Craig County
Craig County Courthouse in New Castle
Craig County Courthouse in New Castle
Map of Virginia highlighting Craig County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°29′N 80°13′W / 37.49°N 80.22°W / 37.49; -80.22
Country United States
State Virginia
Founded1851
Named forRobert Craig
SeatNew Castle
Largest townNew Castle
Area
 • Total331 sq mi (860 km2)
 • Land330 sq mi (900 km2)
 • Water1.1 sq mi (3 km2)  0.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total4,892
 • Density15/sq mi (5.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district9th
Websitewww.craigcountyva.gov

Craig County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,892.[1] Its county seat is New Castle.[2]

Craig County is part of the Roanoke, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Nestled in the mountains of Southwest Virginia, Craig County was named for Robert Craig, a 19th-century Virginia congressman. The initial outpost in the area was called "Craig's Camp," and it is claimed that George Washington visited it in 1756 during his travels to the frontier.[3] Formed from parts of Botetourt, Roanoke, Giles, and Monroe (in present-day West Virginia) counties in 1851, Craig was later enlarged with several subsequent additions from neighboring counties.

The secluded, mountainous New Castle community, the county seat, has one of the commonwealth's antebellum court complexes, including a porticoed courthouse built in 1851. Craig Healing Springs, a collection of well-preserved early-20th-century resort buildings representative of the architecture of Virginia's more modest mountain spas, is located here.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 330.6 square miles (856.3 km2), of which 329.5 square miles (853.4 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4] Most of the county is national forest.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18603,553
18702,942−17.2%
18803,79429.0%
18903,8351.1%
19004,29311.9%
19104,7119.7%
19204,100−13.0%
19303,562−13.1%
19403,7695.8%
19503,452−8.4%
19603,356−2.8%
19703,5245.0%
19803,94812.0%
19904,37210.7%
20005,09116.4%
20105,1901.9%
20204,892−5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010[9] 2020[10]

2020 census

Craig County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[9] Pop 2020[10] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 5,103 4,631 98.32% 94.66%
Black or African American alone (NH) 5 11 0.10% 0.22%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 6 5 0.12% 0.10%
Asian alone (NH) 8 11 0.15% 0.22%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 3 0.00% 0.06%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 1 12 0.02% 0.25%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 31 166 0.60% 3.39%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 36 53 0.69% 1.08%
Total 5,190 4,892 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 5,091 people, 2,060 households, and 1,507 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 2,554 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.94% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. 0.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,060 households, out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.60% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 103.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,314, and the median income for a family was $41,750. Males had a median income of $26,713 versus $21,337 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,322. About 6.60% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Board of Supervisors

Constitutional officers

Craig County is represented by Republican Stephen D. "Steve" Newman in the Virginia Senate, Republican Joe McNamara in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republican H. Morgan Griffith in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Politics

United States presidential election results for Craig County, Virginia[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,536 80.03% 587 18.52% 46 1.45%
2016 2,140 76.68% 541 19.38% 110 3.94%
2012 1,757 65.88% 830 31.12% 80 3.00%
2008 1,695 64.67% 877 33.46% 49 1.87%
2004 1,706 65.09% 901 34.38% 14 0.53%
2000 1,580 63.38% 851 34.14% 62 2.49%
1996 979 45.35% 895 41.45% 285 13.20%
1992 1,008 43.88% 965 42.01% 324 14.11%
1988 1,112 55.46% 864 43.09% 29 1.45%
1984 1,173 57.70% 845 41.56% 15 0.74%
1980 768 43.17% 946 53.18% 65 3.65%
1976 546 32.75% 1,103 66.17% 18 1.08%
1972 774 63.44% 425 34.84% 21 1.72%
1968 581 46.18% 419 33.31% 258 20.51%
1964 477 38.34% 767 61.66% 0 0.00%
1960 433 44.78% 534 55.22% 0 0.00%
1956 485 48.84% 501 50.45% 7 0.70%
1952 425 46.45% 490 53.55% 0 0.00%
1948 317 39.82% 456 57.29% 23 2.89%
1944 327 36.66% 564 63.23% 1 0.11%
1940 299 31.24% 656 68.55% 2 0.21%
1936 395 37.65% 653 62.25% 1 0.10%
1932 302 31.26% 649 67.18% 15 1.55%
1928 451 47.98% 489 52.02% 0 0.00%
1924 300 36.01% 512 61.46% 21 2.52%
1920 315 45.06% 381 54.51% 3 0.43%
1916 200 35.03% 369 64.62% 2 0.35%
1912 62 11.19% 337 60.83% 155 27.98%


Communities

Town

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ "Craig County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "History of Craig County | Craig County, VA". Retrieved April 5, 2021.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  9. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Craig County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Craig County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. ^ "Board of Supervisors". Community and Government Portal. Craig County. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  13. ^ "Elected Officials". Community and Government Portal. Craig County. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 9, 2020.

Coordinates: 37°29′N 80°13′W / 37.49°N 80.22°W / 37.49; -80.22