Fauquier County
County
Fauquier County
Fauquier County Courthouse in Warrenton
Fauquier County Courthouse in Warrenton
Official seal of Fauquier County
Map of Virginia highlighting Fauquier County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°44′N 77°49′W / 38.74°N 77.81°W / 38.74; -77.81
Country United States
State Virginia
Founded1759
Named forFrancis Fauquier
SeatWarrenton
Largest townWarrenton
Area
 • Total651 sq mi (1,690 km2)
 • Land647 sq mi (1,680 km2)
 • Water3.8 sq mi (10 km2)  0.6%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total72,972
 • Density110/sq mi (43/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district10th
Websitewww.fauquiercounty.gov

Fauquier /fɔːˈkɪər/ is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 72,972.[1] The county seat is Warrenton.[2]

Fauquier County is in Northern Virginia and is a part of the Washington metropolitan area. The county is one of the fastest-growing and highest-income counties in the United States.

History

Portrait of Francis Fauquier, for whom Fauquier County was named
Portrait of Francis Fauquier, for whom Fauquier County was named

In 1608, the first European to explore in the vicinity, Captain John Smith, reported that the Whonkentia (a subgroup of the Siouan-speaking Manahoac tribe) inhabited the area. The Manahoac were forced out around 1670 by the Iroquois (Seneca), who did not resettle the area.[3] The Conoy camped briefly near The Plains, from 1697 to 1699.[4] The Six Nations ceded the entire region including modern Fauquier to Virginia Colony at the Treaty of Albany, in 1722.

Fauquier County was established on May 1, 1759, from Prince William County. It is named for Francis Fauquier,[5] Lieutenant Governor of Virginia at the time, who won the land in a poker game, according to legend.

American Civil War battles in Fauquier County included (in order) the First Battle of Rappahannock Station, the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, the Battle of Kelly's Ford, the Battle of Aldie, the Battle of Middleburg, the Battle of Upperville, the First and Second Battle of Auburn, the Battle of Buckland Mills, and the Second Battle of Rappahannock Station.

Geography

View west along I-66/SR 55 and north along US 17 in northwestern Fauquier County
View west along I-66/SR 55 and north along US 17 in northwestern Fauquier County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 651 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 647 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (0.6%) is water.[6] Fauquier county is not densely populated, but exurban development from Washington, DC has sprung up in some parts. Even in rural areas, housing complexes can be seen along highways. The highest point by elevation is Blue Mountain at 2205 ft (602 meters) on the county's northwestern border with Warren County.[7]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
179017,892
180021,32919.2%
181022,6896.4%
182023,1031.8%
183026,08612.9%
184021,897−16.1%
185020,868−4.7%
186021,7064.0%
187019,690−9.3%
188022,99316.8%
189022,590−1.8%
190023,3743.5%
191022,526−3.6%
192021,869−2.9%
193021,071−3.6%
194021,039−0.2%
195021,2481.0%
196024,06613.3%
197026,3759.6%
198035,88936.1%
199048,74135.8%
200055,13913.1%
201065,20318.3%
202072,97211.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010[12] 2020[13]

2020 census

Fauquier County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[12] Pop 2020[13] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 53,410 54,969 81.91% 75.33%
Black or African American alone (NH) 5,232 4,999 8.02% 6.85%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 186 128 0.29% 0.18%
Asian alone (NH) 826 1,204 1.27% 1.65%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 27 49 0.04% 0.07%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 103 339 0.16% 0.46%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,241 3,491 1.90% 4.78%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 4,178 7,793 6.41% 10.68%
Total 65,203 72,972 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census

In 2000 there were 19,842 households, out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were non-families. 18.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14.

As of 2013, the population was spread out, with 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $93,762.[14] The per capita income for the county was $39,600. About 3.70% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.70% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

The county is exurban. There has been increased growth in Warrenton and New Baltimore in recent years. The subdivisions of Brookside and Vint Hill have facilitated the growth in the eastern part of the county. There is some industry in Fauquier County, however the largest employer in the county is the county government and the hospital. As of the 2000 census, 47% of county residents that work have jobs that are outside the county.[15] The average travel time to work is 39.2 minutes.

Government

Board of Supervisors

Constitutional officers

Legislators

The Virginia Senate:

The Virginia House of Delegates:

The U.S. House of Representatives:

United States presidential election results for Fauquier County, Virginia[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 25,106 57.50% 17,565 40.23% 990 2.27%
2016 22,127 59.07% 12,971 34.63% 2,362 6.31%
2012 21,034 59.16% 13,965 39.28% 556 1.56%
2008 19,227 56.19% 14,616 42.71% 376 1.10%
2004 19,011 63.55% 10,712 35.81% 192 0.64%
2000 14,456 61.56% 8,296 35.33% 729 3.10%
1996 11,063 57.45% 6,759 35.10% 1,436 7.46%
1992 10,497 50.57% 6,600 31.79% 3,662 17.64%
1988 11,733 69.86% 4,837 28.80% 226 1.35%
1984 10,319 71.41% 4,056 28.07% 76 0.53%
1980 6,782 58.11% 4,119 35.30% 769 6.59%
1976 4,715 51.75% 4,002 43.92% 394 4.32%
1972 4,654 67.71% 2,039 29.67% 180 2.62%
1968 2,845 43.76% 2,099 32.29% 1,557 23.95%
1964 2,101 37.43% 3,506 62.46% 6 0.11%
1960 2,123 51.86% 1,958 47.83% 13 0.32%
1956 2,112 55.55% 1,567 41.22% 123 3.24%
1952 2,068 56.27% 1,597 43.46% 10 0.27%
1948 1,102 41.32% 1,291 48.41% 274 10.27%
1944 1,089 33.99% 2,110 65.86% 5 0.16%
1940 756 28.67% 1,874 71.07% 7 0.27%
1936 629 23.54% 2,037 76.24% 6 0.22%
1932 379 15.82% 1,999 83.43% 18 0.75%
1928 972 38.83% 1,531 61.17% 0 0.00%
1924 345 20.14% 1,277 74.55% 91 5.31%
1920 568 29.26% 1,365 70.32% 8 0.41%
1916 367 23.32% 1,204 76.49% 3 0.19%
1912 182 12.46% 1,187 81.25% 92 6.30%


Education

Main article: Fauquier County Public Schools

Elementary schools

Middle schools

High schools

Private schools

Higher education

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Swanton, John R. (1952). The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution. pp. 61–62. hdl:2027/mdp.39015015025854. ISBN 0-8063-1730-2. OCLC 52230544.
  4. ^ Harrison Williams, Legends of Loudoun, pp. 20-21.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 124.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 1, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ "Virginia County/Ind. City High Points". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 15, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  12. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Fauquier County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Fauquier County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder – Community Facts". factfinder.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 11, 2020. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  15. ^ "Get A Life, Lose The Commute". Fauquier Times-Democrat. August 30, 2007. Archived from the original on January 22, 2013.
  16. ^ "Meet the Board Members". Fauquier County. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
  17. ^ "Constitutional Officers". Fauquier County. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  19. ^ "Home | Saint John the Evangelist School". www.sjesva.org. Retrieved December 14, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  20. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.

Coordinates: 38°44′N 77°49′W / 38.74°N 77.81°W / 38.74; -77.81