Churchill C. Cambreleng
United States Minister to Russia
In office
September 21, 1840 – July 13, 1841
PresidentMartin Van Buren
William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
Preceded byGeorge M. Dallas
Succeeded byCharles S. Todd
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York
In office
December 3, 1821 – March 3, 1839
Preceded byHenry Meigs
Peter H. Wendover
Succeeded byMoses H. Grinnell
Edward Curtis
James Monroe
Ogden Hoffman
Constituency2nd district (1821–23)
3rd district (1823–39)
Personal details
Born(1786-10-24)October 24, 1786
Washington, North Carolina, U.S.
DiedApril 30, 1862(1862-04-30) (aged 75)
West Neck, New York
Resting placeGreen-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Crawford Republican
Free Soil Party
SpousePhebe Glover (m. 1835-1862, his death)

Churchill Caldom Cambreleng (October 24, 1786 – April 30, 1862) was an American businessman and politician from New York. He is notable for his service in the United States House of Representatives from 1821 to 1839, including terms as chairman of several high-profile committees. In addition, he served as U.S. Minister to Russia from 1840 to 1841.


Historical marker designating the birth city of Cambreleng

C. C. Cambreleng was born in Washington, Beaufort County, North Carolina on October 24, 1786, the son of Stephen Cambreleng and Ann (Patten) Cambreleng.[1] He attended school in New Bern, North Carolina, and moved to New York City in 1802.[1]

Intending to begin a career as a businessman, Cambreleng worked as a clerk in a mercantile counting room.[2] In 1806 he moved to Providence, Rhode Island, where he was the chief clerk for a merchant with interests in the Pacific Northwest.[2] After the death of his employer, Cambreleng intended to pursue a business opportunity in New Orleans, but was unable to remain there because of ongoing combat during the War of 1812.[3]

He then returned to New York City, where he was employed by John Jacob Astor.[2] Cambreleng traveled throughout Europe and Asia while handling commercial opportunities for himself and Astor, and he eventually became wealthy as a result of his business success.[2]

Cambreleng was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the 17th, and was re-elected as a Crawford Democratic-Republican to the 18th, as a Jacksonian to the 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd and 24th, and as a Democrat to the 25th United States Congress, holding office from December 3, 1821 to March 3, 1839.[1] He was Chairman of the Commerce Committee (20th to 22nd Congresses), Foreign Affairs Committee (23rd Congress) and Ways and Means Committee (24th and 25th Congresses).[2]

During the 22nd United States Congress, Cambreleng was critical of Louis McLane's report regarding the Second Bank of the United States, writing "The Treasury report is as bad as it can possibly be—a new version of Alexander Hamilton's reports on a National Bank and manufacturers, and totally unsuited to this age of democracy and reform."[4]

Upon its incorporation in 1831, he became the first President of the Saratoga and Schenectady Railroad.[1]

President Martin Van Buren appointed him United States Minister to Russia in 1840 and he served until 1841.[2] He was a delegate from Suffolk County to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1846.[1]

He attended the 1848 Democratic National Convention in Baltimore as a Barnburner but withdrew with his faction, and participated in the nomination of Van Buren as the candidate of the Free Soil Party.[1] Later he rejoined the Democrats and supported Franklin Pierce for president in 1852.[1]

Death and burial

Cambreleng died in West Neck, Suffolk County, New York on April 30, 1862.[2] He was buried at Brooklyn's Green-Wood Cemetery, Section 73, Lot 4150.[5]


In 1835, Cambreleng married Phebe Glover, the daughter of New York City merchant John J. Glover.[6] They remained married until Cambreleng's death, and had no children.[7]






U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byHenry Meigs, Peter H. Wendover Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 2nd congressional district 1821–1823 with John J. Morgan 1821–23 Succeeded byJacob Tyson Preceded byJeremiah H. Pierson Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 3rd congressional district 1823–1839 with Peter Sharpe 1823–25, John J. Morgan 1823–25 and 1834–35, Jeromus Johnson 1825–29, Gulian C. Verplanck 1825–33, Campbell P. White 1829–35, Dudley Selden 1833–34, Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence 1833–34, Charles G. Ferris 1834–35, Gideon Lee 1835–37, John McKeon 1835–37, Ely Moore 1835–39, Edward Curtis 1837–39, and Ogden Hoffman 1837–39 Succeeded byMoses H. Grinnell, Edward Curtis, James Monroe, Ogden Hoffman Diplomatic posts Preceded byGeorge M. Dallas United States Ambassador to Russia 1840–1841 Succeeded byCharles S. Todd