.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Finnish. (June 2023) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Finnish Wikipedia article at [[:fi:Valtatie 9]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|fi|Valtatie 9)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
National Road 9 shield))
National Road 9
Vaajakoski Motorway (Finnish: Vaajakosken moottoritie)
Vaajakosken Moottoritie.jpg
Route information
Part of E63
Maintained by the Finnish Transport Agency
Length663 km (412 mi)
Major junctions
ToNiirala (Tohmajärvi)
Major citiesTampere, Jyväskylä, Kuopio, Joensuu
Highway system

The Finnish national road 9 (Finnish: Valtatie 9, Swedish: Riksväg 9) is a main route. It runs from Turku through Loimaa, Tampere, Jämsä, Jyväskylä, Kuopio, Outokumpu and Joensuu to the Niirala border guard station in Tohmajärvi, right next to the Russian border. The length of the road is 663 kilometres (412 mi).

Apart from the short section right near the center of Turku, highway 9 from Turku to Vuorela of Siilinjärvi is also part of the European route E63, which continues from Kuopio via Kajaani and Kuusamo to Sodankylä. In the case of Jyväskylä, the highway is known as the four-lane Vaajakoski Motorway (Finnish: Vaajakosken moottoritie). The road belongs to the main roads defined by the Ministry of Transport and Communications and to the Trans-European road network.


Highways 9 (E63), 18 and 23 (Rantaväylä) in Jyväskylä towards Kuopio

The road passes through the following municipalities:

TurkuLietoAuraPöytyäLoimaaHumppilaUrjalaAkaaValkeakoskiLempääläTampereKangasalaOrivesiJämsäJyväskyläMuurame – Jyväskylä (again) – LaukaaHankasalmiPieksämäkiRautalampi – Pieksämäki (again) – Rautalampi (again) – SuonenjokiLeppävirtaKuopioSiilinjärvi – Kuopio (again) – TuusniemiOutokumpuLiperiJoensuuTohmajärvi.

Highway 9 from Kuopio to Tohmajärvi is part of the Blue Highway, which is an international tourist route from Norway via Sweden and Finland to Russia.

The Nokkakivi amusement park is located along the highway in Laukaa's Lievestuore between cities of Jyväskylä and Kuopio.[1][2]


In the road numbering system of 1938, the route from Turku through Huittinen, Tampere and Jämsä to Jyväskylä was numbered as road 9. The route of the road has changed significantly since these times. Initially, the road followed partly the same route as Highways 2 (from Vampula to Huittinen), 11 (from Huhijärvi in Mouhijärvi to Tampere) and 3 and 12 (from Tampere to Huutijärvi in Kangasala). Even before the Winter War, road improvements had been started by straightening the worst bends, for example between Kangasala and Orivesi. The rehabilitation of the section between Huutijärvi and Orivesi in Kangasala was completed as unemployed in 1953–1955, but when completed the road no longer met the requirements of increased traffic. At the end of the 1950s, a four-way intersection was formed on Lake Huutijärvi after the completion of the road through Sahalahti and Kuhmalahti to Kuhmoinen (now regional road 325).[3]

In the early 1960s, the gap between Orivesi and Jämsä was significantly adjusted. The road was lined from Längelmäki's Länkipohja to Jämsä directly, when the old road circled through Kuorevesi Hall. However, even this road turned out to be narrow and winding before traffic picked up. The first 14-kilometer section of the highway between Turku and the Lieto station area was completed in 1967.[4] The intersection of Highways 2 and 9 in Huittinen's Mommola, which became known for numerous traffic accidents, was converted into a level crossing in the same year.[5]

In 2000, the Helsinki-Tampere motorway was completed and a 9-way route was added: about eight kilometers of new roads were built north of Kylmäkoski to the north-west of Toijala, where 9-road joins Highway 3. The journey between Turku and Tampere was extended by a few kilometers. 19 kilometers of new motorway section were created. The old road from Kylmäkoski to Lempäälä was numbered 190. In 2001–2003, the road between Orivesi and Jämsä and between Korpilahti and Muurame was significantly improved. The orientation of the road was improved by leveling hills and straightening bends, the road was widened, medium-railed bypass lanes and game fences were built on it, as well as new bridges and level crossings.[6]

In 2010, Highway 9 was extended from Kuopio to the Niirala border station by connecting Highway 17 and Main Road 70 as part of it.[7]



  1. ^ NOKKAKIVEN PUISTO (in Finnish)
  2. ^ Viihtyisä huvipuisto Lievestuoreella (in Finnish)
  3. ^ Raine Raitio: Liikenne muuttaa maisemaa, esimerkkinä Kangasala. Tietä perille: Mobilia-vuosikirja 1994, p. 86–89. Kangasala: Vehoniemen Automuseosäätiö, 1994. (in Finnish)
  4. ^ Kirsti Lehtomäki (toim.): Liikkeelle! sanoi Kekkonen (Mobilia-vuosikirja 2015), p. 19. Kangasala: Mobilia-säätiö, 2015. (in Finnish)
  5. ^ Hannu Tarmio, Pentti Papunen ja Kalevi Korpela (toim.): Suomenmaa 2: maantieteellis-yhteiskunnallinen tieto- ja hakuteos, p. 105. Porvoo-Helsinki: WSOY, 1968. (in Finnish)
  6. ^ "VT 9 Orivesi–Jämsä" (in Finnish). Destia. February 13, 2007. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  7. ^ "Valtatie 9 ulottuu jatkossa läpi Suomen" (in Finnish). Helsinki: Ministry of Transport and Communications. February 16, 2010. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved January 18, 2021.