Kevin Clash
Clash at GalaxyCon Richmond in 2023
Kevin Jeffrey Clash

(1960-09-17) September 17, 1960 (age 63)
EducationDundalk High School
  • Puppeteer
  • director
  • producer
Years active
  • 1978–2012
  • 2018–present
Genia Clash
(m. 1986; div. 2003)

Kevin Jeffrey Clash (born September 17, 1960) is an American puppeteer, director and producer known for puppeteering Elmo on Sesame Street from 1985 to 2012. He also performed puppets for Labyrinth, Dinosaurs, Oobi, and various Muppet productions.

Clash developed an interest in puppetry at an early age and, in his teen years, performed for local television children's shows in his hometown of Baltimore, Maryland. He joined the cast of Captain Kangaroo in the early 1980s and began performing on Sesame Street in 1984. He was the fifth puppeteer to perform Elmo, who became his signature character, and he also served as an executive producer and director for the show. Clash worked in various productions with The Jim Henson Company and occasionally on other projects. Clash's autobiography, My Life as a Furry Red Monster, was published in 2006; he was later the subject of the documentary Being Elmo: A Puppeteer's Journey (2011).

Clash resigned from Sesame Street in 2012 after allegations of sexual impropriety, all of which he denied and were later dismissed due to expiration of the statute of limitations. Clash returned to puppeteering as a supporting performer in the adult comedy The Happytime Murders (2018).

Early years

Clash was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on September 17, 1960, the third of four children born to George Clash, a flash welder and handyman, and Gladys Clash, who ran a small daycare center in their two-bedroom, one-bath home in the Turner Station area of Dundalk, Maryland.[1] Clash developed an interest in puppetry at an early age, inspired by children's shows like Kukla, Fran and Ollie and Sesame Street. He made his first puppet, a version of Mickey Mouse, at the age of 10.[2] When he was twelve, he made a monkey puppet out of the lining of his father's coat.[3] His first performances were for his mother's daycare children.[4]

By the time he was a teenager, he had built almost 90 puppets, which he based upon commercials, popular music, and his friends.[5][6] While still in high school, Clash performed at venues throughout Baltimore, including schools, churches, fundraisers, and community events.[7] While appearing at a neighborhood festival, Clash was discovered by Baltimore television personality Stu Kerr, who became Clash's first mentor and hired him to perform in the children's show Caboose at Channel 2. Clash also built puppets for the Romper Room franchise.[8][9][10] When he was 17, he contacted and met puppeteer Kermit Love, who became Clash's mentor, after seeing Love featured in an episode of the children's educational television series Call It Macaroni.[11][12] In 1979, on Love's recommendation, Clash appeared as Cookie Monster in the Sesame Street float during the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade and met Jim Henson, who later became his boss, mentor, and good friend.[13][14]

When he was 19, Clash became a puppeteer for Captain Kangaroo, initially as a guest performer, in which he also made occasional on-camera appearances. The producers of Captain Kangaroo used some of Clash's puppet creations for the show.[15][16] In 1984, Clash had to turn down Henson's offer to work on his film The Dark Crystal because he was working on two TV shows at the same time, Captain Kangaroo and Love's syndicated program The Great Space Coaster, in which he was producer for the first time.[17][18][19]


Captain Kangaroo was canceled in 1984 after 29 seasons, and Great Space Coaster ended, freeing up Clash to work on projects with Henson such as the film Labyrinth and Sesame Street.[20] Clash started working at Sesame Street for ten episodes in 1983, mostly performing nondescript, stand-in puppets known as Anything Muppets.[21][22] Some of his earliest characters included the saxophone-playing Hoots the Owl (based on Louis Armstrong),[23] the infant Baby Natasha, and inventor Dr. Nobel Price. After 1985, Elmo, a furry red monster, became his main character.[24] Three puppeteers, including Richard Hunt, had performed Elmo previously, but it was Clash's development, with a falsetto voice, that established the character.[25][26][27] He based Elmo's character on the preschool children that attended his mother's daycare in Baltimore and upon his own personality and the personality of his parents.[28] Clash followed the advice of fellow puppeteer Frank Oz, who told Clash to always "find one special hook" for each character. Clash decided that the central characteristic for Elmo should be that he "should represent love".[29]

