Nottoway County
Nottoway County Courthouse
Official seal of Nottoway County
Map of Virginia highlighting Nottoway County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°08′N 78°03′W / 37.14°N 78.05°W / 37.14; -78.05
Country United States
State Virginia
Founded1789
Named forNottoway people
SeatNottoway
Largest townBlackstone
Area
 • Total316 sq mi (820 km2)
 • Land314 sq mi (810 km2)
 • Water1.7 sq mi (4 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total15,642
 • Density50/sq mi (19/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.nottoway.org

Nottoway County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 15,642.[1] Its county seat is Nottoway.[2] It is situated south of the James River, thus making it a part of the Southside Virginia Region.[3]

History

Prior to the arrival of European settlers, the land that would become Nottoway County was inhabited by American Indians of the Nadowa tribe, an Iroquoian people. They lived along the county's only river, the Nadowa, an Algonquian word meaning rattlesnake, and became associated with the area they inhabited. The name was anglicized to 'Nottoway', and from this the name of the county was derived. The people of this "Nottoway Tribe", now numbering between 400 and 500, call themselves Cheroenhaka, meaning "People At The Fork Of The Stream".

Before the county established its own government, it was known as Nottoway Parish, a district of Amelia County. Nottoway Parish became Nottoway County by legislative act in 1788. The county contained numerous early crossroads settlements connecting the new western frontier with the population centers of Petersburg and Richmond to the north and east and until recent times owed much of its prosperity to tobacco. First coming to Nottoway in the 1850s, railroad construction and associated industries eventually came to represent a major portion of business in the area. In the 1860 census, 73.2% of the total population of Nottoway County were slaves, the highest percentage of any Virginia county.[4]

One of the county's larger towns, Crewe, owes its existence to the railroad siding established at Robertson's Switch in the 1880s. In recent decades, however, the decline of tobacco, the railroads, and Fort Pickett has presented the county, like much of Southside Virginia, with economic difficulties and led many Nottoway families to seek jobs and homes in Richmond and other prospering cities in central Virginia.

During the American Civil War, the county raised two infantry companies for the Confederate Army, the Nottoway Rifle Guards and the Nottoway Grays, Jeffress' artillery battery, and the Nottoway Company E of the 3rd Virginia Cavalry. Both infantry companies served in the 18th Virginia Infantry Regiment and saw extensive service throughout the Eastern Theatre, most notably at the Battle of Gettysburg where they were at the forefront of Pickett's Charge. The famous charge was disastrous to the 18th Virginia, and many families in Nottoway County lost relatives in it. The 18th Regiment's colors were captured at the stone wall on Cemetery Ridge and are now displayed in Gettysburg. The county was the site of only one major skirmish, the "Battle of the Grove," which was fought near Blackstone (then known as Blacks and Whites) for control of the rail line that supplied General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, then entrenched around Petersburg and Richmond. The war's last major battle before the surrender at Appomattox was fought at Sayler's Creek, west of Burkeville near the Nottaway County line, on April 6, 1865 (see article on Burkeville).

Nottoway's three towns were incorporated in the late 1800s, all along what was to become the U.S. Highway 460/Norfolk Southern Railway corridor that bisects the county. Industrialization blossomed at the same time, exploiting the ease of moving raw materials in and finished products out. County manufacturing often utilized the area's abundant natural resources, particularly agricultural products, timber, and wood products.

The 20th century saw an increase in the diversification of the county in its agricultural, industrial and commercial sectors. During this time, major state and federal facilities were created in the county. Fort Pickett, established at the outbreak of World War II, is now headquarters of the Virginia National Guard.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 316 square miles (820 km2), of which 314 square miles (810 km2) is land and 1.7-square-mile (4.4 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18009,401
18109,278−1.3%
18209,6584.1%
183010,1304.9%
18409,719−4.1%
18508,437−13.2%
18608,8364.7%
18709,2915.1%
188011,15620.1%
189011,5823.8%
190012,3666.8%
191013,4628.9%
192014,1615.2%
193014,8665.0%
194015,5564.6%
195015,479−0.5%
196015,141−2.2%
197014,260−5.8%
198014,6662.8%
199014,9932.2%
200015,7254.9%
201015,8530.8%
202015,642−1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010[10] 2020[11]

2020 census

Nottoway County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[11] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 8,799 8,452 55.50% 54.03%
Black or African American alone (NH) 6,179 5,773 38.98% 36.91%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 42 50 0.26% 0.32%
Asian alone (NH) 50 64 0.32% 0.41%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 3 3 0.02% 0.02%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 16 72 0.10% 0.46%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 155 455 0.98% 2.91%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 609 773 3.84% 4.94%
Total 15,853 15,642 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 15,725 people, 5,664 households, and 3,885 families residing in the county. The population density was 50 people per square mile (19/km2). There were 6,373 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 57.16% White, 40.56% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,664 households, out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the age distribution of the population shows 22.90% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 106.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,866, and the median income for a family was $39,625. Males had a median income of $28,533 versus $19,718 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,552. About 15.50% of families and 20.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.70% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Towns

Census-designated place

Notable residents

Politics

United States presidential election results for Nottoway County, Virginia[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,027 56.89% 2,971 41.98% 80 1.13%
2016 3,712 55.04% 2,829 41.95% 203 3.01%
2012 3,409 49.80% 3,344 48.85% 93 1.36%
2008 3,499 50.07% 3,413 48.84% 76 1.09%
2004 3,303 54.78% 2,635 43.70% 92 1.53%
2000 2,870 52.26% 2,460 44.79% 162 2.95%
1996 2,416 46.34% 2,327 44.63% 471 9.03%
1992 2,610 45.45% 2,411 41.98% 722 12.57%
1988 3,161 57.38% 2,217 40.24% 131 2.38%
1984 3,418 59.00% 2,296 39.63% 79 1.36%
1980 2,813 50.13% 2,593 46.21% 205 3.65%
1976 2,486 47.61% 2,558 48.99% 178 3.41%
1972 2,979 68.22% 1,308 29.95% 80 1.83%
1968 1,614 33.42% 1,529 31.66% 1,687 34.93%
1964 2,353 52.30% 2,138 47.52% 8 0.18%
1960 1,319 40.14% 1,882 57.27% 85 2.59%
1956 1,124 33.76% 1,242 37.31% 963 28.93%
1952 1,454 51.02% 1,381 48.46% 15 0.53%
1948 486 24.76% 1,004 51.15% 473 24.10%
1944 472 24.46% 1,453 75.28% 5 0.26%
1940 373 22.28% 1,290 77.06% 11 0.66%
1936 260 16.58% 1,297 82.72% 11 0.70%
1932 277 16.58% 1,348 80.67% 46 2.75%
1928 667 40.35% 986 59.65% 0 0.00%
1924 181 15.59% 840 72.35% 140 12.06%
1920 154 15.79% 821 84.21% 0 0.00%
1916 91 12.85% 608 85.88% 9 1.27%
1912 72 8.61% 683 81.70% 81 9.69%


See also

References

  1. ^ "Nottoway County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Beverly, Monifa Green (2007). Black Generational Dialogue(s): Unpacking Tensions and Learning the Commonalities of Education Values in One Rural Community. Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest. p. 5. ISBN 9780549325543.
  4. ^ Grymes, Charles. "Population of Virginia - 1860". Virginia Places. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Nottoway County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Nottoway County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 9, 2020.

Coordinates: 37°08′N 78°03′W / 37.14°N 78.05°W / 37.14; -78.05