Cayce, South Carolina
City Hall
City Hall
Motto(s): 
"A new kind of city"
Cayce is located in South Carolina
Cayce
Cayce
Location in South Carolina
Cayce is located in the United States
Cayce
Cayce
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°57′48″N 81°4′0″W / 33.96333°N 81.06667°W / 33.96333; -81.06667Coordinates: 33°57′48″N 81°4′0″W / 33.96333°N 81.06667°W / 33.96333; -81.06667
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountiesLexington; Richland
Government
 • MayorElise Partin
Area
 • Total17.58 sq mi (45.52 km2)
 • Land16.80 sq mi (43.52 km2)
 • Water0.77 sq mi (2.00 km2)
Elevation233 ft (71 m)
Population
 • Total13,789
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
14,009
 • Density827.17/sq mi (319.37/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
29033, 29169, 29170, 29171, 29172[5]
Area code(s)803, 839
FIPS code45-12655[6]
GNIS feature ID1247197[2]
Websitecityofcayce-sc.gov

Cayce (/ˈksi/ KAY-see)[7] is a city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, along the Congaree River. The population was 12,528 at the 2010 census[8] and rose to 13,789 in the 2020 United States Census,[9] and it is the third-most populated municipality in Lexington County.[10] The city is primarily in Lexington County, with additional, predominantly rural land to the east in Richland County.[11] Cayce is part of the Columbia Metropolitan Statistical Area and is within South Carolina's Midlands region.

History

What was to become Cayce was home to Native Americans for at least 12,000 years.[12] This includes what are now known as the Manning Archeological Site, the SAM Site, and the Taylor Site.[13]

Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto reached the area in 1540, encountering a large Native village at Congaree Creek, where Cayce now stands.[12] Near the end of the 17th century, the explorer John Lawson visited and documented his trip.[12] In 1718, during the colonial period, the English built the first permanent fort, the first structure built in the Midlands. A second fort was built on the river in 1748. These were referred to as Congaree Fort #1 and Congaree Fort #2[12] and became part of the Congarees Site in 1974.[13][14]

One of the kilns from the Guignard Brick Works, established in 1803
One of the kilns from the Guignard Brick Works, established in 1803

The Guignard Brick Works were established on the west bank of the Congaree in 1803 and remained active for nearly two centuries.[12]

The town includes the area that was once Granby, at one time the county seat and a flourishing community before it was abandoned by the end of the first quarter of the nineteenth century.[15]

The town was incorporated in 1914 and named for local businessman William J. Cayce.

In December 2007, the city council voted to annex a 3,100-acre (13 km2) floodplain in Richland County. Prior to this annexation, Cayce was entirely situated within Lexington County.[16] The city planned to develop the annexed area, but after significant evaluations the city abandoned the project after determining that development was not suitable in the flood-prone area, leaving Cayce with a sizeable piece of sparely-populated land.[17]

The city of Columbia as seen from Cayce, over the Congaree River
The city of Columbia as seen from Cayce, over the Congaree River

Geography

Still Hopes, built in 1910
Still Hopes, built in 1910

Cayce is in eastern Lexington County and western Richland County, with the traditional center of town on the west side of the Congaree River at 33°58'29" north, 81°3'6" west.[18] The Congaree divides the city from the state capital, Columbia, to the northeast.[11] Cayce is also bordered by the city of West Columbia to the north, the town of Springdale to the northwest,[19] and the town of Pine Ridge to the southwest.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.6 square miles (45.5 km2), of which 16.8 square miles (43.5 km2) are land and 0.77 square miles (2.0 km2), or 4.38%, are water.[1]

Attractions

Exhibit of the Cayce Historical Museum
Exhibit of the Cayce Historical Museum

Cayce has several hiking trails throughout the city. All of its public attractions, with the exception of the Cayce Historical Museum, are free of charge.[20]

Economy

Knox Abbot Road in Cayce
Knox Abbot Road in Cayce
A corn field in the rural Richland County portion of the city
A corn field in the rural Richland County portion of the city

Cayce is the home of SCANA, the parent company of South Carolina Electric & Gas Company, Carolina Gas Transmission, Cayce Capital, PSNC Energy, and other subsidiaries operating in the southeastern United States.

Transportation

Public transportation

Bus system

Main article: The Comet (transit)

Public transportation in Cayce is provided by the COMET, or officially the Central Midlands Regional Transit Authority (CMRTA). The bus system has several routes in Cayce and is the main public transit system for the greater Columbia area.

