Muppet Treasure Island
Theatrical release poster by Drew Struzan
Directed byBrian Henson
Screenplay by
Based onTreasure Island
by Robert Louis Stevenson
Produced by
  • Brian Henson
  • Martin G. Baker
CinematographyJohn Fenner
Edited byMichael Jablow
Music byHans Zimmer
Distributed byBuena Vista Pictures Distribution[1]
Release date
  • February 16, 1996 (1996-02-16)
Running time
100 minutes
CountryUnited States
Box office$47.2 million[2]

Muppet Treasure Island is a 1996 American musical swashbuckler comedy film directed by Brian Henson and the fifth theatrical film featuring the Muppets. Adapted from the 1883 novel Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson, similarly to its predecessor The Muppet Christmas Carol (1992), the key roles were played by live-action actors, with the Muppets in supporting roles. The film stars Muppet performers Dave Goelz, Steve Whitmire, Jerry Nelson, Kevin Clash, Bill Barretta, and Frank Oz in various roles, as well as Tim Curry as Long John Silver and introduces Kevin Bishop as Jim Hawkins.

The film was released in the United States on February 16, 1996, by Buena Vista Pictures Distribution. It grossed $47 million worldwide. It also received generally positive reviews from critics. It is the second Muppets film to be produced by Walt Disney Pictures, whose parent company would later acquire the Muppets in 2004.


Jim Hawkins is a young orphan who lives in an inn in England with his best friends Gonzo and Rizzo. Jim listens to Billy Bones' tales about the pirate Captain Bernie Flint, who buried his treasure trove on a remote island and executed his crew so only he would own the island's map. One night, Bones' crewmate Blind Pew arrives, giving Bones the black spot. Just before dying of a heart attack, Bones gives Jim the treasure map and begs him to go after the treasure and keep it safe from pirate hands, especially a one-legged man. Just then, an army of pirates attack the inn, thus destroying it, but Jim, Gonzo, and Rizzo escape with the map.

The trio takes the map to the half-wit Squire Trelawney (Fozzie Bear), who arranges a voyage to find the treasure. The boys are enlisted aboard the Hispaniola as cabin boys, accompanied by Trelawney, Dr. Livesey (Bunsen Honeydew), and Beaker. The ship is commanded by Captain Abraham Smollett (Kermit the Frog) and his overly strict first mate, Mr. Samuel Arrow (Sam Eagle). The boys meet the cook Long John Silver, the one-legged man whom Bones warned them of, but Jim and Silver become good friends. The ship sets sail, but Smollett is suspicious of the crew, believing them to be of shady character. After Gonzo and Rizzo are kidnapped and tortured by three of the crew who have turned out to be pirates, he has the treasure map locked up for safe keeping.

It is revealed that Silver and the secret pirates in the crew had been part of Flint's crew and want the treasure for themselves. Silver fools Mr. Arrow into leaving the ship to test out a rowboat, says he drowned, and has his minions steal the map during Arrow's memorial service. Jim, Gonzo, and Rizzo discover Silver's treachery and inform Smollett. Arriving at Treasure Island, Smollett orders the entire crew save the officers to go ashore, planning to keep himself and non-pirate crew aboard the ship and abandon the pirates on the island. However, his plan falls through when it is discovered that Silver has kidnapped Jim to have leverage against the captain. On the island, Silver invites Jim to join them in the treasure hunt using his late father's compass. When Jim refuses, Silver forcibly takes the compass from him. Smollett, Gonzo, and Rizzo land on the island in an effort to rescue Jim. However, unbeknownst to them, Silver had hidden a squad of pirates aboard the Hispaniola before leaving, and they capture the ship in Smollett's absence. On the island, Smollett and the rest of the landing party are captured by the native tribe of pigs, where Smollett reunites with his jilted lover Benjamina "Mina" Gunn (Miss Piggy), the tribe's queen.

