Peru is an important first-tier state in South America,[1] Peru has been a member of the United Nations since 1949, and Peruvian Javier Pérez de Cuéllar served as UN Secretary General from 1981 to 1991. Former President Alberto Fujimori's tainted re-election to a third term in June 2000 strained Peru's relations with the United States and with many Latin American and European countries, but relations improved with the installation of an interim government in November 2000 and the inauguration of Alejandro Toledo in July 2001.

Peru is planning full integration into the Andean Free Trade Area. In addition, Peru is a standing member of APEC and the World Trade Organization, and is an active participant in negotiations toward a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA).

Bilateral relations

Nations with which Peru has diplomatic relations.
Nations with which Peru has diplomatic relations.

Africa

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Algeria September 1966
  • Algeria has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Algiers.
 Angola 6 September 1985
  • Angola and Peru established bilateral relations on 6 September 1985.
  • Angola is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Benin 22 November 2017
  • Peru and Benin established bilateral relations on 22 November 2017.
 Botswana May 5 1989
  • Peru and Botswana enjoy bilateral relations.
 Burkina Faso March 1966
  • Burkina Faso is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Washington, D.C.
  • Burkina Faso is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Cameroon
  • Peru and Cameroon enjoy bilateral relations.
 Cape Verde 9 November 1988
  • Cape Verde and Peru enjoy bilateral relations.
 Central African Republic
  • Peru and the Central African Republic enjoy bilateral relations.
  • The Central African Republic is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Washington, D.C.
Congo-Brazzaville 19 July 1975
  • The Republic of the Congo is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
Congo-Kinshasa 3 August 1975
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo and Peru enjoy bilateral relations.
 Djibouti 28 February 2018
  • Peru and Djibouti established bilateral relations on 28 February 2018.
 Egypt 1952
  • Egypt has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Cairo.
 Equatorial Guinea 28 April 1981
  • Equatorial Guinea is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Eswatini 8 June 1989 and 5 August 2005 - Joint Communique
  • Eswatini and Peru enjoy bilateral relations.
 Ethiopia 25 November 1967
  • Peru and Ethiopia enjoy bilateral relations.
 Ghana 23 June 1987
 Guinea 8 January 1975
  • Peru and Guinea enjoy bilateral relations.
 Guinea Bissau September 29 1986
  • Peru and Guinea Bissau enjoy bilateral relations.
 Ivory Coast 18 August 1964
  • Ivory Coast is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Kenya 25 February 1976
  • Kenya is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
  • Peru has a consulate in Nairobi.
 Lesotho 21 July 1989
  • Lesotho and Peru enjoy bilateral relations.
 Libya 25 April 1974
  • Libya is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
  • Peru was the first country to sever relations with Libya before the civil war.
 Mali 16 July 1998
  • Mali is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Mauritania 19 June 1990
  • Mauritania is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
  • Peru is accredited to Mauritania from its embassy in Rabat.
 Morocco 18 June 1964
  • Morocco has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Rabat.
 Mauritius December 14 2005
  • Mauritius and Peru enjoy bilateral relations.
 Mozambique 20 February 1986
  • Peru is accredited to Mozambique from its embassy in Pretoria.
 Namibia 11 July 1990
  • Namibia is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Niger 17 November 1965
  • Niger and Peru enjoy bilateral relations.
 Nigeria 6 July 1971
  • Nigeria is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Buenos Aires.
 Rwanda 7 December 2017
  • Peru and Rwanda enjoy bilateral relations.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 5 May 1987, broken 9 September 1996, restored 8 September 2021 - Joint Communique, Lima
  • The SADR has a mission and former embassy in Lima.
  • Peru established formal relations with the SADR in 1987, under Alan García, but recognition existed since 16 August 1984. Said relations expired on 9 September 1996, with Peru taking a neutral part in the Western Sahara conflict.[2][3][4]
  • On September 8, 2021, Peru and the SADR re-established their bilateral relations.[5]
 São Tomé and Príncipe 4 May 1989
  • São Tomé and Príncipe and Peru enjoy bilateral relations.
 Senegal
  • Senegal is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
  • Peru is accredited to Senegal from its embassy in Rabat.
 Seychelles 15 January 1992
  • The Seychelles and Peru enjoy bilateral relations.
 Sierra Leone 15 May 1989
  • Sierra Leone is accredited to Peru from its embassy in New York City.
 South Africa 28 July 1993
  • Peru has an embassy in Pretoria.
  • South Africa is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Santiago, Chile.
 Sudan October 7 1988
  • Sudan is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Tanzania 11 August 1975
  • Tanzania is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Togo 18 December 2017
  • Peru and Togo established bilateral relations on 18 December 2017.
 Tunisia September 1966
  • Peru is accredited to Tunisia from its embassy in Algiers.
 Uganda 4 June 2021
  • Peru and Uganda established bilateral relations on 4 June 2021.
 Zambia 5 October 1970
  • Peru is accredited to Zambia from its embassy in Pretoria.
 Zimbabwe March 1986
  • Peru is accredited to Zimbabwe from its embassy in Pretoria.

