Albemarle County
The Albemarle County Office Building
The Albemarle County Office Building
Official seal of Albemarle County
Map of Virginia highlighting Albemarle County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°02′N 78°34′W / 38.03°N 78.56°W / 38.03; -78.56
Country United States
State Virginia
Founded1744
Named forWillem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle[1]
SeatCharlottesville
Largest communityScottsville
Area
 • Total726 sq mi (1,880 km2)
 • Land721 sq mi (1,870 km2)
 • Water5 sq mi (10 km2)  0.7%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total112,395
 • Density150/sq mi (60/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district5th
Websitewww.albemarle.org

Albemarle County is a county located in the Piedmont region of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Its county seat is Charlottesville, which is an independent city and enclave entirely surrounded by the county.[2] Albemarle County is part of the Charlottesville Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2020 census, the population was 112,395.[3]

Albemarle County was created in 1744 from the western portion of Goochland County, though portions of Albemarle were later carved out to create other counties. Albemarle County was named in honor of Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle. Its most famous inhabitant was Thomas Jefferson, who built his estate home, Monticello, in the county.

History

Thomas Jefferson lived most of his life in Albemarle County
Thomas Jefferson lived most of his life in Albemarle County

At the time of European encounter, the inhabitants of the area that became Albemarle County were a Siouan-speaking tribe called the Saponi.[4] In 1744, the Virginia General Assembly created Albemarle County from the western portion of Goochland County.[5] The county was named in honor of Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle and titular Governor of Virginia at the time.[6] The large county was partitioned in 1761, forming Buckingham and Amherst counties, at which time the county seat was moved from the formerly central Scottsville to a piece of newly central land, christened Charlottesville.[6] In 1777, Albemarle County was divided and Fluvanna County established, finalizing the boundaries of modern Albemarle County.

Albemarle County is well known for its association with President and Founding Father Thomas Jefferson, who was born in the county at Shadwell, though it was then part of Goochland County.[7] However, his home of Monticello is located in the county.[8] When the American Revolutionary War started in 1775, Jefferson was made colonel of the Albemarle Militia.

During the Civil War, the Battle of Rio Hill was a skirmish in which Union cavalry raided a Confederate camp in Albemarle County, Virginia.

Until the Civil War, the majority of Albemarle County's population consisted of enslaved African Americans.[9]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 726 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 721 square miles (1,870 km2) is land and 5 square miles (13 km2) (0.7%) is water.[10]

Waterways

The Rivanna River's south fork forms in Albemarle County and was historically important for transportation. The south fork flows in-between Darden Towe Park and Pen Park. Boat ramp access is available at Darden Towe Park. The James River acts as a natural border between Albemarle and Buckingham Counties.

Major highways

I-64 in Albemarle County
I-64 in Albemarle County

Protected areas

Albemarle's western border with Augusta and Rockingham Counties is located within the Shenandoah National Park.

Adjacent counties

Albemarle County borders 8 other counties, more than any other county in Virginia.

Parks and recreation

[11]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
179012,585
180016,43930.6%
181018,26811.1%
182019,7508.1%
183022,61814.5%
184022,294−1.4%
185025,80015.7%
186026,6253.2%
187027,5443.5%
188032,61818.4%
189032,379−0.7%
190028,473−12.1%
191029,8714.9%
192026,005−12.9%
193026,9813.8%
194024,652−8.6%
195026,6628.2%
196030,96916.2%
197037,78022.0%
198055,78347.7%
199068,04022.0%
200079,23616.5%
201098,97024.9%
2020112,39513.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010[16] 2020[17]

2020 census

Albemarle County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[16] Pop 2020[17] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 77,130 80,335 77.93% 71.48%
Black or African American alone (NH) 9,487 9,793 9.59% 8.71%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 150 96 0.15% 0.09%
Asian alone (NH) 4,597 8,186 4.64% 7.28%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 42 44 0.04% 0.04%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 173 604 0.17% 0.54%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,974 4,884 1.99% 4.35%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 5,417 8,453 5.47% 7.52%
Total 98,970 112,395 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 Census

The largest self-reported ancestry groups in Albemarle County are English 16.3%, German 16.0%, Irish 12.7%, "American" 11.4% and Italian 5.2%.[18]

As of the census[19] of 2010, there were 98,970 people, 38,157 households, and 24,578 families residing in the county. The population density was 137 people per square mile (52.8/km2). There were 42,122 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile (22.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 80.6% White, 9.7% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. 5.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 38,157 households, out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 25.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 21.5% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females there were 92.69 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.59 males.