The pirates find that the cave in which Flint hid the treasure is empty, leading to a brief mutiny against Silver. Silver reveals that, even though he is a pirate, he cares for Jim and allows him to escape. After reprimanding the crew from using a page from the Bible to deliver a death sentence, Silver and his crew capture Smollett and Mina. Smollett is hung from a cliff to fall to his death, joined soon by Mina after she reveals where the treasure is hidden to save his life. Jim rescues his friends and with an alive Mr. Arrow, who portrays his own ghost to scare the pirates aboard the ship, the group regains control of the Hispaniola and rescues Smollett and Mina.

The group engages the remaining pirates in a sword fight on the beach with Sweetums defecting to Smollett's side until only Silver is left standing, but he surrenders when he finds himself outnumbered. While the pirates are imprisoned, Silver discovers he still has Mr. Arrow's keys and tries to escape with the treasure during the night. Jim confronts him and threatens to give his position away, while Silver draws his pistol. In a tearful standoff, neither can bring themselves to follow their threats and Jim allows Silver to leave as long as they never cross paths again, much to their disappointment. Silver rows away, but not before returning Jim's compass to him and complimenting his kind heart. However, Mr. Arrow informs Jim and Smollett that the boat Silver used was not seaworthy, and Silver is later stranded on Treasure Island.

The crew of the Hispaniola sails away into the sunset, but not before some scuba-diving rat tourists Rizzo brought to the ship earlier recover the treasure from the sea.


Muppets performers

Main article: List of Muppets

Performer Muppet character Treasure Island character
Dave Goelz The Great Gonzo Himself
Dr. Bunsen Honeydew Dr. David Livesey
Waldorf Figurehead
Zoot Crew member
Mudwell the Mudbunny Himself
Steve Whitmire Kermit the Frog Captain Abraham Smollett
Rizzo the Rat Himself
Beaker Dr. Livsey's assistant
Original Walleye Pike
Frank Oz Miss Piggy Benjamina Gunn (voice only)
Fozzie Bear Squire Trelawney (voice only)
Sam Eagle Mr. Samuel Arrow (voice only)
Animal Himself (voice only)
Jerry Nelson Statler Figurehead
Lew Zealand Crew member
Floyd Pepper Crew member
Originals Blind Pew
Mad Monty
Old Joe
Old Tom
Spotted Dick
Kevin Clash Fozzie Bear Squire Trelawney (puppetry only)
Miss Piggy Benjamina Gunn (puppetry only)
Sam Eagle Mr. Samuel Arrow (puppetry only)
Animal Himself (puppetry only)
Originals Bad Polly Lobster
Black Dog
Real Old Tom
Bill Barretta Mudwell the Mudbunny Himself (singing only)
Jacques Roach Himself
Swedish Chef
Originals Clueless Morgan
Angel Marie
Mr. Bitte
John Henson Sweetums Himself
Louise Gold Brool the Minstrel Himself
Original Tourist Rat
Don Austen Originals Background Pirates, Native Pigs


Following the release of The Muppet Christmas Carol (1992), it was decided that the next Muppet film would be an adaptation of a classic story.[4] Co-writer Kirk R. Thatcher stated: "There were a whole bunch of ideas out there and I was most keen [on] Treasure Island and a King Arthur story with medival [sic] dragons and knights, in the end we all agreed as a group that Treasure Island was a better story for the Muppets to take on." In the first draft, Gonzo and Rizzo were initially written to portray two characters named Jim and Hawkins, but Thatcher explained that "the studio was nervous that they couldn't hold the emotional heart of the movie, so eventually the human Jim Hawkins was written in, and we cast Gonzo and Rizzo alongside him."[5] About a hundred actors auditioned the role of Jim Hawkins, but Kevin Bishop, who did the very first audition, received the part.[6]

In May 1993, Brian Henson announced that the Muppets would appear in a loose film adaptation of Treasure Island. Filming was slated to begin in the fall in London with a tentative release date slated for spring 1994. While the film did not have a distributor at the time, Walt Disney Pictures had a first-look deal.[7][8] Veteran Muppet performer Frank Oz was unavailable for most of the shooting due to scheduling conflicts with his directing career, so fellow Muppet performer Kevin Clash puppeteered his characters Miss Piggy, Fozzie Bear, Sam Eagle and Animal on set, while Oz dubbed the voices in post-production. Oz had already participated in a recorded read-through of the script; Clash used these recordings to help prompt his performances.[citation needed]


