Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin
Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin
Born(1673-01-11)11 January 1673
Died24 April 1726(1726-04-24) (aged 53)
Noble familyHouse of Holstein-Gottorp
(m. 1704)
IssueAdolf Frederick, King of Sweden
Frederick August of Eutin
Joanna Elisabeth
Georg Ludwig of Holstein-Gottorp
FatherChristian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
MotherPrincess Frederica Amalia of Denmark

Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp-Eutin (11 January 1673 – 24 April 1726) was a cadet of the reigning ducal House of Holstein-Gottorp who became prince of Eutin, prince-bishop of Lübeck and regent of the Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp.

He was the father of Adolf Frederick, King of Sweden, and the maternal grandfather of Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia.


He was a younger son of Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark, daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark. His elder brother, Frederick IV, succeeded their father as ruler of the duchy, Christian August being given the small fiefdom of Eutin in 1695, whereupon he took the title Duke of Holstein-Eutin.[1] Additionally, he was appointed coadjutor of Lübeck, a Lutheran Imperial state within the Holy Roman Empire, in 1701, and his family managed to have him elected as the bishop on 26 April 1706.[1]

His eldest brother died in 1702, leaving only an underage son, Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, as his heir. From 1702 to 1708 Christian August was co-regent with his widowed sister-in-law, Hedvig Sophia of Sweden, for Charles Frederick, having been first installed as administrator under her authority.[1] Upon her death in 1708, Christian August became sole regent of Holstein-Gottorp, which duchy was severely ravaged by the violence of the Great Northern War.

Marriage and issue

Christian August married his cousin Margravine Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach (3 July 1682 – 26 December 1755), on 2 September 1704, with whom he had ten children:[1]

Christian August was succeeded by his eldest son Charles Augustus, who died before taking up the office, and then by his second son, Adolf Frederick.


Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d Huberty, Michel; Giraud, Alain; Magdelaine, F. et B. (1994). L'Allemagne Dynastique, Tome VII Oldenbourg. France: Laballery. pp. 86–87, 111–112. ISBN 2-901138-07-1.
Christian AugustusHouse of Holstein-GottorpCadet branch of the House of OldenburgBorn: 11 January 1673 Died: 24 April 1726 Religious titles Regnal titles Preceded byAugust Frederick(Lutheran Administrator) Prince-Bishop of Lübeck 1705–1726(Lutheran Administrator) Succeeded byCharles August(Lutheran Administrator)