Claremont
Top: Aerial view of the Claremont Central business district in 2007. Bottom left: The Arderne Gardens. Bottom right: St Saviour's Church.
Street map of Claremont
Street map of Claremont
Claremont is located in Western Cape
Claremont
Claremont
Claremont is located in South Africa
Claremont
Claremont
Claremont is located in Africa
Claremont
Claremont
Coordinates: 33°58′50″S 18°27′55″E / 33.98056°S 18.46528°E / -33.98056; 18.46528
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceWestern Cape
MunicipalityCity of Cape Town
Main PlaceCape Town
Established1834 as Claremont
Area
 • Total5.21 km2 (2.01 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total17,198
 • Density3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African16.8%
 • Coloured11.1%
 • Indian/Asian4.8%
 • White64.1%
 • Other3.2%
First languages (2011)
 • English83.4%
 • Afrikaans7.2%
 • Xhosa2.2%
 • Other7.2%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
7708
PO box
7735
Websitewww.claremontcentral.co.za

Claremont is a suburb of Cape Town, South Africa. It is situated 9 kilometres south of the city, and is one of the so-called "Southern Suburbs", it is situated alongside Lansdowne. It is an important commercial and residential area, which is currently experiencing significant growth and development.

History

Until the arrival of Dutch colonists in 1652, the uncultivated veld of the Cape Peninsula was used by the nomadic Khoikhoi as grazing for their cattle. The Dutch established an outpost on the shore of Table Bay, and in 1657 they established a number of farms south of the outpost. The most southerly of those original farms, named Louwvliet and Questenburg, are today covered by the suburbs of Claremont and Newlands.

The area was agricultural for about 150 years. Other estates that were established included Veldhuyzen in 1676, Stellenberg in 1697, Weltevreden (originally part of Stellenberg) in 1730, Sans Souci (originally part of Questenburg) in 1786, and The Vineyard in 1798. They produced grain and grapes, and some farmers made wine.

After the colony had been taken over by the British in 1814, the character of the area gradually changed from agricultural to residential. British settlers and officials bought the farms, renamed some of them, and turned them into country residences. Weltevreden was subdivided in 1822, and it was a portion of it that was later to be renamed Claremont. The distinguished British astronomer Sir John Herschel put the area on the map by living at Feldhausen (formerly Veldhuyzen) from 1834 to 1838.

Village (1840–1886)

A village began to develop on the main road near Feldhausen in the 1830s, and by 1840 it had become known as 'Claremont'. The annual Cape Almanac for 1840[2] described the area and stated that :

The new village of 'Claremont' succeeds, near to which, on the left, is 'Claremont House', the property of R. Waters Esq, who has lately laid out the grounds with much taste, in the manner usually known as the English style of landscape gardening.

The village grew during the 1840s and 1850s. Public transport consisted of horse-drawn omnibuses which plied along the Main Road from 1837 until the railway was opened in 1864.[3] In 1845 the timber merchant Ralph Henry Arderne started work on what would become the Arderne Gardens.[4] The gardens, by then regionally renowned, were bought by the municipal government and turned into a public park in 1928.[5]

In 1863, the Anglo-Italian immigrant and businessman John Molteno, who was later to become the Cape Colony's first prime minister, bought 140 acres of land centred on the Claremont House estate. The property was subdivided and developed from 1897 onwards, and Claremont House itself, situated in modern terms between Molteno Road to Pine Road, was later demolished. However its two extensions, Greenfield House and Barkly House, still stand today as schools.[6][7]

Claremont Train Station. See photosphere version

The opening of the railway from Cape Town to Wynberg in 1864 spurred subdivision and development.[8] The Feldhausen estate (also known as "The Grove") was subdivided in 1869–1870. A new Congregational Church was built on the Main Road in 1877. The Claremont Hall was opened in 1879.

The land along Lansdowne Road east of the railway line was subdivided and developed from 1882, creating a large residential area which is now known as "Harfield Village".

Municipality (1886–1913)

A suburban garden in Claremont, Cape Town at the turn of the 20th century. In the late 1800s Claremont urbanised and became a municipality.

In 1882, a village management board was formed, and in 1886 it was replaced by the Municipality of Claremont, which managed neighbouring Newlands too. The privately owned Claremont Hall was taken over as a town hall. The first telephone system was installed in the early 1880s.

