Bowie, Maryland
Old Town Bowie, as seen from the intersection of Maryland Route 564 and Chapel Avenue in January 2008
Old Town Bowie, as seen from the intersection of Maryland Route 564 and Chapel Avenue in January 2008
Flag of Bowie, Maryland
Official seal of Bowie, Maryland
Motto(s): 
"Growth, Unity and Progress"
Location of Bowie in Prince George's County and the State of Maryland
Location of Bowie in Prince George's County and the State of Maryland
Bowie is located in Maryland
Bowie
Bowie
Location within the State of Maryland
Bowie is located in the United States
Bowie
Bowie
Bowie (the United States)
Coordinates: 38°57′53″N 76°44′40″W / 38.96472°N 76.74444°W / 38.96472; -76.74444
Country United States
State Maryland
County Prince George's
Incorporated1882[1]
Government
 • MayorTimothy Adams
Area
 • Total20.55 sq mi (53.22 km2)
 • Land20.44 sq mi (52.95 km2)
 • Water0.11 sq mi (0.27 km2)
Elevation
154 ft (47 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total58,329
 • Density2,853.25/sq mi (1,101.66/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
20715-20721
Area code(s)301, 240
FIPS code24-08775
GNIS feature ID0597104
Websitewww.CityofBowie.org

Bowie (/ˈbi/) is a city in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States.[3] Per the 2020 census, the population was 58,329.[4] Bowie has grown from a small railroad stop to the largest municipality in Prince George's County, and the fifth most populous city[5] and third largest city by area in the U.S. state of Maryland. In 2014, CNN Money ranked Bowie 28th in its Best Places to Live (in the United States) list.[6]

History

19th century

The city of Bowie owes its existence to the railway. In 1853, Colonel William Duckett Bowie obtained a charter from the Maryland legislature to construct a rail line into Southern Maryland. In 1869, the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad Company began the construction of a railroad from Baltimore to Southern Maryland, terminating in Pope's Creek. The area had already been dotted with small farms and large tobacco plantations in an economy based on agriculture and slavery. In 1870, Ben Plumb, a land speculator and developer, sold building lots around the railroad junction and named the settlement Huntington City. By 1872, the line was completed, together with a "spur" to Washington, D.C., and the entire line through Southern Maryland was completed in 1873.

In 1880, Huntington City was rechartered as Bowie, named for Colonel Bowie's son and business partner Oden Bowie,[7][8][9][10] the former Governor of Maryland[11] and then-president of the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad.[12] In the early days the land was subdivided by developers into more than 500 residential building lots, to create a large town site at a junction of the Baltimore and Potomac's main line to southern Maryland, and the branch line to Washington, D.C.

20th century

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By 1902, the Baltimore & Potomac was purchased by the powerful Pennsylvania Railroad. A second railroad entered the community when the Washington, Baltimore and Annapolis Electric Railway electric trolley line commenced service in 1908. The large interurban cars brought rapid transit to the area, with trains running hourly. Bowie area stations included High Bridge, Hillmeade, and the Race Track.

The convergence of the two rail systems induced the Southern Maryland Agricultural Society to build the Bowie Race Track in 1914. The track enabled the Belair Stud to become one of Maryland's premier areas for thoroughbreds. Also in 1914, a teacher-training college, or normal school as it was referred to then, was built for African-Americans, just outside the town. This now has become Bowie State University. The town of Bowie was incorporated in 1916.

Belair at Bowie

In 1957, the firm of Levitt and Sons acquired the nearby Belair Estate, the original colonial plantation of the Provincial Governor of Maryland, Samuel Ogle, and developed the residential community of Belair at Bowie. Two years later the town of Bowie annexed the Levitt properties and then re-incorporated the now-larger area as a city in 1963. The overwhelming majority of Bowie residents today live in this 1960s Levitt planned community, whose street names are arranged in alliterative sections.[13] Levitt & Sons had a long history of prohibiting the sale of houses (including resale by owners) to African Americans which led to protests during the Civil Rights Movement in Bowie in 1963.[14]

Belair Estate

The original Belair Estate contains the Belair Mansion (circa 1745), the five-part Georgian plantation house of Governor Samuel Ogle and his son Governor Benjamin Ogle. It was purchased in 1898 by the wealthy banker James T. Woodward who, on his passing in 1910, left it to his nephew, William Woodward Sr., who became a famous horseman. Restored to reflect its 250-year-old legacy, the Mansion is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Belair Stable, on the Estate, was part of the famous Belair Stud, one of the premier racing stables in the 1930s, '40s, and '50s.[15] Owned and operated by William Woodward Sr. (1876–1953), it closed in 1957 following the death of his son, Billy Woodward. Belair had been the oldest continually operating racing horse farm in the country.[16]