22% of Albemarle residents have a graduate or professional degree, compared with 10% nationwide.

The median income for a household in the county was $63,001, and the median income for a family was $98,934. Males had a median income of $55,530 versus $52,211 for females. The per capita income for the county was $36,718. About 3.8% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

35% of people working in Albemarle live in the county, while 65% commute in. 19% of those commuting in live in Charlottesville, while the remainder live in the surrounding counties. 26,800 people commute out of Albemarle for work. 48% of those commute to Charlottesville, making up 51% of Charlottesville's in-commuters. In 2018, Albemarle had a 2.7% unemployment rate, compared with a national rate of 3.9%.[20]

The top 10 employers as of Q2 2019 were:[20]

  1. University of Virginia
  2. County of Albemarle
  3. Sentara Healthcare
  4. U.S. Department of Defense
  5. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance
  6. Atlantic Coast Athletic Club
  7. Piedmont Virginia Community College
  8. Northrop Grumman Corporation
  9. Crutchfield Corporation
  10. Walmart

36% of workers in Albemarle are employed by the government, with 898 working for the federal government, 12,476 working for the state government (including the University of Virginia), and 4,127 working for the local government.[20]

Government

Albemarle is governed by an elected six-member Board of Supervisors. Management of the county is vested in a Board-appointed County Executive.[21]

Board of Supervisors of Albemarle County[22]
Name Party First election District
  Donna Price Dem 2019 Scottsville
  Diantha McKeel Dem 2013 Jack Jouett
  Liz Palmer Dem 2013 Samuel Miller
  Ned Gallaway Dem 2017 Rio
  Ann Mallek (Chair) Dem 2007 White Hall
  Bea LaPisto-Kirtley Dem 2019 Rivanna

There are also several elected Constitutional Officers:

The nonpartisan School Board is also elected. Its members are:[26]

Albemarle is represented by Republican Bryce Reeves and Democrat Creigh Deeds in the Virginia State Senate; Republicans Chris Runion, Rob Bell, and Matt Fariss and Democrat Sally L. Hudson represent the county in the Virginia House of Delegates. Republican Bob Good represents the county in the U.S. House of Representatives.

For much of the second half of the 20th century, Albemarle County was heavily Republican, like most of this part of Virginia. However, the Republican edge narrowed significantly in the 1990s, in part due to the influence of the University of Virginia. In 2004, John Kerry carried it by two points, becoming the first Democrat to win the county since 1948. It swung hard to Barack Obama in 2008, and since then has become one of the few Democratic bastions in central Virginia, though it is not as overwhelmingly Democratic as Charlottesville.

