Decentralized Administration
of Crete
Αποκεντρωμένη Διοίκηση Κρήτης
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Agency overview
Formed1 January 2011 (2011-01-01)
JurisdictionGovernment of Greece
HeadquartersHeraklion, Crete
Agency executive
  • Secretary-General
Location of Crete in Greece
Area served
Supervised regionCrete
Regional units4
Area8,336 km2 (3,219 sq mi)[1]
Population623,065 (as of 2011)[2]

The Decentralized Administration of Crete (Greek: Αποκεντρωμένη Διοίκηση Κρήτης) is one of the seven decentralized administrations of Greece, solely consisting of the region of Crete. Its seat is in Heraklion.

Formation and tasks

Main article: Decentralized administrations of Greece

Decentralized Administrations were created in January 2011 as part of a far-reaching reform of the country's administrative structure, the Kallikratis reform (Law 3852/2010).[3]

They enjoy both administrative and financial autonomy[1] and exercise devolved state powers in urban planning, environmental and energy policy, forestry, migration and citizenship.[4] Beyond that, they are tasked with supervising the first and second-level self-governing bodies: the municipalities and regions, in this case the 24 municipalities of Crete and the region itself.


Covering an area of 8,336 km2 (3,219 sq mi),[1] Crete is one of the smallest of the seven decentralized administrations by area, second only to Attica. With an overall population of 623,065[2] it is also the third smallest decentralized administration by population, though having recently surpassed the much larger Decentralized Administration of Epirus and Western Macedonia.

In the European NUTS nomenclature, Crete together with the two regions of the Decentralized Administration of the Aegean forms the first level NUTS region EL4 (Nisia Aigaiou, Kriti).


The Decentralized Administration is led by a Secretary-General (Γενικός Γραμματέας) who is appointed or dismissed by a Cabinet decision upon request of the Greek Minister of Interior,[5] and is therefore considered the senior representative of the national government in the regions.

Following the electoral victory of Syriza in January 2015, the new Minister for the Interior, Nikos Voutsis, declared that the decentralized administrations would be abolished, and their powers transferred to the regions. Until this reform is formalized, and as the Secretaries-General appointed by the previous administration resigned on 2 February, the decentralized administrations are run by their senior civil servants as Acting Secretaries-General.[6][7]


  1. ^ a b c Ministry of Interior 2013, p. 12
  2. ^ a b "Demographic and social characteristics of the Resident Population of Greece according to the 2011 Population - Housing Census revision of 20/3/2014" (PDF). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 12 September 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-08.
  3. ^ Ministry of Interior 2013, p. 10 f..
  4. ^ Ministry of Interior 2013, p. 27.
  5. ^ Ministry of Interior 2013, p. 19.
  6. ^ Tania Georgiopoulou (5 February 2015). Κατάργηση Αποκεντρωμένων Διοικήσεων (in Greek). Kathimerini. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  7. ^ Ο Βούτσης «καταργεί» τις Αποκεντρωμένες Διοικήσεις – Κίνηση-ματ υπέρ των αιρετών Περιφερειών (in Greek). 3 February 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015.