Federal Colony of the Leeward Islands
  • 1671–1816
  • 1833–1958
Coat of arms (1871-1956) of Leeward Islands
Coat of arms (1871-1956)
Anthem: "God Save the Queen/King"
StatusColony of the United Kingdom
CapitalSt. John's
Common languages
Religion
Christianity (Anglican, Catholic, Methodist)
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Monarch 
• 1671–1685
Charles II (first)
• 1952–1958
Elizabeth II (last)
Governor in Chief 
• 1671-1683
Sir William Stapleton, 1st Baronet (first)
• 1956–1958
Alexander Thomas Williams (last)
History 
• Established
1671
• Divided
1816
• Reformed
1833
• Federal colony
1871
• Dominica joined
1871
• Dominica left
1940
1958
• Federation dissolved
31 May 1962
Currency
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Anguilla
Antigua
Barbuda
Dominica
Montserrat
Nevis
Saint Christopher
Virgin Islands
West Indies Federation
British Virgin Islands

The British Leeward Islands was a British colony from 1671 to 1958, consisting of the English (later British) overseas possessions in the Leeward Islands. It ceased to exist from 1816 to 1833, during which time it was split into two separate colonies (AntiguaBarbudaMontserrat and Saint ChristopherNevisAnguillaVirgin Islands). It was dissolved in 1958 after the separation of the British Virgin Islands, and the remaining islands became parts of the West Indies Federation.

History

The Leeward Islands was established as an English colony in 1671. In 1816, the islands were divided in two regions: Antigua, Barbuda, and Montserrat in one colony, and Saint Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the Virgin Islands in the other.

The Leeward Islands were united again as a semi-federal entity in 1833, coming together until 1872 under the administration of the Governor of Antigua. The islands then became known as the Federal Colony of the Leeward Islands from 1872 to 1956. From 1833 to 1940, Dominica was part of the colony; in 1940, it was transferred to the British Windward Islands group.[1]

On 3 January 1958 all islands except the Virgin Islands were absorbed into the West Indies Federation. The British Leeward Islands finally ceased to exist with the abolition of the office of its governor, and the elevation of the British Virgin Islands to the status of a separate crown colony, in 1960.[2][3]

A representative Leeward Islands cricket team continues to participate in West Indian domestic cricket.

Armed forces structure in 1939

The armed forces of the colony included structures from Saint Kitts and Nevis, Montserrat, Antigua, Dominica, and British Virgin Islands.[4]

Postage stamps

Main articles: Postage stamps and postal history of the Leeward Islands and Revenue stamps of the Leeward Islands

The islands of the Leeward Islands all used postage stamps inscribed "LEEWARD ISLANDS" between 1890 and 1 July 1956, often concurrently with stamps inscribed with the colony's name. The islands also issued revenue stamps between 1882 and the 1930s.

See also

References

  1. ^ Honychurch, Lennox (1995). The Dominica Story: A History of the Island (3rd ed.). London: Macmillan Publishers. pp. 129, 132, 175. ISBN 0-333-62776-8.
  2. ^ "Private Lands Conservation in the British Virgin Islands". University of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center. 2004. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  3. ^ "Encyclopedia Britannica - BVI". Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Leeward Islands, 03.09.1939". niehorster.org. Retrieved 19 January 2019.

Sources