Muppet Treasure Island: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Soundtrack album by
ReleasedFebruary 6, 1996
The Muppets chronology
The Muppet Christmas Carol: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Muppet Treasure Island: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Muppets from Space: The Ultimate Muppet Trip
Singles from The Muppet Treasure Island: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
  1. "Love Power"
    Released: 1996
Professional ratings
Review scores

The Muppet Treasure Island: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack scored by Hans Zimmer, as well as songs written by pop songwriters Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil. The film's ending includes the reggae number "Love Power" performed by Ziggy Marley and the Melody Makers, which was released as a single and promoted with a music video featuring Marley and some Muppets with dreadlocks.

Musical numbers

  1. "Shiver My Timbers" – The Pirates: written by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil
  2. "Something Better" – Jim, Gonzo and Rizzo: written by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil
  3. "Sailing for Adventure" – The Hispaniola crew: written by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil
  4. "Cabin Fever" – The Hispaniola crew: written by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil
  5. "A Professional Pirate" – Silver and the Pirates: written by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil
  6. "Boom Shakalaka" – Island Natives: composed by Hans Zimmer
  7. "Love Led Us Here" – Smollett and Benjamina: written by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil
  8. "Love Power" (end credits) – Ziggy Marley and the Melody Makers: written by Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil
  9. "Love Led Us Here" (end credits) – John Berry and Helen Darling


To coincide with the film's theatrical release, a making-of documentary featuring the filmmakers and the Muppets aired on the Disney Channel on February 2, 1996.[10] On February 14, 1996, Jim Henson Video released a direct-to-video Muppet Sing Alongs VHS entitled Muppet Treasure Island, which was hosted by Kermit the Frog and featured two musical numbers from the film.[11] On January 31, 1999, the film made its network television premiere on ABC as part of The Wonderful World of Disney serving as counterprogramming to Fox's coverage of Super Bowl XXXIII.

Home media

Muppet Treasure Island was the second Muppet film co-produced and released by Walt Disney Pictures, following The Muppet Christmas Carol. It has been made available on home video formats. Walt Disney Home Video and Jim Henson Video first released the film on VHS on September 10, 1996. During its initial home video release, it had sold an estimated 5 million VHS copies.[12] The film was re-released on a "Special Edition" DVD in Region 1 on August 8, 2000.

The first DVD re-release in the U.S. was on June 4, 2002, and was a fullscreen-only version. Other releases of these were in widescreen only format. The DVD release has 3 bonus features added like "Hidden Treasure Commentary", "The Tale of the Story Behind the Tail" and "Treasure Island Sing-Along" (but the menus were in widescreen format). Walt Disney Home Entertainment re-released the film on DVD on November 29, 2005, in conjunction with Kermit the Frog's 50th-anniversary celebration; this time the DVD contained both full-screen and widescreen presentations. The film made its debut on Blu-ray Disc on December 10, 2013 as part of a two-movie bundle with The Great Muppet Caper.


Box office

Muppet Treasure Island opened on February 16, 1996 in 2,070 venues and grossed $7.9 million over the weekend, ranking third at the US box office behind the second weekend of Broken Arrow and fellow newcomer Happy Gilmore.[13] At the time, it held the record for having the biggest opening weekend gross for a Disney film in February. It ultimately grossed $34.3 million in the United States and Canada and $47.2 million worldwide.[14][2]

Critical reception

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 71% based on 28 reviews, with an average rating of 6.3/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "Though less Muppet-centric than the original trilogy, Muppet Treasure Island is an energetic, cheerful take on Robert Louis Stevenson's classic adventure, with typically solid gags."[15] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 64 out of 100 based on 18 reviews, indicating “generally favorable reviews.”[16] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average rating of "A−" on an A+ to F scale.[17]

Stephen Holden of The New York Times praised the playfulness of the Muppets as keeping "the story amusingly off-kilter. The mood is perfectly in keeping with the notion of the Muppets as contemporary children dressing up and improvising their own versions of classic tales."[18] Ken Tucker, reviewing for Entertainment Weekly, gave the film a B+ noting that "the film is notably handsome in a dark, foreboding way. The Muppet action blends seamlessly with the human actors, and adults will be kept giggling with wittily anachronistic jokes about codependence, water-skiing, and Henry Kissinger."[19]