21st century

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Bowie has an area of 16 square miles (41 km2) and about 50,000 residents with nearly 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) set aside as parks or open space. It has 72 ball fields, three community centers, an ice arena at Allen Pond Park, the Bowie Town Center, the 800-seat Bowie Center for the Performing Arts,[17] a 150-seat theatrical playhouse, a golf course, and three museums.

Bowie's rail town history is on display via the Huntington Railroad Museum, within the local rail station's restored railroad buildings. In 2006, the city reopened the Bowie Building Association building, a small brick and block structure constructed circa 1930, as a Welcome Center; it originally housed the Bowie Building Association, which helped finance much of the community's early development.

Bowie is home to the Bowie Baysox, a Class AA Eastern League professional baseball team affiliated with the Baltimore Orioles. The Baysox moved to Bowie from Hagerstown in 1993 and began to play at Prince George's Stadium in 1994. In 2015, the Baysox captured their first Eastern League Championship, defeating the Reading Fightin Phils in five games.

The city operates a senior citizens center and a gymnasium for community programs.

Geography

Detailed census map of Bowie, MD and surrounding areas. The city is in orange.

Bowie is located at 38°57′53″N 76°44′40″W / 38.96472°N 76.74444°W / 38.96472; -76.74444 (38.964727, −76.744531).[18]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.51 square miles (47.94 km2), of which 18.43 square miles (47.73 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[19]

Adjacent areas

ZIP codes

ZIP codes for mail delivery in Bowie are: 20715, 20716, 20717, 20718, 20719, 20720, 20721

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bowie has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[20]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1920677
19306942.5%
194076710.5%
195086012.1%
19601,07224.7%
197035,0283,167.5%
198033,695−3.8%
199037,58911.6%
200050,26933.7%
201054,7278.9%
202058,3296.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]
2010[22] 2020[23]

2020 census

Bowie city, Maryland – Racial and Ethnic Composition
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[22] Pop 2020[23] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 21,287 16,182 38.90% 27.74%
Black or African American alone (NH) 26,199 30,832 47.87% 52.86%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 115 105 0.21% 0.18%
Asian alone (NH) 2,229 2,616 0.08% 4.48%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 15 20 0.03% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 142 374 0.26% 0.64%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,654 2,954 3.02% 5.06%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 3,086 5,246 5.64% 8.99%
Total 54,727 58,329 100.00% 100.00%

2010 census

As of the census[24] of 2010, there were 54,727 people, 19,950 households, and 14,264 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,969.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,146.5/km2). There were 20,687 housing units at an average density of 1,122.5 per square mile (433.4/km2).

The ethnic makeup of the city was 41.4% White, 48.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.6% of the population.

There were 19,950 households, of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.5% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.23.

The median age in the city was 40.1 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 30.1% were from 45 to 64; and 11.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $99,105, and the median income for a family was $109,157. Males had a median income of $52,284 versus $40,471 for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,703. About 0.7% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The City of Bowie operates under a council-manager government as established by the city charter. This means that the mayor and council are responsible for making policy, passing ordinances, voting appropriations, and having overall supervisory authority in the city government.

The U.S. Postal Service operates multiple post offices including Mitchellville,[25] West Bowie,[26] and Bowie/Mitchellville Carrier Annex (adjacent to the city limits).[27][28]

Law enforcement

The primary law enforcement agency for the city is the Bowie Police Department aided by the Prince George's County Police, the Maryland-National Capital Park Police Department, and the Sheriff's Office as directed by authority.

Prince George's County Police Department District 2 Station in Brock Hall CDP, with a Bowie postal address, serves the community.[29]

Transportation

I-595/US 50 eastbound in Bowie

Bowie is served by several significant highways. The most prominent of these is Interstate 595/U.S. Route 50, the John Hanson Highway, which follows an east–west route through the city. Via I-595/US 50, Bowie has direct connections westward to Washington, D.C., and eastward to Annapolis and the Eastern Shore of Maryland. U.S. Route 301 and Maryland Route 3 skim the eastern edge of the city, providing connections southward to Waldorf and La Plata and northward to Baltimore. Other state highways serving the city include Maryland Route 197, Maryland Route 214, Maryland Route 450 and Maryland Route 564.

