Cyril Ritchard
Ritchard (left) and Eddie Mayehoff in the play Visit to a Small Planet (1957)
Cyril Joseph Trimnell-Ritchard

(1898-12-01)1 December 1898
Died18 December 1977(1977-12-18) (aged 79)[1]
Years active1918–1977
SpouseMadge Elliott

Cyril Joseph Trimnell-Ritchard (1 December 1898[2] – 18 December 1977),[1] known professionally as Cyril Ritchard, was an Australian stage, screen and television actor, and director. He is best remembered today for his performance as Captain Hook in the Mary Martin musical production of Peter Pan. In 1945, he played Gabriele Eisenstein in Gay Rosalinda at the Palace theatre in London, a version of Strauss's Die Fledermaus by Erich Wolfgang Korngold in which he appeared with Peter Graves. The show was conducted by Richard Tauber and ran for almost a year.[3]

Life and career

Ritchard was born in the Sydney suburb of Surry Hills,[1][4] one of five siblings born to Sydney-born parents: Herbert Trimnell-Ritchard, a Protestant grocer, and Margaret, sometimes called "Marguerite" (née Collins), a Roman Catholic, in whose faith the children were raised. Educated by the Jesuits at St Aloysius' College, Cyril studied medicine at the University of Sydney until he abandoned his medical career in 1917 and decided to become an actor.

Dance teacher Minnie Hooper suggested Ritchard team up with one of her dancers, Madge Elliott, but Madge rejected him because he couldn't dance. Two years later, after a practice waltz, Madge and Cyril realised they were a team, and they went on a dancing tour of New Zealand.[5]

Madge and Cyril appeared in Yes, Uncle![5] and Going Up, both in 1918. They then went their separate ways. Ritchard shared an apartment with Walter Pidgeon in New York while he appeared there, and Madge made her first West End appearance in 1925. Ritchard joined her in London and they reestablished the dancing partnership. In 1927 Laddie Cliff booked them to star in Lady Luck at the Carlton Theatre in 1927.[5]

In 1932 they returned to Australia where they were a hit. They appeared in a number of musicals, including Blue Roses. Their swan song performance in Australia[5] was their wedding ceremony at St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, in September 1935.[6] There were said to be 5,000 onlookers at the wedding; Madge's four-yard £400 veil had a starring role.[5]

Peter Pan

Ritchard achieved star status in 1954 as Captain Hook in the Broadway production of Peter Pan starring Mary Martin, who shared the same birthday as Ritchard (1 December). For his work in the show, he received a Tony Award as Best Featured Actor in a Musical.[7]

Both Ritchard and Martin starred in the NBC television productions of the musical, beginning with a live colour telecast in 1955. The television version was well-received, and Ritchard reprised his role in 1956 and 1960.[citation needed]

Additional Roles

In 1958, he starred in the Cole Porter CBS television musical Aladdin. In 1959, he was nominated for a second Tony Award, for Best Actor in a Play, for The Pleasure of His Company.

He appeared onstage in The Roar of the Greasepaint – The Smell of the Crowd (1965), with Anthony Newley, and played Osgood Fielding in Sugar (1972).[8] He was also a Broadway director: The Happiest Girl in the World (1961) (in which he also appeared), Roar Like a Dove (1964)[9][10] and The Irregular Verb to Love (1963) (in which he also appeared).[11]

His film appearances include the role of the villain in Alfred Hitchcock's early talkie Blackmail (1929) and much later in the Tommy Steele vehicle Half a Sixpence (1967).

Cyril Ritchard and Madge Elliott's wedding photo, 1935

Ritchard also appeared regularly on a variety of television programs in the late 1950s and 1960s. For example, he appeared as a mystery guest on What's My Line? on the 22 December 1957 episode of the popular Sunday night CBS-TV program.[12] In the 1950s Ritchard played the comic lead in Jacques Offenbach's operetta La Perichole at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. Later Ritchard served as a guest panelist on the Met's radio quiz show, where he was referred to as Sir Cyril, although he was never knighted. His wife, Madge Elliott, died of cancer in 1955 in New York.[5]


Shortly before he died, Ritchard performed as the voice of Elrond in the Rankin/Bass television production of The Hobbit. Ritchard lived at The Langham, an apartment house in New York.

He suffered a heart attack on 25 November 1977, while appearing as the narrator in the Chicago touring company of Side by Side by Sondheim. He died on 18 December 1977 in Chicago, aged 79.[1] He was buried beside his wife at Saint Mary's Cemetery in Ridgefield, Connecticut, near his rural home.[1] His funeral mass was celebrated by Archbishop Fulton Sheen.[6] He and Madge had a baby boy who died in infancy in 1939.


Radio appearances

Year Program Episode/source
1952 Theatre Guild on the Air The Pickwick Papers[13]


  1. ^ a b c d e Pace, Eric. "Cyril Ritchard, 79, Dies in Coma; Was Actor, Singer and Director". The New York Times. 19 December 1977.
  2. ^ Some sources cite 1897 as Cyril Ritchard's year of birth.
  3. ^ Castle, Charles; Naper-Tauber, Diana (1971). This was Richard Tauber. London: W. H. Allen. pp. 162–163. ISBN 978-0-4910-0117-5.
  4. ^ The New York Times obituary gives his year of birth as 1898; the Australian Dictionary of Biography gives his year of birth as 1897, see Rickard, John. Cyril Joseph Ritchard profile, Accessed 28 September 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Ritchard, Cyril Joseph (1897–1977), dancer, actor, and theatre director". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/73290. Retrieved 12 April 2020. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  6. ^ a b Richards, Leann. "Madge Elliott and Cyril Ritchard". History of Australian Theatre.
  7. ^ "Tony Awards, 1955". BroadwayWorld. Archived from the original on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  8. ^ Ritchard Listing, Broadway Internet Broadway Database; accessed 26 March 2012.
  9. ^ "Roar Like a Dove". Playbill Vault. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  10. ^ Roar Like a Dove, Internet Broadway Database. Accessed 26 March 2012.
  11. ^ The Irregular Verb to Love, Internet Broadway Database. Accessed 26 March 2012.
  12. ^ "What's My Line?: Episode #394".[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ Kirby, Walter (21 December 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 44. Retrieved 8 June 2015 – via