Clash with Elmo at the Peabody Awards in 2010

After the height of Elmo's popularity, especially the "Tickle Me Elmo" craze in 1996,[30] Clash's responsibilities at Sesame Street increased. He recruited, auditioned, and trained its puppeteers,[31] and became the senior Muppet coordinator, a writer, director, and co-producer of the "Elmo's World" segment of the show.[32][33] Clash worked with and mentored the puppeteers of Sesame Street's international co-productions.[34] He found working with the co-productions "a lot of fun" and "very rewarding".[35] He worked on the 1985 feature film Follow That Bird. In 2007, he was promoted to senior creative adviser for the Sesame Workshop.[36] Until 2011, he was the sole performer as Elmo in all his public relations appearances, making his schedule, as he called it, "crazy".[33][37] Cheryl Henson, president of the Jim Henson Foundation, called him "essential" to the show.[38]

Clash worked on the first film version of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, in 1990 and the sequel, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze, which was dedicated to Henson, in 1991, voicing Master Splinter.[39][40] He performed in several productions with Jim Henson Productions, including as the Muppet Clifford in The Jim Henson Hour (1989),[note 1] and performing the puppetry for Frank Oz's characters (Miss Piggy, Fozzie Bear, Sam the Eagle, and Animal) in Muppet Treasure Island (1996).[42] Clash performed in the films Muppets from Space (1999) and The Muppets' Wizard of Oz (2005), and the TV series Muppets Tonight (1996—1998), in which he reprised Clifford, who served as the show's host. He performed characters and worked behind the scenes on the sitcom Dinosaurs.[43]

In 2006, Clash published his autobiography, co-written by Gary Brozek and Louis Henry Mitchell, entitled My Life as a Furry Red Monster: What Being Elmo Has Taught Me About Life, Love and Laughing Out Loud.[44] His life was featured in the 2011 documentary Being Elmo: A Puppeteer's Journey.[45]

After a hiatus of several years, Clash returned to performing with the film The Happytime Murders (2018), directed by Brian Henson and co-produced through Henson Alternative.[46] He later puppeteered in the 2019 Netflix series The Dark Crystal: Age of Resistance, which serves as a prequel series to the 1982 Jim Henson film The Dark Crystal.[47]

Personal life

Clash has stated that although children ignore him and speak directly to Elmo, black adults tend to be surprised when they meet him.[32] He has stated in interviews that his racial identity was pertinent to his work, and that it came through in his performances.[33]

Clash was married for 17 years and has a daughter who was born in 1993.[48][49]

In November 2012, Clash publicly revealed his homosexuality in response to the allegations that led to his resignation from Sesame Workshop, stating, "I am a gay man. I have never been ashamed of this or tried to hide it, but felt it was a personal and private matter."[50]

In 2015, Clash moved to Los Angeles to work on other Jim Henson Company productions, including The Happytime Murders and The Dark Crystal: Age of Resistance, performing Lyle and Mr. Bumblypants in the former and Aughra in the latter.[citation needed]

Abuse allegations

In November 2012, 23-year-old Sheldon Stephens alleged that he had been in a sexual relationship with Clash that began when Stephens was 16, which would be a felony under New York law that declares illegal any sexual relationship with individuals under 17 years of age, whether consensual or not. Sesame Workshop had initially been presented with the allegation in June, and its investigation found the allegation to be unsubstantiated. Clash acknowledged that he had been in a relationship with the accuser; however, he said the relationship was between two consenting adults.[44] Stephens later recanted his accusation, but two weeks later, another accuser, Cecil Singleton, accused Clash of sexually abusing him when he was 15 years old, and lawsuits were filed by attorney Jeffrey Herman against Clash.[51][52]

