Daniel Z. Freedman
Known forPure 4D N = 1 supergravity
Scientific career

Daniel Zissel Freedman (born 1939 in Hartford, Connecticut) is an American theoretical physicist. He is an Emeritus Professor of Physics and Applied Mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and is currently a visiting professor at Stanford University. He is mainly known for his work in supergravity. He is a member of the U. S. National Academy of Sciences.[1]


Daniel Freedman completed his undergraduate degree from Wesleyan University and completed his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1964. In 1967–68, Freedman was a member of the School of Natural Sciences at the Institute for Advanced Study, and returned subsequently in 1973–74 and 1986–87.[2] He was appointed Professor of Applied Mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1980 and joint Professor of Physics in 2001. Before joining MIT, he was a professor at Stony Brook University.


In 1976, Daniel Z. Freedman codiscovered (with Sergio Ferrara and Peter van Nieuwenhuizen) supergravity. Freedman and van Nieuwenhuizen were on the faculty of the Stony Brook University. Supergravity generalizes Einstein's theory of general relativity by incorporating the then-new idea of supersymmetry. In the following decades it had implications for physics beyond the Standard Model, for superstring theory and for mathematics. For his work on supergravity, Freedman, a former Sloan and twice Guggenheim fellow, received in 1993 the Dirac Medal and Prize, in 2006 the Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics,[3] in 2016 the Majorana Medal[4] and in 2019 the Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics,[5] in each case together with his codiscoverers Sergio Ferrara and Peter van Nieuwenhuizen. Freedman also gave the 2002 Andrejewski Lectures in Mathematical Physics at the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences in Leipzig.[4]

Research interests

Daniel Freedman is a professor at MIT. His research is in quantum field theory, quantum gravity, and superstring theory with an emphasis on the role of supersymmetry. His most recent area of concentration is the AdS/CFT correspondence in which results on the strong coupling limit of certain 4-dimensional gauge theories can be obtained from calculations in classical 5-dimensional supergravity.

In the academic year 1993/94 Freedman was a visiting scientist in the CERN Theory Division, Geneva, Switzerland.[6]


  1. ^ "News from the National Academy of Sciences". April 26, 2021. Retrieved July 2, 2021. Newly elected members and their affiliations at the time of election are: ... Freedman, Daniel Z.; professor emeritus of applied mathematics and physics, department of mathematics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; visiting professor, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.
  2. ^ "Daniel Freedman". Institute for Advanced Study. Retrieved 2019-08-06.
  3. ^ Discovery of Supergravity at Stony Brook Recognized by the APS Dannie Heineman Prize.
  4. ^ a b Daniel Z. Freedman at MIT.
  5. ^ Mike Wall (August 6, 2019). "'Supergravity' Theorists Win $3 Million Physics Breakthrough Prize". Space.com. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  6. ^ "Freedman's publications authored during his sabbatical year at CERN". INSPIRE HEP. CERN. Retrieved 2019-10-17.