Within a contract, an exculpatory clause is a statement that aims to prevent one party from holding the other party liable for damages.[1] An exculpatory clause is generally only enforceable if it does not conflict with existing public policy.[2] The two other prerequisites for an exculpatory clause to be valid are that the contract must pertain to the involved parties' private affairs, and each of the involved parties must be free bargaining agents to the contract in question such that there is no adhesion.[3]

Example uses

For information regarding the exculpatory clause applied towards spectators at baseball games, see Baseball Rule.

A swimming pool at Comfort Inn located in Downtown Charleston, South Carolina with a posted sign stating "No lifeguard on duty, swim at your own risk"

Additional resources


  1. ^ "exculpatory clause". law.cornell.edu. Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School. July 2021. Retrieved November 28, 2023.
  2. ^ Sido, Kevin R. (2006). Architect and Engineer Liability: Claims Against Design Professionals. Aspen Publishers. p. 422. ISBN 9780735561038.
  3. ^ Rapp, Geoffrey (2020). Tort Law in Focus. Wolters Kluwer. p. 405. ISBN 9781543807820.
  4. ^ Barth, Stephen C.; Hayes, David K. (2006). "Chapter 2: Hospitality Contracts". Hospitality Law: Managing Legal Issues in the Hospitality Industry. Wiley. p. 46. ISBN 9780471464259.
  5. ^ Sirota, David (2004). "Chapter 5: Financing for Real Estate Investments". Essentials of Real Estate Investment. Dearborn Real Estate Education. p. 95. ISBN 9780793143610.
  6. ^ Cameron, John G. (2000). A Practitioner's Guide to Construction Law. American Law Institute-American Bar Association Committee on Continuing Professional Education. p. 5-19 and 5-20. ISBN 9780831808037.
  7. ^ de Yoanna, Michael (March 20, 2019). "The Thousands Of Colorado Ski Injuries That Resorts Don't Tell You About". kunc.org. KUNC. Retrieved November 29, 2023.
  8. ^ Pearson, Michael W.; Riley, Daniel S. (April 15, 2016). Foundations of Aviation Law. Taylor & Francis. p. 301. ISBN 9781317133711.
  9. ^ a b Pozgar, George D. (2004). Legal Aspects of Health Care Administration. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. p. 330–331. ISBN 9780763731823.
  10. ^ Reynolds, Jeremiah (August 25, 2005). "Make Sure Contractual Limits On Liability Are Enforceable" (PDF). Los Angeles Daily Journal. Los Angeles. Retrieved December 1, 2023.