Columbia Metropolitan Airport

Main article: Columbia Metropolitan Airport

The Columbia Metropolitan Airport (IATA:CAE) serves as the main airport system for the greater Columbia area, and is just west of the Cayce city limits. In 2018, the airport served 1,197,603 passengers with 12,324 flights. The airport is the regional hub for UPS Airlines, transporting 136.7 million pounds of freight/mail in 2018.[24] The airport was originally named "Lexington County Airport" and during World War II trained pilots for B-25 Mitchell crews.

Highways, roadways, and railways

Education

Main article: Lexington County School District Two

Public schools[b]
Type School Enrollment[25] Within

city limits

Elementary Cayce Elementary School 1,058 Yes
Middle Cyril B. Busbee Creative Arts Academy 418 Yes
Middle R. H. Fulmer Middle School 684 Yes
High Airport High School 1,348 Yes
High Brookland-Cayce High School 964 Yes
College Midlands Technical College, Airport campus 15,000[c][26] No

The Cayce-West Columbia branch of the Lexington County library serves the cities of Cayce and West Columbia.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920746
19301,26769.8%
19401,47616.5%
19503,294123.2%
19608,517158.6%
19709,96717.0%
198011,70117.4%
199011,163−4.6%
200012,1508.8%
201012,5283.1%
2019 (est.)14,009[4]11.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[27]

2020 census

Cayce racial composition[28]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 8,664 62.87%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,062 22.22%
Native American 34 0.25%
Asian 502 3.64%
Pacific Islander 1 0.01%
Other/Mixed 627 4.55%
Hispanic or Latino 891 6.47%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 13,781 people, 6,017 households, and 2,794 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the census[6] of 2000,[needs update] there were 12,150 people in the city, organized into 5,133 households and 3,079 families. The population density was 1,114.6 people per square mile (430.4/km2). There were 5,517 housing units at an average density of 506.1 per square mile (195.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.55% White, 22.50% African American, 1.08% Asian, 0.26% Native American, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 1.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,133 households, out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 20.7% under the age of 18, 14.1% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,850, and the median income for a family was $43,560. Males had a median income of $30,317 versus $24,408 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,745. 17.0% of the population and 9.9% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 20.0% of those under the age of 18 and 8.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.


Notes

  1. ^ Four miles of this trail are in the City of West Columbia.
  2. ^ Schools that are outside of Cayce's limits and inside another municipality's limits are not included in this list.
  3. ^ System wide

References

  1. ^ a b "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Cayce, South Carolina
  3. ^ "Cayce City Quick Facts". census.gov. U.S. Government. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ "Cayce, SC Zip Codes". ZipMap. 2020. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  6. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "Cayce". Dictionary.com Unabridged (Online). n.d. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  8. ^ "Total Population: 2010 Census DEC Summary File 1 (P1), Cayce city, South Carolina". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2020.
  9. ^ "Cayce City Quick Facts". census.gov. U.S. Government. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  10. ^ "Quick Facts: Cayce, South Carolina". United States Census Bureau. April 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  11. ^ a b "Cayce Municipal Limits Map" (PDF). Caycesc.gov. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d e ""Cradle of the Midlands": A Comprehensive History". City of Cayce. Archived from the original on 2016-01-17. Retrieved 2014-11-02.
  13. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  14. ^ "Congarees Site" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. Retrieved 2014-11-02.
  15. ^ Holliday, Claudette (August 29, 2008). Remembering Lexington, South Carolina: Good Stewards in a New Land. Arcadia Publishing. p. 31. ISBN 978-1-62584-881-9. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  16. ^ "Cayce Council OKs Vista Farms Annexation". Post and Courier. 2 January 2008. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  17. ^ "Cayce East project canceled". The State. 2 October 2009. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  18. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  19. ^ "Springdale Zoning Map" (PDF). Town of Springdale. 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  20. ^ a b c d "Cayce Riverwalk". Cayce Time for Life. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  21. ^ "Cayce-West Columbia Riverwalk". South Carolina Trails. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
  22. ^ "12,000 Year History Park". Cayce Tour for Life. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
  23. ^ "Congaree Creek Heritage Preserve". South Carolina Trails. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
  24. ^ FAA Airport Form 5010 for CAE PDF, effective 2007-12-20
  25. ^ "Report Cards". South Carolina Department of Education. 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  26. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). Lexington County Government. 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  27. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  28. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-13.