Halifax County
Halifax County Courthouse
Official seal of Halifax County
Map of Virginia highlighting Halifax County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°46′N 78°56′W / 36.77°N 78.94°W / 36.77; -78.94
Country United States
State Virginia
Founded1752
Named forGeorge Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax
SeatHalifax
Largest townSouth Boston
Area
 • Total830 sq mi (2,100 km2)
 • Land818 sq mi (2,120 km2)
 • Water12 sq mi (30 km2)  1.4%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total34,022
 • Density41/sq mi (16/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district5th
Websitewww.halifaxcountyva.gov

Halifax County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 34,022.[1] Its county seat is Halifax.[2]

History

Tobacco barn, Edgewood Farm, Halifax County
Tobacco barn, Edgewood Farm, Halifax County

Occupied by varying cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years, in historic times English colonists encountered Siouan language Native Americans. Halifax County was established in 1752 by English colonists from Lunenburg County. The county was named for George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax.

Through the 1990 Census, South Boston was an independent city, but it became a town again and rejoined Halifax County in 1995.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 830 square miles (2,100 km2), of which 818 square miles (2,120 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.4%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
179014,722
180019,37731.6%
181022,13314.2%
182019,060−13.9%
183028,03447.1%
184025,936−7.5%
185025,9620.1%
186026,5202.1%
187027,8284.9%
188033,58820.7%
189034,4242.5%
190037,1978.1%
191040,0447.7%
192041,3743.3%
193041,283−0.2%
194041,2710.0%
195041,4420.4%
196033,637−18.8%
197030,076−10.6%
198030,5991.7%
199029,033−5.1%
200037,35528.7%
201036,241−3.0%
202034,022−6.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010[8] 2020[9]
Hog Killing on Milton Puryear Place, Dennison, Halifax County, Marion Post Wolcott, 1939
Hog Killing on Milton Puryear Place, Dennison, Halifax County, Marion Post Wolcott, 1939

2020 census

Halifax County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[8] Pop 2020[9] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 21,804 20,250 60.16% 59.52%
Black or African American alone (NH) 13,224 11,738 36.49% 34.50%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 97 77 0.27% 0.23%
Asian alone (NH) 132 218 0.36% 0.64%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 4 3 0.01% 0.01%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 37 112 0.10% 0.33%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 356 864 0.98% 2.54%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 587 760 1.62% 2.23%
Total 36,241 34,022 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.


2000 Census

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 37,355 people, 15,018 households, and 10,512 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile (18/km2). There were 16,953 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 60.32% White, 38.02% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,018 households, out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.20% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 27.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.40% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,929, and the median income for a family was $37,845. Males had a median income of $27,498 versus $20,684 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,353. About 11.50% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.90% of those under age 18 and 19.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Board of Supervisors

[11]

Constitutional officers

Halifax is represented by Republicans Frank Ruff and Bill Stanley in the Virginia Senate, Republican James E. Edmunds in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republican Bob Good in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Presidential elections results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 57.1% 10,418 42.0% 7,666 0.9% 164
2016 57.1% 9,704 40.6% 6,897 2.3% 393
2012 52.1% 8,694 46.5% 7,766 1.4% 232
2008 51.0% 8,600 48.2% 8,126 0.7% 124
2004 57.1% 8,363 42.4% 6,220 0.5% 73
2000 55.0% 7,732 42.4% 5,963 2.7% 377
1996 49.1% 6,490 42.3% 5,599 8.6% 1,137
1992 46.2% 5,199 42.2% 4,752 11.6% 1,311
1988 56.0% 5,671 42.3% 4,282 1.7% 171
1984 60.6% 6,726 38.1% 4,231 1.3% 146
1980 51.7% 5,088 46.0% 4,528 2.2% 220
1976 46.5% 4,045 50.0% 4,352 3.5% 300
1972 68.7% 5,469 30.0% 2,384 1.3% 106
1968 28.9% 2,634 24.2% 2,199 46.9% 4,269
1964 63.9% 3,928 35.8% 2,198 0.3% 18
1960 39.6% 1,784 59.4% 2,676 1.1% 48
1956 30.7% 1,782 42.6% 2,470 26.7% 1,547
1952 40.7% 2,274 59.0% 3,296 0.3% 17
1948 13.5% 521 34.2% 1,323 52.4% 2,026
1944 13.2% 512 86.6% 3,351 0.2% 7
1940 9.8% 373 89.9% 3,441 0.3% 12
1936 6.5% 302 93.3% 4,331 0.2% 9
1932 7.1% 275 91.9% 3,583 1.1% 43
1928 28.5% 1,091 71.5% 2,742
1924 14.0% 374 84.2% 2,245 1.7% 46
1920 21.7% 586 78.0% 2,103 0.3% 8
1916 21.5% 493 77.7% 1,781 0.7% 17
1912 23.2% 426 68.6% 1,260 8.2% 150

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ "Halifax County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  8. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Halifax County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Halifax County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ "Board of Supervisors - Halifax County, VA". www.halifaxcountyva.gov. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 9, 2020.

Coordinates: 36°46′N 78°56′W / 36.77°N 78.94°W / 36.77; -78.94