Clash resigned from Sesame Workshop on November 20, 2012, and released a statement saying, "Personal matters have diverted attention away from the important work 'Sesame Street' is doing and I cannot allow it to go on any longer. I am deeply sorry to be leaving and am looking forward to resolving these personal matters privately".[51] Sesame Workshop also released a statement: "Unfortunately, the controversy surrounding Kevin's personal life has become a distraction that none of us want, and he has concluded that he can no longer be effective in his job and has resigned from 'Sesame Street'."[51] They stated that other puppeteers had been trained to serve as Clash's understudy and would take over his roles on the show.[53]

In July 2013, the three cases against Clash were dismissed because it was ruled that the claims were made more than six years after each man reasonably should have become aware of Clash's alleged violations during the three years after each turned 18. Clash's lawyers expressed his hope that the ruling would allow him to restore his personal and professional life.[54] Lawyers for the plaintiffs appealed the ruling, alleging that the psychological effects of the abuse were not fully realized until 2012. In April 2014, the decision to dismiss the three lawsuits was upheld by the U.S. Court of Appeals.[55] Months after the other alleged victims made legal accusations, Stephens filed a lawsuit in Pennsylvania against Clash,[56] but it was ultimately dismissed in June 2014 because the statute of limitations had passed.[57]


Year Title Role(s)
1980–1984 Captain Kangaroo Artie, himself
1980–1984 The Great Space Coaster Goriddle Gorilla, Rory, Big Jock Ox, Scruffy
1983–2012 Sesame Street Elmo, Baby Fats Domino, Benny Rabbit, Billy Idle, Chip Cat, Clementine, Hoots the Owl, Kingston Livingston III, Mario, Paul Pencil, Warren Wolf, Watson, Wolfgang the Seal, Natasha, Mel, Counting Crows Lead Singer, Additional Muppets
1985 Sesame Street Presents: Follow That Bird Additional Muppets, Elmo (voice)
1985–1993 Muppet Meeting Films Luncheon Counter Monster, Franklin, Bob, additional Muppets
1986 The Tale of the Bunny Picnic Be-Bop Bunny, Father Bunny, additional Muppets
1986 Labyrinth Firey
1987 Inner Tube Drummer
1988 Jim Henson's Play-Along Video P.J., Artie, Be-Bop Bunny, Luncheon Counter Monster, additional Muppets
1989 The Song of the Cloud Forest Nick, Caiman
1989 The Jim Henson Hour Leon, Clifford, Bob, Blue-Green Extreme, Codzilla, Himself, additional Muppets
1990 The Cosby Show Clif's Nightmare
1990 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Splinter
1990 The Muppets at Walt Disney World Clifford, Alligator, Frog, Ace Yu
1990 The Muppets Celebrate Jim Henson Clifford, Elmo, additional Muppets
1990 Basil Hears a Noise Elmo, Chip Cat, Watson the Dog and Warren Wolf
1991 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze Splinter
1991–1994 Dinosaurs Baby Sinclair, Howard Handupme, Howlin' Jay, additional characters
1992–1995 Dog City Ace Yu (special), Eliot Shag (series), additional Muppets
1993–1996 Muppet Sing-Alongs Billy Bunny, Clifford, Bad Polly, Black Dog, Spa'am, additional Muppets
1994 Muppet Time Do Re Mi Monster, Jeffy, Huffy Monster
1994 The Best of Elmo Elmo, Wolfgang the Seal
1995 Mr. Willowby's Christmas Tree Father Mouse, Owl
1996–2002 The Rosie O'Donnell Show Elmo
1996–2002 Tots TV Tiny (US version only)
1996 Muppet Treasure Island Fozzie Bear (puppetry only), Miss Piggy (puppetry only), Sam Eagle (puppetry only), Animal (puppetry only), Bad Polly, Black Dog, Spa'am, additional Muppets
1996 Muppets Tonight Clifford, Mulch, Bad Polly, Carter, Craniac, Bart, Waldorf, Animal, additional Muppets
1996 Elmocize Elmo, Benny Rabbit
1997 123 Count with Me Benny Rabbit
1997 Elmo Says Boo! Elmo, Kingston Livingston III
1998 The Wubbulous World of Dr. Seuss Little Cat Fleep
1998–2009 Elmo's World Elmo, Baby Natasha, Benny Rabbit, Wolfgang the Seal
1999 Muppets from Space Clifford, Carter, additional Muppets
1999 The Adventures of Elmo in Grouchland Elmo, Pestie, Grouch Cab Driver, Grouch Jailer
2002 It's a Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie Sam the Eagle
2002 Bert & Ernie's Word Play Elmo, Benny Rabbit
2003–2005 Oobi Randy, additional characters
2003 Sesame Street 4-D Movie Magic Elmo
2004–2005 The Tony Danza Show Elmo
2005 The Muppets' Wizard of Oz Clifford, Black Dog, additional Muppets
2007 Elmo's Christmas Countdown Elmo, Hoots, Billy Bunny, Mel, Mouse King, Wolfgang the Seal
2007–2012 Bert and Ernie's Great Adventures Elmo
2008 Abby in Wonderland Elmo/Red Rabbit
2008 A Muppet's Christmas: Letters to Santa Additional Muppets
2009 Scrubs Elmo
2009 The Game Himself/Mookie (puppet)
2012–2013 Elmo the Musical Elmo
2018 The Happytime Murders Lyle, Mr. Bumblypants
2019 The Dark Crystal: Age of Resistance Aughra, Skeksis skekVar/The General, skekMal/The Hunter, The Gelfling Librarian, Gruenak #1, additional voices
2020 Earth to Ned Additional puppeteer[58]
2022 Fraggle Rock: Back to the Rock Uncle Travelling Matt (puppeteer)

