Film reels at the Cinemateca Portuguesa, in Portugal
Film reels at the Cinemateca Portuguesa, in Portugal
Main facade of the head office, Bulgarian National Film Archive (Българска Национална Филмотека)
Main facade of the head office, Bulgarian National Film Archive (Българска Национална Филмотека)

A cinematheque is an archive of films and film-related objects with an exhibition venue.[1][2] Similarly to a book library (bibliothèque in French), a cinematheque is responsible for preserving and making available to the public film heritage. Typically, a cinematheque has at least one motion picture theatre, which offers screenings of its collections and other international films.

Jerusalem Cinematheque

History

From the first cinema screenings until 1930, several attempts to establish film archives were initiated in Europe, the USA and Russia. As early as 1898, the photographer and cameraman Bolesław Matuszewski evoked the idea of a film archive. "It is a matter of giving this perhaps privileged source of history the same authority, the same official existence, the same access as to other archives already known".[3] The "Archives of the Planet” (Les Archives de la planète) were established by Albert Kahn, between 1912 and 1931.[4] Military film archives were also created in France, Germany and Great Britain after the First World War. The cinematheque of the city of Paris, for educational purposes, was created in 1925.[5]

However, it was not until the 1930s and the awareness of the destruction of films at the time of the transition to sound movies that the first film archives emerged. Some of the first formal film archives were created: in Stockholm in 1933, the Reichsfilmarchiv in Berlin in 1934, the National Film Library in London and the Film Library at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1935, the Cinémathèque française in Paris created in 1936.[6][7][8] In 1938, the International Federation of Film Archives was created, bringing together institutions devoted to cinematographic heritage.[7] On 27 October 1980, the General Conference of UNESCO adopted the "Recommendation for the Safeguarding and Preservation of Moving Images" which recognizes the need to preserve and provide access to cinematographic heritage.[9] In 1991, the Association of European Cinematheques (ACE - Association des Cinémathèques Européennes) was established.[10]

America

The Cinémathèque québécoise, Montreal
The Cinémathèque québécoise, Montreal
Canada
United States of America
Mexico
Other countries in America

Asia

Entrance to the new Tel Aviv Cinematheque
Entrance to the new Tel Aviv Cinematheque
China
Indonesia
Singapore
South Korea
Vietnam

Australia

Europe

Armenia
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Germany
Italy
Luxembourg
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Switzerland

Middle East

Iran
Israel

See also

References

  1. ^ "cinematheque". Collins English French Electronic Dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers. 2005. Archived from the original on 2009-07-18. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  2. ^ "cinémathèque". Wiktionnaire. Archived from the original on 2010-10-31. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  3. ^ Matuszewski, Boleslaw (1898). Une nouvelle source de l'histoire (eng. A New Source of History). Paris. p. 6.
  4. ^ "Les collection du Musée Albert-Kahn". Le Musée départemental Albert-Kahn. Archived from the original on 2016-06-15. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Cinémathèque Robert-Lynen - Les origines (Eng. Cinematheque Robert-Lynen - The origines)". Cinémathèque Robert-Lynen. Archived from the original on 2017-09-13. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  6. ^ "History of the archive". Swedish Film Institute. Archived from the original on 2015-10-29. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  7. ^ a b Christophe, Dupin (April 2013). "The Origins of FIAF, 1936-1938". FIAF. Archived from the original on 2015-12-05. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Les Collections". Cinémathèque française. Archived from the original on 2015-08-30. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Recommendation for the Safeguarding and Preservation of Moving Images". UNESCO. UNESCO. Archived from the original on 2004-06-28. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  10. ^ "History of ACE". Associations des Cinémathèques Europénnes. Archived from the original on 2018-08-19. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Cinémathèque royale de Belgique official site". Cinémathèque royale de Belgique. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
  12. ^ "Cinémathèque de la Ville de Luxembourg". Cinémathèque de la Ville de Luxembourg. Retrieved 8 October 2014.