It is served by Bowie State station on MARC's Penn Line.

Economy

Largest employers

According to the city's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[30] the largest employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Prince George's County Public Schools 1,178
2 Inovalon 605
3 City of Bowie 446
4 Bowie Baysox 260
5 P.G. County Public Safety Communications Control 195

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Bowie is within the Prince George's County Public Schools system.[31]

Area residents are zoned to Benjamin Tasker Middle School or Samuel Ogle Middle School,[32] and Bowie High School.[33] Some Bowie residents also attend Eleanor Roosevelt High School in their STEM program.[citation needed]

Elementary schools in Bowie include Heather Hills, Kenilworth, Northview, Pointer Ridge, Rockledge, Tulip Grove, Whitehall, and Yorktown Elementary Schools. Elementary schools not in Bowie and serving Bowie include High Bridge and Woodmore.[31][34] Two special education centers are Chapel Forge and C. Elizabeth Reig. A voc/tech school is located at Tall Oaks High School.

Samuel Ogle was previously a junior high school, then an elementary school; around 2005, PGCPS planned to convert it into a middle school.[35]

From 1950 to 1964, during the era of legally-required racial segregation of schools, black students from Bowie attended Fairmont Heights High School, then near Fairmount Heights.[36]

Private schools

Bowie is home to several private schools:

Colleges and universities

Bowie State University, located north of Bowie, has been open since 1865.

Public libraries

Prince George's County Memorial Library System operates two public libraries in Bowie: Bowie Branch and South Bowie Branch.[37][38]

Notable people

Sports

Team Sport League Championships Venue
Bowie Baysox Baseball Eastern League 1 (2015) Prince George's Stadium

Historic sites

The following is a list of historic sites in the city of Bowie and vicinity identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission:[59]

Site Name Image Location M-NCPPC Inventory Number Comments
1 Belair Tulip Grove and Belair Drives 71B-004 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1977-09-16
2 Belair Stables Belair Drive 71B-005 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1973-05-08
3 Bowie Railroad Buildings 8614 Chestnut Ave. 71B-002-09 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1998-11-04
4 Boyden House 6501 Hillmeade Road 71A-034
5 Fair Running (Maenner House) 7704 Laurel-Bowie Road 71B-015
6 Fairview Plantation 4600 Fairview Vista Drive 71A-013
7 Don S. S. Goodloe House 13809 Jericho Park Rd. 71A-030 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1988-10-13; African American Heritage site
8 Governor's Bridge Governors Bridge Road at Patuxent River 74B-001 Historic American Engineering Record,[60]

Maryland Historical Trust[61]

9 Harmon-Phelps House 8706 Maple Avenue 71B-002-08
10 Holy Trinity Episcopal Church 13104 Annapolis Road 71A-009a
11 Holy Trinity Church Rectory 13106 Annapolis Road 71A-009b
12 Ingersoll House 9006 Laurel-Bowie Road 71A-003
13 Knights of St. John Hall 13004 12th Street 71B-002-23
14 Melford 17107 Melford Boulevard 71B-016 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1988-04-06; also listed at Mitchellville
15 Mitchellville Storekeeper's House and Store Site 2608 Mitchellville Road 71B-007
16 Ryon House 13125 11th Street 71B-002-03
17 Sacred Heart Catholic Church 16101 Annapolis Road 71A-019 Site where the Catholic Church in America was first organized, and the first US Catholic Bishop, John Carroll was petitioned, then named by the Vatican.
18 Albert Smith House 9201 Laurel-Bowie Road 71A-002
19 St. James Episcopal Chapel 13010 8th Street 71B-002-05
20 Straining House 13005 7th Street 71B-002-01
21 Williams Plains MD 3, White Marsh Recreational Park 71B-003 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1980-11-28
22 Pleasant Prospect
12806 Woodmore Rd.,Mitchellville, Maryland 74A-006 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, April 30, 1976

Parks

Sister Cities

In June 2016, Mayor Robinson gave honorary Bowie citizenship to Mayor Luigi Lucchi of Berceto, Italy as part of an International Youth Festival being held there.[62]

References

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  14. ^ Suburban Legend WILLIAM LEVITT
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  59. ^ M-NCPPC Illustrated Inventory of Historic Sites (Prince George's County, Maryland), 2006 Archived 2008-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.
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