Awards and honors

Preceded byRichard Hunt Elmo performer 1985–2012 Succeeded byRyan Dillon Preceded byJerry Nelson Performer of Mulch 1990s Succeeded byNone Preceded byBrian Meehl Performer of Clementine 1985–1988 Succeeded byCamille Bonora Preceded byBrian Meehl Performer of Dr. Nobel Price 1984–1988 Succeeded byNone Preceded byNone Performer of Clifford 1989–2005 Succeeded byNone Preceded byNone Performer of Hoots the Owl 1985–2012 Succeeded byChristopher Hayes Preceded byFrank Oz Performer of Sam the Eagle 2002–2003 Succeeded byEric Jacobson


  1. ^ Clash appeared as Clifford on The Arsenio Hall Show with Jim Henson, which became Henson's last televised appearance before his death in 1990.[41]


  1. ^ Clash, pp. 10–11
  2. ^ Herman (Part 1), event occurs at 3:41
  3. ^ Clash, pp. 80–81
  4. ^ Marks, event occurs at 9:11
  5. ^ Herman (Part 1), event occurs at 11:09
  6. ^ Clash, p. 68
  7. ^ Clash, p. 3
  8. ^ Clash, p. 155
  9. ^ Herman (Part 2), event occurs at 9:19
  10. ^ Davis, p. 288
  11. ^ Marks, event occurs at 17:55
  12. ^ Clash, pp. 68–70
  13. ^ Marks, event occurs at 30:26
  14. ^ Clash, pp. 71–75; p. 140
  15. ^ Herman (Part 2), event occurs at 3:59
  16. ^ Clash, p. 158
  17. ^ Davis, pp. 290–291
  18. ^ Marks, event occurs at 37:43
  19. ^ Herman (Part 2), event occurs at 11:39
  20. ^ Marks, event occurs at 39:49
  21. ^ Herman (Part 2), event occurs at 18:46
  22. ^ Clash, p. 163
  23. ^ Clash, pp. 40–41
  24. ^ Clash, p. 46
  25. ^ Clash, p. 121
  26. ^ Herman (Part 2), event occurs at 24:26
  27. ^ Herman (Part 3), event occurs at 1:05
  28. ^ Marks, event occurs at 49:02
  29. ^ Marks, event occurs at 49:30
  30. ^ Ramirez, Anthony (December 8, 1996). "Waiting for Elmo". The New York Times. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  31. ^ Marks, event occurs at 58:52
  32. ^ a b Lee, Felicia R. (August 23, 2006). "Tickled Red to Be Elmo in a Rainbow World". The New York Times. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c Reeves, Ronke Idowu (November 7, 2011). "Q&A: Kevin Clash on Being Elmo". Black Entertainment Television. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
  34. ^ Gikow, Louise A (2009). Sesame Street: A Celebration—Forty Years of Life on the Street. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers. p. 262. ISBN 978-1-57912-638-4.
  35. ^ Herman (Part 4), event occurs at 3:08
  36. ^ "Workshop promotes Elmo". May 17, 2007. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
  37. ^ Marks, event occurs at 57:51
  38. ^ Marks, event occurs at 59:10
  39. ^ Clash, p. 144
  40. ^ "Turtles Clean Up Their Act But Still Try the Patience". The New York Times. March 22, 1991. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  41. ^ Davis, p. 2
  42. ^ Herman (Part 4), event occurs at 4:36
  43. ^ Herman (Part 4), event occurs at 12:02
  44. ^ a b Moore, Frazier (November 12, 2012). "Elmo puppeteer Kevin Clash accused of relationship with boy, 16, taking leave from 'Sesame Street'". The Toronto Star. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  45. ^ Sragow, Michael (November 13, 2011). "Kevin Clash shines in new documentary 'Being Elmo'". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 9, 2012.
