Entlebuch District
Wahlkreis Entlebuch
Location of Entlebuch District
Country Switzerland
Canton Luzern
 • Total424.43 km2 (163.87 sq mi)
 • Total23,303
 • Density55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Entlebuch District is one of six districts (German: Wahlkreise) of the canton of Lucerne, Switzerland. Its administrative center is the village of Schüpfheim. Entlebuch District roughly corresponds to the basin of the river Kleine Emme. The district receives its name from the village of Entlebuch, which is in turn named for the rivers Grosse and Kleine Entle, a right tributary of Kleine Emme.

From 1803 to 2013, it was known as Amt Entlebuch, one of five districts (Ämter) of the canton. It corresponds to the basin of the river Kleine Emme, which had been a territory of the canton of Lucerne de facto since 1385, de jure since 1405.


Its area of 395 km² is roughly equivalent to that of the historical bailiwick of Entlebuch, first mentioned in the 12th century. The bailiwick was owned by the lords of Wolhusen in the 13th century, and passed to the House of Habsburg shortly before 1300. In the 1370s, Entlebuch was in conflict with Obwalden over the right to alpine pastures, culminating in the Battle of Sörenberg in 1380. As a result of the conflict, the Entlebuch sought an alliance with the city of Lucerne and in 1385 became a subject territory of that city. After the Battle of Sempach in 1405, when a central Swiss alliance fought an army of House Habsburg, the contract of 1385 was de jure certified. Territorial conflicts with Bern were resolved with a treaty in 1470.

Historically characterised by dispersed settlement, villages formed around churches as from the 16th century. The local population revolted repeatedly against the rule of Lucerne during the 15th to 17th century, most notably the Amstaldenhandel (1478), the Zwiebelnkrieg (1513) and the finally the Swiss Peasant War of 1653.

The modern Amt (district) Entlebuch was established in 1803 as a consequence of the restructuring of Switzerland after the dissolution of the Helvetic Republic. Werthenstein was incorporated to the district only in 1889.

The bailiwick had 2,260 inhabitants in 1453, and 5,377 in 1715. Population grew significantly in the later 18th century due to industrialisation, recorded at 12,182 as of 1795. At the height of industrialisation, population was close to 17,000 in 1850.

The region was long known as the "poorhouse of Switzerland" (also as the "Wild West of Lucerne") and is struggling for economic independence even today.

In 2001 UNESCO accepted the region of Entlebuch to become part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, in which conservation of the natural and cultural landscape is coupled with strengthening the local economy.


Entlebuch consists of the following municipalities:

Municipality Population
(31 December 2020)[1]
Area, km²
Doppleschwand 816 6.95
Entlebuch 3,230 56.90
Escholzmatt-Marbach 4,349 106.4
Flühli 1,836 108.24
Hasle 1,739 40.33
Romoos 656 37.24
Schüpfheim 4,237 38.37
Werthenstein 2,125 15.80
Wolhusen 4,315 14.3
Total 23,303 424.43[2]
View from the Mittlist Gfäll Alp to Schrattenflue and Chemmeribodenflue in the Entlebuch region

Mergers and name changes

See also


  1. ^ "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  2. ^ LUSTAT-Canton of Lucerne Statistical Office Archived 2012-02-29 at the Wayback Machine as of 2000 survey, (in German) accessed 25 August 2009
  3. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz Archived 2015-11-13 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 9 February 2013
  4. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 2 January 2013

46°56′N 8°0′E / 46.933°N 8.000°E / 46.933; 8.000