There was further residential development, with the subdivision of the Claremont House, Lansdowne, Milburn House, and Paradise estates in the 1890s. An electricity power station was built, and an electric tramway service was introduced in 1897.[9]

The housing boom which followed the Anglo-Boer War saw the subdivision of further estates in the 1900s. Most streets were named in 1903–1904, many of them thematically (e.g. after saints, explorers, British counties and towns, American presidents, and British politicians).[10]

Suburb (1913– )

In 1913, Claremont and several other municipalities were incorporated into the city of Cape Town.

Considerable residential growth took place in the 1920s and 1930s, when estates such as Palmyra, Keurboom, Ravensworth, Sanatorium Estate, The Vineyard, Wyndover, and Edinburgh Estate were subdivided and developed. An additional railway station, named "Harfield Road", was built in 1931.

The government enforced its apartheid system on Claremont in the 1960s, forcing the Coloured residents to leave. As a result, large areas of the suburb stood derelict for several years.

Claremont remained predominantly residential until the early 1970s, when commercial development began. A major shopping mall, named Cavendish Square, was opened in 1973, and other shopping centres followed.

There was a further building boom in the 1990s, and the suburb is currently experiencing another, which includes the construction of three large apartment blocks, a hotel, two office blocks, the re-modeling of three other commercial buildings, and the construction of a transport interchange and a bypass road.

Places of worship

Claremont Congregational Church (founded in 1840, the present building dating from 1877) in 2010

Claremont places of worship, past and present:

Schools

Some Claremont schools, past and present:

Commerce and industry

Some Claremont businesses, past and present:

Many national banks and chains of shops have branches in Claremont. The suburb is also a business hub,[25] home to premium office spaces such as Paramount Place and Protea Place, amongst others. Companies such as ANVIL Property Smith, Rennie Knight Frank and Trend Space are known to assist with commercial property services. COVID-19 had a significant effect on office space supply in major office nodes across the country, including Claremont.[26]

Sport

Some Claremont sports clubs and facilities, past and present:

Medical

Claremont's first medical facility may have been the temporary isolation hospital set up during the 1882 smallpox epidemic. Other medical facilities, past and present:

Public amenities

The Cape Dutch style Claremont Civic Centre in 2010

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d "Sub Place Claremont". Census 2011.
  2. ^ South African Directory & Almanack (1840)
  3. ^ Coates, P.R. (1976). Track and Trackless
  4. ^ "Arderne Gardens". www.capetown.gov.za. Archived from the original on 2015-04-16. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
  5. ^ "History - The Arderne Gardens". Friends of the Arderne Gardens. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  6. ^ "History of Greenfield Girls Primary School - Claremont, Cape Town, South Africa". Archived from the original on 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
  7. ^ "Places important to the Family". Molteno Family History. 2012-08-12. Retrieved 2018-06-18.
  8. ^ "History of Stations on the Cape Town to Simonstown line | Atlantic Rail Heritage Steam Train Cape Town". www.atlanticrail.co.za. Archived from the original on 2011-09-26.
  9. ^ "About - Company Information". heritage.eskom.co.za. Archived from the original on 2018-12-31. Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  10. ^ Hart, P. (1999). Claremont, Newlands and Bishopscourt Street Names
  11. ^ Gamildien, F. (2004) Claremont Main Road Mosque
  12. ^ Langham-Carter, R.R. (1973) Under the Mountain
  13. ^ Thomas, L.R. (1993) St Matthew's Church
  14. ^ Anon (1979). Claremont Cavalcade
  15. ^ Tudor, D. (1980) Claremont Baptist Church 1905–80
  16. ^ Claremont Wynberg Hebrew Congregation (Kehillat Agudat Achim)
  17. ^ Old Apostolic Church Congregation, Claremont Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Claremont Primary School
  19. ^ "About Us - WPPS". 2015-04-20. Retrieved 2024-02-16.
  20. ^ Bel Porto School Archived 2013-02-15 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Abbotts College Archived 2007-05-24 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ Cape Town School of English
  23. ^ Cape Town School of Eurythmy
  24. ^ School of Practical Philosophy Archived 2008-05-17 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "Claremont: Cape Town's decentralised business hub". Retrieved 2023-05-04.
  26. ^ "Claremont - October 2022". www.rennieproperty.co.za. Retrieved 2023-05-23.
  27. ^ Booley, A. (1998) Forgotten Heroes

References