A county executive, county manager or county mayor is the head of the executive branch of government in a United States county.
The executive may be an elected or an appointed position. When elected, the executive typically functions either as a voting member of the elected county government, or may have veto power similar to other elected executives such as a governor, president or mayor. When appointed, the executive is usually hired for a specific period of time, but frequently can be dismissed prior to this. The position of an appointed county executive is analogous to that of a city manager (rather than that of an appointed governor common outside the U.S.), and is similar to a chief administrative officer, depending on the state. The executive is generally given full responsibility for the total operation of all departments based on general directives provided by the elected county government that hired the executive.
The title for a person holding this position is "County Executive" in many states but other titles are used, including "County Judge" (in Arkansas and Texas, and historically in Missouri and Tennessee), "County Judge/Executive" in Kentucky, and "Mayor" in some counties, and "County Mayor" in Hawaii and Tennessee.
|Alaska||Aleutians East, Anchorage Municipality, Bristol Bay, Denali, Fairbanks North Star, Haines, Juneau (City & Borough), Kenai Peninsula, Ketchikan Gateway, Kodiak Island, Lake and Peninsula, Matanuska-Susitna, North Slope, Northwest Arctic, Sitka (City & Borough), Skagway (City & Borough), Wrangell (City & Borough), Yakutat (City & Borough)||Alaska Constitution, Article X|
|Arkansas||Title is "county judge" in all counties (list)|
|California||Los Angeles (CEO), Orange (County Executive Officer), Sacramento, Santa Clara|
|Florida||Orange County (Mayor), Miami-Dade County (Mayor)|
|Georgia||Athens-Clarke (Mayor), DeKalb (CEO)|
|Kentucky||Counties are headed by an elected executive known as the County Judge/Executive.||Kentucky Constitution, Section 144|
|Maryland||Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Cecil, Frederick, Harford, Howard, Montgomery, Prince George's, Wicomico|
|Michigan||Bay, Macomb, Oakland, Wayne||Optional Unified Form of County Government, Charter Counties|
|Missouri||Jefferson Jackson St. Charles St. Louis (County)|
|New Jersey||Atlantic County Executive Bergen County Executive, Essex County Executive, Hudson County Executive, and Mercer County Executive are elected county executives; Union County has an appointed county manager.||Optional County Charter Law|
|New York||Albany, Broome, Chautauqua, Chemung, Dutchess, Erie, Monroe, Montgomery, Nassau County Executive, Oneida, Onondaga, Orange, Putnam, Rensselaer, Rockland, Schenectady (Manager), Suffolk, Ulster, Westchester County Executive||Municipal Home Rule Law|
|Ohio||Cuyahoga, Summit||Alternative County Government Law|
|Pennsylvania||Allegheny, Erie, Lehigh, Northampton||Home Rule Charter and Optional Plans Law|
|Tennessee||State law provides that counties are headed by an elected county executive who uses the title of "County Mayor." Exceptions are the three counties (Davidson, Moore, and Trousdale) that have consolidated city-county government, where the position is not used, and certain counties where a private act of the state legislature authorizes the executive to use the previous title of "county executive." Historically, the position was called "county judge."||Tennessee Code Annotated 5-6-101|
|Texas||Title is "county judge" or "County administrator" in all counties (list)|
|Utah||Salt Lake (Mayor)|
|Virginia||Albemarle, Fairfax, Prince William||Code of Virginia Title 15.2 Chapters 5-8|
|Washington||King, Pierce, Snohomish, Whatcom|
|Wisconsin||Brown, Dane, Fond du Lac, Kenosha, Manitowoc, Milwaukee, Outagamie, Portage, Racine, Waukesha, Winnebago||Wisconsin Constitution, Article IV, sections 23 and 23a|
((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)