The Oregon Portal

State of Oregon
Map of the United States with Oregon highlighted
Map of the United States with Oregon highlighted

Oregon (/ˈɒrɪɡən/ (listen)) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the Western United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho. The 42° north parallel delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada.

Oregon has been home to many indigenous nations for thousands of years. The first European traders, explorers, and settlers began exploring what is now Oregon's Pacific coast in the early-mid 16th century. As early as 1564, the Spanish began sending vessels northeast from the Philippines, riding the Kuroshio Current in a sweeping circular route across the northern part of the Pacific. In 1592, Juan de Fuca undertook detailed mapping and studies of ocean currents in the Pacific Northwest, including the Oregon coast as well as the strait now bearing his name. Spanish ships – 250 in as many years – would typically not land before reaching Cape Mendocino in California, but some landed or wrecked in what is now Oregon. Nehalem tales recount strangers and the discovery of items like chunks of beeswax and a lidded silver vase, likely connected to the 1707 wreck of the San Francisco Xavier.

In 1843, an autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country, and the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state of the U.S. on February 14, 1859. Today, with 4 million people over 98,000 square miles (250,000 km2), Oregon is the ninth largest and 27th most populous U.S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second-most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U.S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which also includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168. (Full article...)

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Neon rose at the Visitors Information Center in Portland
The city of Portland, Oregon is ideal for growing roses outdoors due to its location within the marine west coast climate region, its warm, dry summers and rainy but mild winters, and its heavy clay soils. Portland has been known as the "City of Roses", or "Rose City", since 1888, after Madame Caroline Testout, a large pink variety of hybrid tea rose bred in France, was introduced to the city. Thousands of rose bushes were planted, eventually lining 20 miles (32 km) of Portland's streets in preparation for the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in 1905. The Rose City Park neighborhood in northeast Portland was formed in 1907, the same year of the first annual Portland Rose Festival. During World War I, nursery owners in Portland began planning a large rose garden to protect European rose species from the war. The garden was established in Washington Park as the International Rose Test Garden in 1917. Today, the Portland Rose Festival occurs each June with a carnival, parades, and navy ships docked along the Tom McCall Waterfront Park to promote the city. The International Rose Test Garden is currently one of the oldest public rose test gardens in the United States, covering 4.5 acres (1.8 ha) with over 8,000 rose plants and more than 550 different species. In 2003, Portland adopted the "City of Roses" as its official nickname.

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William W. Chapman
William Williams Chapman (August 11, 1808 – October 18, 1892) was an American politician and lawyer in Oregon and Iowa. In Iowa he served in the United States House of Representatives when it was still the Iowa Territory and as United States Attorney when it was still part of the Wisconsin Territory. The Virginia native was also a member of Iowa’s Constitutional Convention before he immigrated to the Oregon Country in 1847. The next year part of the region became the Oregon Territory and Chapman would serve in the Oregon Territorial Legislature in 1849. After settling in Portland he helped to found The Oregonian newspaper and promote economic interests in the city while practicing law. He also was involved with building Canyon Road near Portland, dabbled in cattle ranching, and fought in the Rogue River War in Southern Oregon. In later years he served in the Oregon Legislative Assembly and promoted the expansion of railroads from Portland and promoted maritime trade in the city. A park, Chapman Square, in downtown Portland is named for him and was built on land he sold to the city. Chapman school is also named in his honor.

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Pueblo Mountains, Oregon

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The following are images from various Oregon-related articles on Wikipedia.

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Portland Aerial Tram
Credit: Cacophony

The Portland Aerial Tram is an aerial tramway in Portland, Oregon, carrying commuters between the city's South Waterfront district and the main Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) campus, located on Marquam Hill, in the Homestead neighborhood. It is the second commuter aerial tramway in the United States (after New York City's Roosevelt Island Tramway).

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That's swell. I like ya, Lloyd. I always liked ya. You were always the best of 'em. Best god-damn bartender from Timbuktu to Portland, Maine - or Portland, Oregon for that matter. — Jack Torrance, played by Jack Nicholson in The Shining

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See also: Good articles relating to Oregon

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Featured pictures

  • Fredmeyer edit 1
    Fredmeyer edit 1
  • Hayden Bridge
    Hayden Bridge
  • Mount Hood reflected in Mirror Lake, Oregon
    Mount Hood reflected in Mirror Lake, Oregon
  • Oregon Convention Center Dusk 1 (edit)
    Oregon Convention Center Dusk 1 (edit)
  • Oregon state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876)
    Oregon state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876)
  • Portland Night panorama
    Portland Night panorama
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    Portland panorama3
  • WillametteRvrPano edit
    WillametteRvrPano edit

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  • Fredmeyer edit 1
    Fredmeyer edit 1
  • Mount Hood reflected in Mirror Lake, Oregon
    Mount Hood reflected in Mirror Lake, Oregon
  • Oregon Convention Center Dusk 1 (edit)
    Oregon Convention Center Dusk 1 (edit)
  • Oregon state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876)
    Oregon state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876)
  • Portland Night panorama
    Portland Night panorama
  • Portland panorama3
    Portland panorama3
  • Rogue River Oregon USA
    Rogue River Oregon USA
  • WillametteRvrPano edit
    WillametteRvrPano edit

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Lighthouse of Cape Meares, Oregon


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American beaver

Western meadowlark

Chinook salmon

Oregon grape

Oregon Swallowtail butterfly

Douglas fir




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This month's Collaboration of the Month projects: Women's History Month: Create or improve articles for women listed at Oregon Women of Achievement (modern) or Women of the West, Oregon chapter (historical)
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Coordinates: 44°00′N 120°30′W / 44°N 120.5°W / 44; -120.5