Boris Kochno
Born(1904-01-03)3 January 1904
Moscow, Russia
Died8 December 1990(1990-12-08) (aged 86)
Paris, France
Resting placePère Lachaise Cemetery[1]
EducationImperial Lyceum
Known forLes Ballets 1933

Boris Evgenievich Kochno or Kokhno (Russian: Бори́с Евге́ньевич Кохно́; 3 January 1904 – 8 December 1990) was a Russian poet, dancer and librettist.

Early life

Kochno was born in Moscow, Russia, on 3 January 1904. His father served as a colonel in the hussars. He studied at the Imperial Lyceum in Moscow before emigrating to Paris in 1920.[2]

Career

He was close with Karol Szymanowski, who gave him as a gift a Russian translation of the chapter The Symposium from his unpublished novel Efebos.[3] Szymanowski also dedicated four poems to him. In 1920 he became Sergei Diaghilev's secretary, librettist, and eventually main collaborator. They were also briefly lovers. Kochno wrote the libretto of Stravinsky's Mavra (1921),[4] George Auric's Les Fâcheux (1924),[5] Henri Sauguet's La Chatte (1927),[6] and of Sergei Prokofiev's ballet score The Prodigal Son (1929).[7]

Upon Diaghilev's death, Kochno and Serge Lifar tried but failed to hold the Ballets Russes together. The two inherited part of Diaghilev's archives and collections, which Kochno completed and part of which was acquired by the Bibliothèque nationale de France.[8] In 1933 he co-founded, together with George Balanchine, the short-lived but history-making company Les Ballets 1933,[9] which made its debut that summer at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées. That same year, he and Edward James commissioned Brecht and Weill's last collaboration, The Seven Deadly Sins,[2] which Balanchine produced, directed, and choreographed.

At the end of World War II, Kochno entered into a partnership with Roland Petit, with whom he founded the Ballets des Champs-Élysées.[10]

His later career included a position as ballet director with the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, where he became an influential figure in post-World War II French ballet.

Kochno authored several works, including Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes, a record of the Diaghilev era, and Christian Bérard, a scrapbook of artwork by Bérard, Kochno's former lover and collaborator, along with reminiscences.

Personal life

In 1925, Kochno had a "passionate affair" with American composer and songwriter Cole Porter,[11] with whom he carried on a lengthy correspondence,[12] as well as Porter's friend, the American diplomat and heir, Hermann Oelrichs Jr., a son of Hermann and Theresa Fair Oelrichs.[13] Today, two of Oelrich's handwritten love letters to Kochno are in the National Library of France,[14] which "leave no doubt that the two had a sexual relationship."[13]

He died on 8 December 1990 in Paris following a fall.[2] He was buried in the Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris,[15] next to Wladimir Augenblick (1911–2001).

References

  1. ^ Père Lachaise Cemetery records
  2. ^ a b c Kisselgoff, Anna (December 11, 1990). "Boris Kochno, 86, a Ballet Director and Scenarist". New York Times. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  3. ^ Stephen Downes, "Eros and Paneuropeanism", in Harry White and Michael Murphy, eds., Musical Constructions of Nationalism: Essays on the History and Ideology of European Musical Cultute, 1800-1945 (Cork University Press, 2001), 51-71, esp. 52, 66-7
  4. ^ White, Eric Walter (1997). Stravinsky: A Critical Survey, 1882-1946. Dover Publications. p. 102. ISBN 9780486297552.
  5. ^ Garafola, Lynn; Van Norman Baer, Nancy, eds. (1999). The Ballets Russes and Its World. Yale University Press. p. 339. ISBN 0300061765.
  6. ^ Garafola, Lynn; Van Norman Baer, Nancy, eds. (1999). The Ballets Russes and Its World. Yale University Press. p. 344. ISBN 0300061765.
  7. ^ Kisselgoff, Anna (April 26, 1986). "'Prodigal Son' by City Ballet". New York Times. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  8. ^ Lifar 2013.
  9. ^ Kisselgoff, Anna (August 19, 1990). "Taking Fresh Stock of Les Ballets 1933". New York Times. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  10. ^ "Parisian Dancers Due Here in March" (PDF). New York Times. February 18, 1947. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  11. ^ Porter, Cole (2019). The Letters of Cole Porter. Yale University Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-300-21927-2. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  12. ^ Scheijen, Sjeng (2010). Diaghilev: A Life. Oxford University Press. p. 405. ISBN 9781847652454.
  13. ^ a b Bone, James (2016). The Curse of Beauty: The Scandalous & Tragic Life of Audrey Munson, America's First Supermodel. Simon and Schuster. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-942872-03-0. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  14. ^ 2 lettres autographes signées d'Hermann Oelrichs Jr à Boris Kochno, 17 septembre - 8 octobre 1925 (in French). 1925. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Kochno Boris (1904-1990)". Association des Amis et Passionnés du Père-Lachaise. Retrieved March 11, 2015.

Literature