  46. ^ Radish, Christina (July 12, 2018). "Melissa McCarthy on Getting R-Rated with Puppets in 'The Happytime Murders'". Collider. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  47. ^ Asarch, Steven (September 3, 2019). "Netflix The Dark Crystal: Age of Resistance Review: The Muppets Meet 'Game of Thrones'". Newsweek. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
  48. ^ Clash, p. 125
  49. ^ Macatee, Rebecca (November 21, 2012). "Elmo Puppeteer Kevin Clash Quits Sesame Street". E! Online. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  50. ^ Oldenburg, Ann (November 12, 2012). "'Sesame Street' actor faces underage sex charges". USA Today. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
  51. ^ a b c Jensen, Elizabeth; Brian Stelter (November 20, 2012). "Elmo Puppeteer Resigns After Fresh Allegation". The New York Times. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  52. ^ Duke, Alan (November 20, 2012). "Voice of Elmo quits after underage sex lawsuit filed". CNN. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  53. ^ Moore, Frazier (November 21, 2012). "Kevin Clash: Elmo left behind on 'Sesame Street' as actor exits". The Washington Times. Associated Press. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  54. ^ "Ex-Elmo puppeteer says he's pleased that 3 NYC lawsuits against him were dismissed". Fox News. Associated Press. July 1, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
  55. ^ Brzeski, Patrick (April 24, 2014). "Elmo Puppeteer Kevin Clash Cleared of Sex Abuse Charges". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
  56. ^ Corriston, Michele (April 23, 2014). "Elmo Puppeteer Kevin Clash Cleared of Sexual Abuse Charges". People. Archived from the original on April 23, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  57. ^ "Final Sex Abuse Lawsuit Against Elmo Puppeteer Dismissed". The Hollywood Reporter. Associated Press. June 20, 2014. Retrieved August 9, 2014. Federal Judge Christopher Conner says Stephens failed to sue by age 19 under laws in New York, where their meetings took place. Stephens had sued in Pennsylvania, where longer time limits apply.
  58. ^ "Earth to Ned". Video Detective. September 4, 2020. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  59. ^ Clash, pp. 55–57; pp. 58–59
  60. ^ a b Giove, Candice (June 15, 2013). "Scandal-plagued Elmo puppeteer picks up Daytime Emmys". The New York Post. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
  61. ^ Moore, Frazier (November 20, 2012). "Elmo actor resigns amid underage-sex allegations". The Denver Post. Archived from the original on December 4, 2012. Retrieved December 9, 2012.
  62. ^ Hiaasen, Rob (June 7, 2007). "A Natural Honor". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on March 2, 2015. Retrieved December 9, 2012.
  63. ^ "Commencement Ceremony Celebrates Washington & Jefferson College's Class of 2012" (Press release). Washington, Pennsylvania: Washington & Jefferson College. May 21, 2012. Archived from the original on June 24, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2012.

Works cited