.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Ukrainian and Russian. (September 2018) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 310 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Ukrainian Wikipedia article at [[:uk:Дитинець]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|uk|Дитинець)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Novgorod detinets in Veliky Novgorod, Russia

Detinets or Dytynets[note 1] is an ancient Rus' city-fort or central fortified part of a city, similar to the meaning of kremlin or citadel. The term was used in many regions, including: Kievan Rus', Chernihiv, Novgorod, and Kyiv.[1][2][3]

Old Russian manuscripts mention detinets in various places of Kievan Rus' since the end of the 11th century.[4] From the 13th to the 14th century, detinets were used only in the Russian Pskov-Novgorod region.[5]

The origin of the term is uncertain. Some derive it from the Old East Slavic word deti—"children", suggesting it was used to hide children and other less able people during a siege.[6] Polish philologist Lucyjan Malinowski derives the similarly sounding Polish term dziedziniec–"courtyard", from detinets.[7]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Russian: Детинец; Ukrainian: Дитинець

References

  1. ^ (in Ukrainian) Science-Research Institute for Monument Preservation[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ A. I. (Aleksandr Ignat'evich) Semenov, Novgoroskii Kreml (Novgorod: gazeta “Novgorodskaia Pravda,” 1964).
  3. ^ Manaev, Georgy (2020-05-11). "5 facts about Russia's OLDEST kremlin". www.rbth.com. Retrieved 2021-07-11.
  4. ^ "Дитинець".
  5. ^ Секретарь Л. А., Трояновский С. В. Детинец в градостроительной терминологии Древней Руси //Древняя Русь. Вопросы медиевистики. 2003. № 4 (14). С. 64.
  6. ^  "Детинец или Днешний град" . Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). 1906.
  7. ^ Lucyjan Malinowski, "Przyczynki do historii wyrazow polskich", Polska akademia umiejętności wydział filologiczny. Rozprawy i spawozwania, vol. X, 1884, p. 454, paragraph "Dziedziniec"