Clarke County
County
County of Clarke
Old Clarke County Courthouse and Confederate monument
Old Clarke County Courthouse and Confederate monument
Flag of Clarke County
Official seal of Clarke County
Map of Virginia highlighting Clarke County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°07′N 78°00′W / 39.12°N 78°W / 39.12; -78
Country United States
State Virginia
Founded1836
Named forGeorge Rogers Clark
SeatBerryville
Largest townBerryville
Area
 • Total178 sq mi (460 km2)
 • Land176 sq mi (460 km2)
 • Water2.2 sq mi (6 km2)  1.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total14,783
 • Density83/sq mi (32/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district10th
Websiteclarkecounty.gov

Clarke County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 14,783.[1] Its county seat is Berryville.[2] Clarke County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The first settlement of the Virginia Colony in the future Clarke County was in 1736 by Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron who built a home, Greenway Court, on part of his 5 million acres (20,000 km2) property, near what is now the village of White Post. White Post was named for the large signpost pointing the way to Lord Fairfax's home.

As it lay just west of the Blue Ridge border demarcated under Governor Spotswood at Albany in 1722, the area was claimed along with the rest of the Shenandoah Valley by the Six Nations Iroquois (who had overrun it during the later Beaver Wars in around 1672), until the Treaty of Lancaster in 1744, when it was purchased from them by Governor Gooch.

Many of the early settlers of what became Clarke County were children of Tidewater planters, who settled on large land grants from Lord Fairfax. Two-thirds of the county was settled by the plantation group, and the plantation lifestyle thrived until the Civil War. County status came in 1836 when it was divided off from Frederick County. Clarke was known for its large crops of wheat.

During the American Civil War, John S. Mosby, "the Gray Ghost" of the Confederacy, raided General Sheridan's supply train in the summer of 1864, in Berryville. The Battle of Cool Spring was fought in Clarke County on July 17 and 18th, 1864, and the Battle of Berryville on September 3, 1864.

In 1881 was founded the Bank of Clarke County, still functional regional bank headquartered in Berryville.[3]

Early in the 20th century, future Virginia politician Harry F. Byrd Sr. and his wife established their first home near Berryville, where he undertook extensive agricultural activity growing peaches and apples. Byrd became a State senator in the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly, served a term as a Governor of Virginia, and was a United States senator for over 30 years, heading the powerful Byrd Organization which dominated state politics between the mid-1920s and 1960s.

In 1996, Forrest Pritchard revitalized Smithfield Farm by starting a grass-fed, sustainable livestock operation. Renamed 'Smith Meadows', it is currently one of the oldest fully grass-finished farms in the United States, and its story was chronicled in the New York Times bestseller Gaining Ground.

Historic buildings and structures

Geography

Clarke County, Virginia is located in USA Virginia Clarke
Clarke

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 178 square miles (460 km2), of which 176 square miles (460 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) (1.2%) is water.[4] It is the third-smallest county in Virginia by total area.

Adjacent counties

Government

Board of Supervisors

Constitutional officers

Clarke County is represented by Republican Jill Holtzman Vogel in the Virginia Senate, Republican Dave LaRock and Democrat Wendy Gooditis in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Democrat Jennifer Wexton in the U.S. House of Representatives.

United States presidential election results for Clarke County, Virginia[5]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,192 55.61% 3,920 41.98% 225 2.41%
2016 4,661 56.75% 3,051 37.15% 501 6.10%
2012 4,296 55.35% 3,239 41.73% 227 2.92%
2008 3,840 51.68% 3,457 46.52% 134 1.80%
2004 3,741 57.51% 2,699 41.49% 65 1.00%
2000 2,883 54.56% 2,166 40.99% 235 4.45%
1996 2,201 48.17% 1,906 41.72% 462 10.11%
1992 1,994 42.90% 1,811 38.96% 843 18.14%
1988 2,502 62.24% 1,478 36.77% 40 1.00%
1984 2,529 67.21% 1,215 32.29% 19 0.50%
1980 1,876 57.44% 1,156 35.39% 234 7.16%
1976 1,440 51.54% 1,276 45.67% 78 2.79%
1972 1,816 69.13% 715 27.22% 96 3.65%
1968 1,127 42.62% 768 29.05% 749 28.33%
1964 1,068 48.41% 1,136 51.50% 2 0.09%
1960 804 46.31% 923 53.17% 9 0.52%
1956 785 48.91% 725 45.17% 95 5.92%
1952 809 52.88% 716 46.80% 5 0.33%
1948 384 33.16% 482 41.62% 292 25.22%
1944 415 33.58% 816 66.02% 5 0.40%
1940 333 24.13% 1,043 75.58% 4 0.29%
1936 198 17.35% 940 82.38% 3 0.26%
1932 124 12.74% 841 86.43% 8 0.82%
1928 248 25.10% 740 74.90% 0 0.00%
1924 76 9.76% 687 88.19% 16 2.05%
1920 154 15.78% 774 79.30% 48 4.92%
1916 49 7.66% 590 92.19% 1 0.16%
1912 39 6.19% 576 91.43% 15 2.38%


Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18406,353
18507,35215.7%
18607,146−2.8%
18706,670−6.7%
18807,68215.2%
18908,0715.1%
19007,927−1.8%
19107,468−5.8%
19207,165−4.1%
19307,1670.0%
19407,159−0.1%
19507,074−1.2%
19607,94212.3%
19708,1022.0%
19809,96523.0%
199012,10121.4%
200012,6524.6%
201014,03410.9%
202014,7835.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010[10] 2020[11]

2020 census

Clarke County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[11] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 12,387 12,309 88.26% 83.26%
Black or African American alone (NH) 742 564 5.29% 3.82%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 35 33 0.25% 0.22%
Asian alone (NH) 121 210 0.86% 1.42%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 5 15 0.04% 0.10%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 15 89 0.11% 0.60%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 239 676 1.70% 4.57%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 490 887 3.49% 6.00%
Total 14,034 14,783 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 12,652 people, 4,942 households, and 3,513 families residing in the county. The population density was 72 people per square mile (28/km2). There were 5,388 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.15% White, 6.73% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 90.1% of Clarke County's population was non-Hispanic whites. 6.3% were African-American. 0.2% Native American. 0.6% Asian. 2.6% were Latino.

There were 4,942 households, out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,601, and the median income for a family was $59,750. Males had a median income of $40,254 versus $30,165 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,844. About 4.20% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

US 340 near Berryville in Clarke County
US 340 near Berryville in Clarke County

Major highways

The Norfolk Southern Railway's H-Line runs the perimeter of Clarke County.

Service

Communities

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Clarke County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "History of Bank of Clarke County". Archived from the original on February 3, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ David Leip. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on December 26, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 15, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Clarke County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Clarke County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.

Coordinates: 39°07′N 78°00′W / 39.12°N 78.00°W / 39.12; -78.00