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Dundalk
The Dundalk Shopping Center, in May 2006.
The Dundalk Shopping Center, in May 2006.
Flag of Dundalk
Location in the U.S. state of Maryland
Location in the U.S. state of Maryland
Coordinates: 39°15′57″N 76°30′19″W / 39.26583°N 76.50528°W / 39.26583; -76.50528
Country United States
State Maryland
County Baltimore
Founded1856
Area
 • Total17.41 sq mi (45.10 km2)
 • Land13.09 sq mi (33.90 km2)
 • Water4.33 sq mi (11.20 km2)
Elevation
16 ft (5 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total67,796
 • Density5,180.01/sq mi (2,000.08/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
21222
Area code(s)410, 443, 667
FIPS code24-23975
GNIS feature ID0590117

Dundalk (/ˈdʌndɔːk/ DUN-dawk or /ˈdʌndɒk/ DUN-dok) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. The population was 67,796 at the 2020 census.[2] In 1960 and 1970, Dundalk was the largest unincorporated community in Maryland. It was named after the town of Dundalk (Irish: Dún Dealgan) in County Louth, Ireland. Dundalk is considered one of the first inner-ring suburbs of Baltimore.

History

The area now known as Dundalk was explored by John Smith in 1608. Up until this time, the area was home to the tribes of the Susquehanna.

In 1856, Henry McShane, an immigrant from Ireland, established the McShane Bell Foundry on the banks of the Patapsco River in the then far southeastern outskirts of Baltimore.[3] The foundry later relocated to the Patterson Park area of Baltimore until a fire during the 1940s caused it to move to 201 East Federal Street. In addition to bronze bells, the foundry once manufactured cast iron pipes and furnace fittings. When asked by the Baltimore and Sparrows Point Railroad for the name of a depot for the foundry on their rail line, McShane wrote Dundalk, after the town of his birth, Dundalk (Irish: Dún Dealgan), in County Louth in Ireland. In 1977, the foundry moved to its current location in Glen Burnie.

In 1916, the Bethlehem Steel purchased 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) of farmland near the McShane foundry to develop housing for its shipyard workers. The Dundalk Company was formed to plan a town in the new style, similar to that of the Roland Park area of Baltimore, excluding businesses except at specific spots and leaving land for future development of schools, playing fields, and parks. By 1917, Dundalk proper was founded, at which point it had 62 houses, two stores, a post office, and a telephone exchange. Streets were laid out in a pedestrian-friendly open grid, with monikers like "Shipway", "Northship", "Flagship", and "Admiral". The two-story houses had steeply pitched roofs and stucco exteriors. As steel demand increased rapidly during World War I, white workers streamed into Dundalk, pushing black workers into a small community nearby named Turner Station. Turner Station expanded even more during World War II as steel demand increased.[4]

Dundalk was once known as a "Little Appalachia" or a "hillbilly ghetto." Before, during, and after World War II, many Appalachian migrants settled in the Baltimore area, including Dundalk. Appalachian people who migrated to Dundalk were largely economic migrants who came looking for work.[5]

The Dundalk Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.[6]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 17.4 square miles (45.0 km2), of which 13.1 square miles (33.8 km2) is land and 4.3 square miles (11.2 km2), or 24.84%, is water.

Most of Dundalk is flat and very near sea level, with a few small hills close to the city of Baltimore to the west. Dundalk is part of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. Elevations range from sea level on the shore of the Chesapeake Bay to approximately 40 feet (12 m) above sea level along the northern reaches of Dundalk Avenue and North Point Boulevard.

Bread and Cheese Creek is a tributary of the Back River in Dundalk. The creek is 8.5 miles (13.7 km) long, with headwaters in Baltimore City. It flows through Dundalk before emptying into the Back River, which flows into the Chesapeake Bay. The watershed area of the creek is 1.85 square miles (4.8 km2).

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
196082,248
197085,3773.8%
198071,293−16.5%
199065,800−7.7%
200062,306−5.3%
201063,5972.1%
202067,7966.6%
source:[2][7]

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were about 63,597 people. The racial makeup of Dundalk was about 79.9% white, 13.0% African American, 3.0% Hispanic, 1.0% Asian, and 3.1% all other.

There were 24,772 households, out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $39,789, and the median income for a family was $46,035. Males had a median income of $36,512 versus $25,964 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,543. About 6.6% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads

Interstate 695, the Baltimore Beltway, passes through the district, crossing the Patapsco River on the Francis Scott Key Bridge until its collapse in March 2024.

Some of the other major roads in the Dundalk area are:

Public transit

Public transportation between Sparrows Point, Dundalk, and Baltimore City was operated by the United Railways and Electric Company's (later the Baltimore Transit Company) #26 streetcar line which ran down the middle of Dundalk Avenue until August 1958. Until the early 1950s, the line carried the famous "Red Rocket" streetcars, two and three-car trains of wooden trolleys. During World War II's rush hours on the line, trains operated on a 30-second headway.

Between 1940 and 1972, bus service in the Dundalk area was provided by Dundalk Bus Lines.[9]

Today, public transportation is provided by the Maryland Transit Administration. MTA lines that serve the area are CityLink Blue, CityLink Navy, CityLink Orange, LocalLink 59, LocalLink 62, LocalLink 63, Express BusLink 163, and LocalLink 65.

Education

Dundalk Elementary School

Dundalk contains a campus of the Community College of Baltimore County, known as CCBC-Dundalk. It was formerly known as Dundalk Community College.

Dundalk is served by the Baltimore County Public Schools system for primary and secondary education, with Dundalk High School, Patapsco High School, and Sparrows Point High School being the major high schools in the area. Dundalk is also home to Sollers Point Technical High School, one of the few high schools in the country to hold an ISO 9001 certification.

Emergency services

The Baltimore County Police Department, Dundalk (Precinct 12), is located at 428 Westham Way and has jurisdiction over the town.

Multiple fire stations serve the Dundalk area:

Support organizations

Notable people

See also

References

This article includes a list of general references, but it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (December 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 26, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2020 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Dundalk CDP, Maryland". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
  3. ^ McShane Bell Foundry Business Ledger Vol I (1856)
  4. ^ "Turner Station". Unexpected Dundalk. Dundalk Renaissance Corporation. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  5. ^ Newby, Tim (2015). Bluegrass in Baltimore: The Hard Drivin' Sound and Its Legacy. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 19. ISBN 9781476619521.
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2009.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  9. ^ Helton, Gary (April 3, 2018). Baltimore's Streetcars and Buses. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738553696. Retrieved April 3, 2018 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ "la84foundation.org" (PDF). Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  11. ^ Behind the Music: Turner Station's Douglas Purviance is a Part of History, Makes History | Dundalk, MD Patch Retrieved 2014-10-23.
  12. ^ Dundalk remembers during Women’s History Month Archived 2014-10-23 at archive.today Dundalk Eagle, Retrieved 2014-10-23.
  13. ^ "Kevin Cowherd: Dundalk's Danny Wiseman bowls his way into Hall of Fame". Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  14. ^ Bernie Wrightson, illustrator - Baltimore Sun Archived October 23, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2014-10-23.

Bibliography