Site 200
A Proton-M with the ExoMars on LC-200/39
Launch siteBaikonur Cosmodrome
OperatorRVSN, VKS, RKA
Total launches233
Launch pad(s)Two
Orbital inclination
49° – 99°
Site 200/39 launch history
First launch20 February 1980
Proton-K/DM / Raduga 6
Last launch12 March 2023
Proton-M / Olymp-K №2
Proton-K (retired)
Proton-M (active)
Site 200/40 launch history
First launch23 July 1977
Proton-K/DM / Raduga 3
Last launch31 March 1991
Proton-K/DM-2 / Almaz 1
Proton-K (retired)

Site 200 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome is a launch site used by Proton rockets. It consists of two launch pads, areas 39 and 40. Area 39 is currently (as of 2021) used for Proton-M launches, including commercial flights conducted by International Launch Services. Area 40 is currently (as of 2021) inactive, as it was slated to be rebuilt as a launch site for the Angara rocket. Although the project was relocated to Site 250, Area 40 was not put back into service.

A number of planetary probes have been launched from Site 200. Venera 14, Venera 15, Vega 1, Fobos 1, the failed Mars-96, and ExoMars were launched from area 39. Venera 13, Venera 16, Vega 2, Fobos 2 were launched from Area 40. Area 39 was also the launch site for the core of the Mir space station, along with both Kvant modules, and the Kristall module. Salyut 7 and Granat were launched from Area 40.

On 13 May 2021 the pad was modified to support the launch of Nauka.[1]


  1. ^ "News. Baikonur launch complex reequipped for the Nauka module launch". Retrieved 17 May 2021.

46°02′01″N 63°01′44″E / 46.03361°N 63.02889°E / 46.03361; 63.02889