United States presidential election results for Albemarle County, Virginia[27][28]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 20,804 32.18% 42,466 65.68% 1,387 2.15%
2016 19,259 33.95% 33,345 58.78% 4,122 7.27%
2012 23,297 43.22% 29,757 55.20% 853 1.58%
2008 20,576 40.36% 29,792 58.43% 616 1.21%
2004 21,189 48.46% 22,088 50.51% 449 1.03%
2000 18,291 49.64% 16,255 44.12% 2,300 6.24%
1996 15,243 48.81% 14,089 45.12% 1,896 6.07%
1992 13,894 43.69% 13,886 43.66% 4,024 12.65%
1988 15,117 58.70% 10,363 40.24% 273 1.06%
1984 14,455 64.16% 7,982 35.43% 93 0.41%
1980 10,424 53.23% 7,293 37.24% 1,865 9.52%
1976 9,084 54.62% 7,310 43.95% 238 1.43%
1972 8,447 65.22% 4,303 33.23% 201 1.55%
1968 4,512 53.45% 2,255 26.71% 1,674 19.83%
1964 3,251 51.48% 3,062 48.49% 2 0.03%
1960 3,135 59.47% 2,102 39.87% 35 0.66%
1956 2,508 57.18% 1,412 32.19% 466 10.62%
1952 2,523 60.32% 1,642 39.25% 18 0.43%
1948 984 40.28% 1,178 48.22% 281 11.50%
1944 964 35.69% 1,725 63.87% 12 0.44%
1940 804 32.71% 1,648 67.05% 6 0.24%
1936 635 25.74% 1,825 73.98% 7 0.28%
1932 508 20.39% 1,949 78.24% 34 1.36%
1928 846 35.00% 1,571 65.00% 0 0.00%
1924 366 20.31% 1,383 76.75% 53 2.94%
1920 541 25.42% 1,587 74.58% 0 0.00%
1916 223 13.95% 1,376 86.05% 0 0.00%
1912 144 9.58% 1,215 80.84% 144 9.58%
1908 380 27.03% 999 71.05% 27 1.92%
1904 309 22.18% 1,069 76.74% 15 1.08%
1900 1,674 40.78% 2,411 58.73% 20 0.49%
1896 1,918 41.50% 2,628 56.86% 76 1.64%
1892 1,795 39.18% 2,757 60.18% 29 0.63%
1888 2,166 45.58% 2,573 54.15% 13 0.27%
1884 2,587 46.80% 2,941 53.20% 0 0.00%
1880 1,644 40.31% 2,432 59.64% 2 0.05%


Emergency services

Earlysville Volunteer Fire Company Engine 45 at the Independence Day Parade.
Earlysville Volunteer Fire Company Engine 45 at the Independence Day Parade.
Crozet Volunteer Fire Department Engine 52 truck during the same parade.
Crozet Volunteer Fire Department Engine 52 truck during the same parade.

Albemarle County has two branches of law enforcement, the Albemarle County Police Department, which handles criminal matters and is directed by the appointed police chief, Colonel Steve Sellers. The second branch is the Albemarle County Sheriff's Office, which handles civil service in the county and they are directed by the elected Sheriff Chip Harding.

EMS services are provided by three volunteer rescue squads and Albemarle County Fire Rescue. The Charlottesville-Albemarle Rescue Squad, located in the City of Charlottesville, providing 24hr EMS services to the City of Charlottesville and on nights and weekends in particular areas of the county, the Western Albemarle Rescue Squad, located in Crozet, and the Scottsville Volunteer Rescue Squad, located in the town of Scottsville. Albemarle County Fire Rescue operates 6 Advance Life Support ambulances, Medic 4 (Earlysville), Medic 8 (Seminole), Medic 11 (Monticello), Medic 12 (Hollymead), Medic 15 (Ivy), and Medic 16 (Pantops).

Albemarle County Fire/Rescue system is a combination system that consists of seven volunteer fire stations and three career fire stations (Hollymead, Ivy and Monticello). Three of the volunteer stations (stations 3, 5, and 7) are covered 24 hours a day by volunteers. The other volunteer stations (2, 4, 6, and 8) are supplemented by career staff Monday - Friday, 6AM - 6PM. Volunteers operate these stations weeknights from 6PM - 6AM as well as weekends and holidays. The three career stations are staffed 24 hours by both career and volunteer firefighters Volunteer and career firefighters are trained and work together to provide Fire and EMS services to the population of Albemarle County.

Albemarle County Fire Rescue has begun building a station (Station 16) in the eastern portion of the county near Pantops slated to open in Fall of 2018.

Fire stations

[29]

Rescue squads

[29]

Education

The Albemarle County Public School System operates public education in the county. It provides education to nearly 14,000 students including preschool through high school. The Albemarle County Public School System's mission is to "establish a community of learners and learning, through relationships, relevance and rigor, one student at a time."[30] ACPS provides 25 school facilities[30] which include Community Lab School, a charter school that is located in the City of Charlottesville, Albemarle High School, Western Albemarle High School, and Monticello High School.[31] The School Board and the Superintendent, Dr. Matthew Haas, work closely together in operating the Albemarle County Public School System.

