Model 81 / XN2B
Role trainer
National origin United States
Manufacturer Boeing
Introduction 1928
Primary user Boeing School
Number built 2
Developed from Boeing Model 64
Closeup of Boeing 81 showing 125 hp Fairchild-Caminez 4-cylinder radial engine

The Boeing Model 81 was an American training aircraft built by Boeing in 1928. The Model 81 was a development of the Model 64. It was powered by a newly developed engine, the 125 hp Fairchild-Caminez 4-cylinder radial engine.[1] Operating at a much lower rpm than most engines (1000 rpm) it required the use of a large high-pitch propeller.[2]

After initial flight tests with the Fairchild-Caminez, the prototype was refitted with a 145 hp Axelson engine, redesignated Model 81A and delivered to the Boeing School of Aeronautics. There, it was re-engined a number of times, first with a 115 hp Axelson engine, redesignated Model 81B. It then received a 165 hp Wright J-6-5, then a 100 hp Kinner K-5 and a redesigned vertical tail. Redesignated Model 81C, it would later be removed from training service, re-engined with an Axelson engine, and used as a classroom trainer.[3]

On 21 June 1928, the second Model 81 built was delivered to the US Navy at Anacostia, Maryland for $8,300, and redesignated Boeing XN2B. Its trial with the Fairchild engine was unsatisfactory, and on 10 January 1929 it was refitted by Wright Aeronautical with a 160 hp Wright J-6-5 engine. Despite increased performance, it was not ordered into production.[4]


Original Caminez-engined aircraft
145 hp Axelson engine
115 hp Axelson engine
100 hp Kinner K-5, redesigned tail.
US Navy designation.


 United States

Specifications (XN2B)

Data from Bowers, 1989. p. 144

General characteristics



  1. ^ "A diagram of the 4-cylinder Fairchild-Caminez cam engine". Archived from the original on 2017-10-05. Retrieved 2011-11-12.
  2. ^ Bowers, 1989, p. 142
  3. ^ Bowers, 1989, pp. 144-145
  4. ^ Bowers, 1989, pp. 142-144