrated by the Ku Klux Klan in Franklin County, including one in front of the County Board of Education in Louisburg.[8]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), all land.

Climate

Like the rest of eastern North Carolina, Louisburg has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), with cool to mild winters and hot, humid summers. Rainfall - which is mainly produced by afternoon thunderstorms - is highest in the summer months. Snowfall is light and infrequent, with an average of 1.7 inches (4.32 cm) per year.

Climate data for Louisburg, North Carolina (1991-2020 normals, extremes 1893–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28)
84
(29)
93
(34)
96
(36)
102
(39)
105
(41)
107
(42)
106
(41)
106
(41)
101
(38)
88
(31)
80
(27)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 51.6
(10.9)
55.0
(12.8)
62.7
(17.1)
72.4
(22.4)
79.3
(26.3)
86.7
(30.4)
90.2
(32.3)
88.5
(31.4)
82.6
(28.1)
72.8
(22.7)
62.8
(17.1)
54.6
(12.6)
71.6
(22.0)
Daily mean °F (°C) 39.5
(4.2)
42.2
(5.7)
49.1
(9.5)
58.3
(14.6)
66.7
(19.3)
74.9
(23.8)
79.2
(26.2)
77.3
(25.2)
71.2
(21.8)
59.6
(15.3)
49.1
(9.5)
42.6
(5.9)
59.1
(15.1)
Average low °F (°C) 27.5
(−2.5)
29.5
(−1.4)
35.5
(1.9)
44.2
(6.8)
54.1
(12.3)
63.1
(17.3)
68.1
(20.1)
66.2
(19.0)
59.9
(15.5)
46.4
(8.0)
35.4
(1.9)
30.5
(−0.8)
46.7
(8.2)
Record low °F (°C) −10
(−23)
−6
(−21)
6
(−14)
18
(−8)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
41
(5)
37
(3)
23
(−5)
16
(−9)
11
(−12)
−4
(−20)
−10
(−23)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 3.74
(95)
2.86
(73)
4.06
(103)
3.48
(88)
3.71
(94)
4.70
(119)
4.85
(123)
5.51
(140)
4.91
(125)
3.56
(90)
3.43
(87)
3.48
(88)
48.29
(1,225)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.9
(2.3)
0.4
(1.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
1.7
(4.32)
Source: NOAA[9]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870750
1880730−2.7%
1890667−8.6%
19001,17876.6%
19101,77550.7%
19201,95410.1%
19302,18211.7%
19402,3095.8%
19502,54510.2%
19602,86212.5%
19702,9412.8%
19803,23810.1%
19903,037−6.2%
20003,1112.4%
20103,3598.0%
20203,064−8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2020 census

Louisburg racial composition[11]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 1,446 47.19%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,261 41.16%
Native American 14 0.46%
Asian 41 1.34%
Other/Mixed 111 3.62%
Hispanic or Latino 191 6.23%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,064 people, 1,250 households, and 798 families residing in the town.

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 3,359 people, 1,197 households, and 654 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,199.6 people per square mile (460.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 47.3% White, 46.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.5% of the population.

There were 1,197 households, out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.6% were married couples living together, 20.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.4% were non-families. 40.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 21.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 29.4% under the age of 20, 10.7% from 20 to 24, 15.8% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 21.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $27,325, and the median income for a family was $72,583. Males had a median income of $49,375 versus $35,104 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,529. About 15.7% of families and 23.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 19.8% of those age 65 or over.

Housing

There were 1,345 housing units at an average density of 480.4 per square mile (184.2/km2). 11.0% of housing units were vacant.

There were 1,197 occupied housing units in the town. 511 were owner-occupied units (42.7%), while 686 were renter-occupied (57.3%). The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.7% of total units. The rental unit vacancy rate was 5.5%.[3]

Arts and culture

Historic sites

Cascine, Cooke House, Dean Farm, Franklin County Training School-Riverside Union School, Fuller House, Green Hill House, Louisburg Historic District, Main Building, Louisburg College, Massenburg Plantation, Person Place, Portridge, Rose Hill, Patty Person Taylor House, Thomas and Lois Wheless House, and Williamson House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[12][13]

Franklin County Library

The county's main, or central, library is the Franklin County Library, located in Louisburg.[14][15] There are three branches in other municipalities across the county as well as an outreach program through the Bookmobile.[14]

Government

Louisburg is governed by a mayor and town council.[16] The town council has seven elected members, who all live within the Louisburg corporate limits. Councilmembers serve four year terms.[17] The mayor is Christopher Neal, who was elected in 2021.[18]

Education

Franklin County Schools

The main office buildings of Franklin County Schools are located at 53 West River Road, Louisburg NC 27549 (919-496-2600) in the former Franklin County Training School-Riverside Union School. Franklin County Schools (FCS) consists of 15 schools and more than 8,500 students serving the towns of Franklinton, Louisburg, Youngsville and Bunn, North Carolina. Of the 15 existing schools, there are eight elementary schools, three middle schools, three high schools and one alternative school. The school district also consists of traditional and a year-round school which is located at Youngsville Elementary School. For more information on Franklin County Schools contact the web site at www.fcschools.net.

Louisburg College

A two-year residential college located in Louisburg, North Carolina, that focuses on getting students ready for the next step to a four-year school offering baccalaureate degrees. The three degree programs offered: an Associate in Arts (general college degree), an Associate in Science (general science degree), and an Associate in Business degree. It also offers these special programs: Academy (tutoring support for ALL students), the Learning Partners Program (for students with learning disabilities and/or ADHD), and the Crossroads Program (for first-year students as they handle the transition from high school). Louisburg College has comprehensive transfer agreements with many public and private colleges and universities, including the 16 branches of the University of North Carolina system, that allow Louisburg College graduates to make a seamless transition upon entering four-year schools as full-fledged juniors.

Infrastructure

Louisburg Police Department

The Louisburg Police Department was founded in 1779.[citation needed]

Notable person

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Louisburg, North Carolina
  3. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-01-16.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ http://www.mynorthcarolinagenealogy.com/nc_county/fr.htm[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Scribe Details KKK Activities in N. Carolina". Chicago Defender. 21 May 1966.
  7. ^ Hatch, Richard (28 May 1966). "Bullets Ripped Their Homes after Newspaper and Radio Revealed Transfer Requests". New Journal and Guide (Norfolk).
  8. ^ "Franklin's Klan 'Burns' Over School Integration". New Journal and Guide (Norfolk). 23 July 1966.
  9. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 23, 2021.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-23.
  12. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  13. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 1/03/12 through 1/06/12. National Park Service. 2012-01-13.
  14. ^ a b NC Cardinal, Franklin County Library System, Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  15. ^ Franklin County, North Carolina - Franklin County Library, Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  16. ^ "Government". Town of Louisburg. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  17. ^ "Town Council". Town of Louisburg. Retrieved June 23, 2022.
  18. ^ The Butner-Creedmoor News, Franklin County election results: Neal wins race for Louisburg mayor, Staff Reports, November 2, 2021., Retrieved Mar. 28, 2022.
  19. ^ "NC Historical Marker". Archived from the original on 2012-02-06. Retrieved 2010-10-08.