Many private schools in Albemarle serve the county and students from surrounding areas. These include:

Some students attend several private schools in the City of Charlottesville.

Jefferson-Madison Regional Library is the regional library system that provides services to the citizens of Albemarle.

Communities

The city of Charlottesville is enclaved within Albemarle County. Under Virginia law in effect since 1871, all municipalities in the state incorporated as cities are legally and politically independent of any county.

Town

There is only one incorporated town in Albemarle County:

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Many of these unincorporated areas have Charlottesville addresses.

Notable people

Notable residents

United States President and Governor of Virginia Thomas Jefferson's home, Monticello, is located in Albemarle County.
United States President and Governor of Virginia Thomas Jefferson's home, Monticello, is located in Albemarle County.
United States President and Governor of Virginia James Monroe's home, Ash Lawn-Highland, is located in Albemarle County.
United States President and Governor of Virginia James Monroe's home, Ash Lawn-Highland, is located in Albemarle County.

See also

References

  1. ^ "County Overview". County of Albemarle. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008. Retrieved November 14, 2008.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Albemarle County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  4. ^ Swanton, John R. (1952), The Indian Tribes of North America, Smithsonian Institution, p. 72, ISBN 0-8063-1730-2, OCLC 52230544
  5. ^ Pawlett, Nathaniel (1976). "An Index to Roads Shown in the Albemarle County Surveyors Books 1744-1853" (PDF). Charlottesville, Virginia: Virginia Highway & Transportation Research Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 30, 2008. Retrieved October 11, 2008. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ a b Atkins, Ace (March 27, 2007). "A county by any other name?". C-Ville Weekly. Portico Publications. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2008.
  7. ^ Henry Stephens Randall, The Life of Thomas Jefferson
  8. ^ "Albemarle County". Commonwealth of Virginia. Archived from the original on December 8, 2006. Retrieved October 11, 2008. Albemarle County is widely recognized as rich in history and beauty. Among its historic attractions are Monticello, home to President Thomas Jefferson...
  9. ^ "Enslaved Population in Virginia". www.encyclopediavirginia.org. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  11. ^ "Parks". www.albemarle.org. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Albemarle County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  17. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Albemarle County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  20. ^ a b c https://virginiaworks.com/Portals/200/Local%20Area%20Profiles/5104000003.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  21. ^ "County Executive". County of Albemarle, VA. Retrieved June 21, 2015.
  22. ^ "Board Members - Albemarle County, VA". www.albemarle.org. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  23. ^ "Circuit Court Clerk's Office | Albemarle County, VA". www.albemarle.org.
  24. ^ "Staff - Albemarle County, VA". www.albemarle.org. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  25. ^ "Albemarle County Sheriff's Office". Albemarle County Sheriff's Office. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  26. ^ "School Board Members - Albemarle County School District". www.k12albemarle.org. Retrieved August 6, 2021.
  27. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  28. ^ "Our Campaigns - U.S. President". Retrieved January 22, 2021.
  29. ^ a b "System & Stations". www.albemarle.org. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  30. ^ a b "Division Fact Sheet". www2.k12albemarle.org. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  31. ^ "Our Schools". www2.k12albemarle.org. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
  33. ^ National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Mirador (Boundary Increase) (Report). Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Historic Resources. April 7, 2003.
  34. ^ "Inside The New York Times Book Review: John Grisham on 'The Whistler'". The New York Times. November 4, 2016. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  35. ^ Healy, Patrick. "Grisham's 'Time to Kill' Coming to Broadway". ArtsBeat. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  36. ^ Obituary of Claude Hampton Hall (1922-2001), Bryan-College Station, Texas, Eagle, April 4, 2001

Further reading

Coordinates: 38°02′N 78°34′W / 38.03°N 78.56°W / 38.03; -78.56