Roger Ebert, reviewing for the Chicago Sun-Times, gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four. While he was favorable to Tim Curry's performance, he summarized the film as being "less cleverly written, and for moi it's a near miss."[20] Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film two stars out of four writing that the film was a "boring Muppet adventure that doesn't successfully meld the Muppets into a conventional buried-treasure story. I wanted the Muppets to play themselves rather than phony pirate-related characters."[21]

Video game

Main article: Muppet Treasure Island (video game)

A video game based on the film was released for Windows and Mac OS in 1996 by Activision.[22]


The Hormel Foods Corporation (the creators of Spam) sued Jim Henson Productions for using the name "Spa'am" for one of the film's tribal pig characters.[23] The judge dismissed their suit on September 22, 1995 after a trial for failure to prove damages, noting, "one might think Hormel would welcome the association with a genuine source of pork."[24] When Spa'am later appeared as a racing boss in Muppet RaceMania, he was credited as "Pig Chief".[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b c "Muppet Treasure Island". American Film Institute. Retrieved November 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Top 100 worldwide b.o. champs". Variety. January 20, 1997. p. 14.
  3. ^ "Treasure Island' Gets Muppetized". Chicago Tribune. November 14, 1996. Archived from the original on January 30, 2022. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
  4. ^ The Tale of The Story Beyond the Tail (DVD) (Media notes). Walt Disney Home Entertainment. 2003. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021.
  5. ^ Stein, Mitchell (January 15, 2015). "Interview with Muppet Writer and Director Kirk Thatcher Part 2". Archived from the original on August 22, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  6. ^ Fanning, Jim (February 16, 2016). "Muppet Treasure Island: Did You Know?". D23. Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  7. ^ Morek, Christian (May 14, 1993). "'Treasure' pic charted for Muppets". Variety. Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  8. ^ Honeycutt, Kirk (June 7, 1993). "Film to Team Up Muppets and Long John Silver". The Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  9. ^ AllMusic review
  10. ^ "SHOWS FOR YOUNGSTERS AND THEIR PARENTS TOO : New 'Oddities' on MTV; how to make a Muppet movie on Disney; TLC's hurrah for cheerleading?". Los Angeles Times. February 4, 1996. Archived from the original on March 17, 2022. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  11. ^ Heffley, Lynne (April 29, 1996). "Dahl's Scary 'The BFG' Is a Home Video Treat". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 17, 2022. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  12. ^ Garrett, Diane (January 3, 1997). "Videocassette Business Still in Fast-Forward Mode". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 17, 2022. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  13. ^ "Weekend Box Office Results for February 16-18, 1996". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on January 1, 2021. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  14. ^ "Muppet Treasure Island". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on June 15, 2020. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  15. ^ "Muppet Treasure Island (1996)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on November 29, 2020. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  16. ^ Muppet Treasure Island, archived from the original on July 12, 2021, retrieved July 7, 2021
  17. ^ "Home - Cinemascore". CinemaScore. Archived from the original on January 2, 2018. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  18. ^ Holden, Stephen (February 16, 1996). "FILM REVIEW;Those Muppet Puppets As Wacky Swashbucklers". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  19. ^ Tucker, Ken (February 23, 1996). "Muppet Treasure Island Movie Review". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  20. ^ Ebert, Roger (February 16, 1996). "Muppet Treasure Island Movie Review (1996)". Ebert Digital LLC. Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  21. ^ Siskel, Gene (February 16, 1996). "Snappy Patter and Cusack Can't Save 'City Hall' From Unfocused Story". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  22. ^ "Muppet Treasure Island". MobyGames. Blue Flame Labs. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  23. ^ McKinley, James C. McKinley Jr. (July 26, 1995). "Hormel Sues Over a Boarish Film Muppet". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  24. ^ Tina Kelly (August 6, 2000). "Following Up – When Is a Wart Hog A Canned Pork Product?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2019.