The blockchain-based database is a combination of traditional database and distributed database where data is transacted and recorded via Database Interface[1] (also known as Compute Interface)[2] supported by multiple-layers of blockchains.[3] The database itself is shared in the form of an encrypted/immutable ledger which makes the information open for everyone.[4]


In actual case, the blockchain essentially has no querying abilities when compared to traditional database and with a doubling of nodes, network traffic quadruples with no improvement in throughput, latency, or capacity.[5] To overcome these shortcomings, taking a traditional database and adding blockchain features to it sounds more feasible.[6] That's how the concept of blockchain-based database came into existence, which consists of multiple member clouds riding on two primary layers; the first one is Database Interface and the second one is the Blockchain Anchoring.[1] The idea behind the blockchain based database concept is to complement the functionality and features of SQL and NoSQL databases with blockchain properties: data immutability, integrity assurance, decentralized control, Byzantine fault tolerance and transaction traceability.[7]



  1. ^ a b Gaetani, Edoardo; Aniello, Leonardo; Baldoni, Roberto; Lombardi, Federico; Margheri, Andrea; Sassone, Vladimiro (2017). "Blockchain-based database to ensure data integrity in cloud computing environments" (PDF). Edoardo Gaetani, Leonardo Aniello, Roberto Baldoni, Federico Lombardi, Andrea Margheri, Vladimiro Sassone. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Casino, Fran; K. Dasaklis, Thomas; Patsakisa, Constantinos (March 2019). "A systematic literature review of blockchain-based applications: Current status, classification and open issues". Telematics and Informatics. Elsevier. 36: 55–81. doi:10.1016/j.tele.2018.11.006. ISSN 0736-5853.
  3. ^ Martin, Luther. "Blockchain or relational database? How to choose the right technology for your application". TechBeacon. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
  4. ^ "What is Blockchain Technology? A Step-by-Step Guide For Beginners". Blockgeeks. 19 September 2016. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
  5. ^ Raikwar, Mayank; Gligoroski, Danilo; Velinov, Goran (2020-03-12). "Trends in Development of Databases and Blockchain". 2020 Seventh International Conference on Software Defined Systems (SDS). pp. 177–182. arXiv:2003.05687. doi:10.1109/SDS49854.2020.9143893. ISBN 978-1-7281-7219-4. S2CID 212675742.
  6. ^ Anadiotis, George. "How to use blockchain to build a database solution". ZDNet. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  7. ^ Zheng, Zibin; Xie, Shaoan; Dai, Hongning; Chen, Xiangping; Wang, Huaimin (2017). "An Overview of Blockchain Technology: Architecture, Consensus, and Future Trends". 2017 IEEE International Congress on Big Data (BigData Congress). pp. 557–564. doi:10.1109/BigDataCongress.2017.85. ISBN 978-1-5386-1996-4. S2CID 29591273.
  8. ^ NathanSenthil; GovindarajanChander; SarafAdarsh; SethiManish; JayachandranPraveen (2019-07-01). "Blockchain meets database". Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment. 12 (11): 1539–1552. doi:10.14778/3342263.3342632. S2CID 67877079.
  9. ^ "GraphChain | Companion Proceedings of the Web Conference 2018". doi:10.1145/3184558.3191554. S2CID 22885614. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ "GraphChain: A Distributed Database with Explicit Semantics and Chained RDF Graphs". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2020-03-09.