Manchester
South Australia
Manchester is located in South Australia
Manchester
Manchester
Coordinates32°31′54″S 137°27′37″E / 32.531780°S 137.460360°E / -32.531780; 137.460360
Established1891[1]
Area5,000 square kilometres (1,930 sq mi)[2]
LGA(s)City of Port Augusta (part)
City of Whyalla (part)
Pastoral Unincorporated Area[2]
Region Far North[3][2]
Eyre Western[4][2]
Lands administrative divisions around Manchester:
Newcastle
Hore-Ruthven Manchester Newcastle
Spencer Gulf
York York Spencer Gulf
FootnotesCoordinates[2]
Adjoining counties[5]

County of Manchester is a cadastral unit located in the Australian state of South Australia that covers land both located in the north-east of Eyre Peninsula and to the peninsula's north. It was proclaimed in 1891 and named after George Montagu, 6th Duke of Manchester who was the father-in-law of the Earl of Kintore GCMG, the Governor of South Australia at the time.

Description

The County of Manchester covers a part of South Australia associated in part with the east coast of Eyre Peninsula overlooking Spencer Gulf and in the part with land to the immediate north and which extends inland from the coastline for a distance of about 56 kilometres (35 mi).[2] The southern part of its extent is within Eyre Peninsula because the peninsula’s northern boundary passes through the county in an east-west direction. It is bounded to the west by the County of Hore-Ruthven, to the south by the County of York and to the east by the County of Newcastle and Spencer Gulf.[2][6][5][1]

Settlements include Iron Knob which is located on the western side of the county, and the following suburbs and localities located on the coastline with Spencer Gulf (from north to south) - Port Augusta West which is the part of the Port Augusta urban area, Commissariat Point, Blanche Harbor, Douglas Point and Douglas Point South.[2]

The county is served by the following roads which extend from Port Augusta - Stuart Highway which passes through the county to the north, the Eyre Highway which passes to the west and the Lincoln Highway which passes to the south, and in part by the Iron Knob Road which runs between Iron Knob and Whyalla which is located to the south of the county. [2][7]

The following railway lines pass through the county - the Trans-Australian Railway which travels to the north en route to Perth, the Whyalla railway line which travels south to its terminus at Whyalla, and part of the railway line which operates between Iron Knob and Whyalla.[2]

Land use within the county includes primary industrial activity such as grazing and mining, and a military training area known as the Cultana Training Area.[8][9][10]

Its extent includes parts of the local government areas of Port Augusta and Whyalla and land within the state’s Pastoral Unincorporated Area, and parts of the following state government regions - Eyre Western and the Far North.[2]

History

South Australian counties as of 1893 including Manchester

The County of Manchester was proclaimed on 21 May 1891 along with the hundreds of Castine, Copley and Handyside.[1]

The county was named by Algernon Keith-Falconer, 9th Earl of Kintore, the Governor of South Australia after his father-in-law, George Montagu, 6th Duke of Manchester.[11]

The following hundreds have been proclaimed within the county - Castine, Copley and Handyside in 1891, Jenkins in 1892 and Gillen in 1893.[12]

Constituent hundreds

Location of constituent hundreds

The hundreds are laid out from north to south along the county’s eastern boundary as follows - Castine, Copley, Gillen and Jenkins with the latter being bounded by the County of York to the south. The Hundred of Handyside is located on the west side of Copley and Gillen.[5]

Hundred of Castine

The Hundred of Castine (32°17′20″S 137°39′07″E / 32.288940°S 137.651950°E / -32.288940; 137.651950 (Hundred of Castine)) was proclaimed on 21 May 1891. It covers an area of 250 square kilometres (95 sq mi) and is named after John Castine, a member of the Parliament of South Australia.[13][1] Its extent includes parts of the localities of Carriewerlow and Mount Arden.[2]

Hundred of Copley

The Hundred of Copley (32°25′56″S 137°41′16″E / 32.432210°S 137.687890°E / -32.432210; 137.687890 (Hundred of Copley)) was proclaimed on 21 May 1891. It covers an area of 230 square kilometres (90 sq mi) and is named after William Copley, a former member of the South Australian Parliament.[14][1] Its extent includes parts of the localities of Carriewerlow, Mount Arden, Lincoln Gap and Port Augusta West.[2]

Hundred of Gillen

The Hundred of Gillen (32°35′44″S 137°41′41″E / 32.595450°S 137.694690°E / -32.595450; 137.694690 (Hundred of Gillen)) was proclaimed on 26 January 1893. It covers an area of 250 square kilometres (95 sq mi) and is named after P P Gillen, a former member of the South Australian Parliament.[15] Its extent includes the locality of Commissariat Point and parts of the localities of Cultana, Lincoln Gap and Port Augusta West.[2]

Hundred of Handyside

The Hundred of Handyside (32°34′00″S 137°31′34″E / 32.566720°S 137.526150°E / -32.566720; 137.526150 (Hundred of Handyside)) was proclaimed on 21 May 1891. It covers an area of 350 square kilometres (134 sq mi) and is named after A D Handyside, a former member of the South Australian Parliament.[16][1] Its extent includes parts of the localities of Carriewerlow, Cultana, Illeroo, Lincoln Gap and Pandurra.[2]

Hundred of Jenkins

The Hundred of Jenkins (32°46′46″S 137°41′46″E / 32.779470°S 137.696040°E / -32.779470; 137.696040 (Hundred of Jenkins)) was proclaimed on 28 January 1892. It covers an area of 400 square kilometres (154 sq mi) and is named after John Jenkins, a former member of the South Australian Parliament.[17] Its extent includes the localities of Blanche Harbor and Douglas Point, and parts of the localities of Cultana and Douglas Point South.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Bray, J.C. (21 May 1891). "untitled (new counties and hundreds)" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. 1891. Government of South Australia: 1337–1338. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Search result for "County of Manchester (CNTY)" (Record no SA0042393) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Local Government Areas", "Counties", "Hundreds" and "Government Regions"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  3. ^ "Far North SA Government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Eyre Western SA Government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  5. ^ a b c "HUNDRED MAP Series Index Map" (PDF). Department of Environment and Heritage, Government of South Australia. December 2008. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Search result for "Eyre Peninsula (Peninsula)" (Record no SA0023359)". Government of South Australia. 2011. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Naming of State Rural Roads, Eyre Peninsula" (PDF). Government of South Australia. 2011. Rack Plan 997. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 September 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Land Not Within a Council Area Eyre, Far North, Riverland and Whyalla, Consolidated – 18 October 2012" (PDF). Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. 2012. pp. 110–112, 161 and 167. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  9. ^ "Development Plan, Land Not Within a Council Area (Flinders)– 29 November 2012" (PDF). Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. 2012. pp. 40–41 and 50. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 October 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  10. ^ "Cultana Training Area". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. 2014. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  11. ^ "OUR NEW GOVERNOR". Adelaide Observer. Vol. XLV, no. 2465. South Australia. 29 December 1888. p. 24. Retrieved 12 December 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ Leadbeater, Maureen (2014). "Counties & Hundreds of South Australia". FamilyHistorySA. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  13. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Castine (HD)" (Record no SA0012808) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Copley (HD)" (Record no SA0016031) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  15. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Gillen (HD)" (Record no SA0026101) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  16. ^ "Search result for " Hundred of Handyside (HD)" (Record no SA0029232) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  17. ^ "Search result for "Hundred of Jenkins (HD)" (Record no SA0032787) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016.