Launch Complex 31
Launch siteCape Canaveral Space Force Station
Location28°27′09″N 80°33′22″W / 28.45250°N 80.55611°W / 28.45250; -80.55611
Short nameLC-31
OperatorUS Space Force
Launch pad(s)2 (incl. silo)
Launch history
First launchFebruary 1, 1960
Pershing 1a

Launch Complex 31 (LC-31) is a former launch complex at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, Florida.

It was built in 1959 with LC-32 for the U.S. Air Force to conduct test launches of the first LGM-30 Minuteman missiles. LC-31 was built next to Navaho complex LC-9, requiring LC-10 to be demolished. These complexes were the first to feature dual launch pads, one of which was subterranean. LC-31 consisted of a blockhouse, static launch pad (31A) and missile silo (31B). The beehive-shaped blockhouse is 210 yards from the static pad and 330 yards from the silo.

Between February 1, 1960 and September 23, 1969 the Air Force launched a total of four Minuteman missiles from pad 31A and 35 from silo 31B. Pad 31A was used later by the U.S. Army to test launch twelve Pershing 1a missiles.

Remains of Challenger lowered into silo at LC-31

The service tower has since been removed; the silo remains, and contains recovered debris from the Space Shuttle orbiter vehicle Challenger.[1][2]

2015 opening of the silo

In 2015, NASA opened the silo and removed several pieces of Challenger's debris, so they could be placed on permanent display at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex.[3]


  1. ^ "Shuttle Debris Moved for Burial". Los Angeles Times. Jan 8, 1987. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
  2. ^ Ritter, Jim (1986-11-30). "Challenger debris to be buried". Chicago Sun-Times.
  3. ^ "Space shuttle Challenger, Columbia wreckage on display for 1st time".