Americas

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Antigua and Barbuda 24 June 1985
  • Peru and Antigua and Barbuda enjoy bilateral relations.
 Argentina 10 July 1822 See Argentina–Peru relations
 Bahamas September 18 1985
  • Peru is accredited to the Bahamas from its embassy in Santo Domingo.
 Barbados 29 February 1968
 Belize 27 November 1991
 Bolivia 24 June 1826 See Bolivia–Peru relations
  • Bolivia has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in La Paz.
 Brazil 3 February 1827 See Brazil–Peru relations
 Canada 21 October 1944
 Chile 13 October 1822 See Chile–Peru relations

In November 1999, Peru and Chile signed three agreements which put to rest the remaining obstacles holding up implementation of the 1929 Treaty of Lima, which officially ended the 1879 War of the Pacific. In December 1999, President Alberto Fujimori made the first visit ever to Chile by a Peruvian head of state.

Relations between the two nations have since mostly recovered. In 2005, the Peruvian Congress unilaterally approved a law which increased the stated sea limit with Chile. This law superseded the Peruvian supreme decree 781 for same purpose from 1947, which had autolimited its maritime border to geographical parallels only. Peru's position was that the border has never been fully demarcated, but Chile disagreed reminding on treaties in 1952 and 1954 between the countries, which supposedly defined seaborder. The border problem has still not been solved. However, Chile's Michelle Bachelet and Peru's Alan García have established a positive diplomatic relationship, and it is very unlikely any hostilities will break out because of the dispute.

Nevertheless, in early April 2007, Peruvian nationalistic sectors, mainly represented by left wing ex-presidential candidate Ollanta Humala decided to congregate at 'hito uno' right at the border with Chile, in a symbolic attempt to claim sovereignty over a maritime area known in Peru as Mar de Grau (Grau's Sea) just west of the Chilean city of Arica. Peruvian police stopped a group of nearly 2,000 people just 10 km from the border, preventing them from reaching their intended destination. Despite these incidents, the presidents of both Chile and Peru have confirmed their intentions to improve the relationships between the two countries, mainly fueled by the huge amount of commercial exchange between both countries' private sectors.

  • Chile has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Santiago.
 Colombia 6 June 1822 See Colombia–Peru relations
  • Colombia has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Bogotá.
 Costa Rica 25 April 1852
  • Costa Rica has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in San José.
 Cuba 11 January 1905, broken 30 December 1960, restored 8 July 1972 See Cuba–Peru relations
  • Peru had relations with Cuba prior to 1972, but broke them off in the 1960s.
  • Cuba has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Havana.
 Dominica 18 March 1986
  • Peru and Dominica established formal relations in 1986.[12]
 Dominican Republic 6 April 1874[13]
 Ecuador 26 September 1831 See Ecuador–Peru relations
  • In October 1998, Peru and Ecuador signed a peace accord which definitively resolved border differences which had, over the years, resulted in armed conflict. Peru and Ecuador are now jointly coordinating an internationally sponsored border integration project. The United States Government, as one of four guarantor states, was actively involved in facilitating the 1998 peace accord between Peru and Ecuador and remains committed to its implementation. The United States has pledged $40 million to the Peru-Ecuador border integration project and another $4 million to support Peruvian and Ecuadorian demining efforts along their common border.
  • In November 2009, Peru made an agreement with Ecuador in which Peru would export between 40 and 50 megawatts of electricity until April 2010 in order to help Ecuador with its energy crisis.[14] Rafael Correa, Ecuador's president, expressed his gratitude to Peru for its generous aid during Ecuador's energy crisis.[15]
  • Ecuador has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Quito and a consulate in Guayaquil.
 El Salvador 10 June 1857 See El Salvador–Peru relations
 Grenada 17 March 1983
  • Peru and Grenada enjoy bilateral relations.
 Guatemala 20 April 1857
 Guyana 17 July 1971
  • Both countries have established diplomatic relations on 17 July 1971.
  • Guyana is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília, Brazil.
  • Peru is accredited to Guyana from its embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
  • Both countries are full members of Organization of American States and Union of South American Nations.
 Haiti 1929
 Honduras 5 August 1856
 Mexico 13 June 1822 See Mexico–Peru relations

Peru and Mexico have historically had a unique relationship solidly based on that they share two of the most significant ancient cultures in the Americas. Both countries have expressed solidarity over the need to defend the recovery of cultural and archaeological heritage in the form of artifacts that have been illegally stolen from Peru and Mexico and which are to this date, illegally or legitimately kept in foreign locations. Peru's President Alan García and Mexico's Felipe Calderón signed a joint declaration in April 2011 aimed at deepening the two countries' friendship, cooperation, integration, trade, investments and the permanent fight against poverty and organized crime. The two countries aim to achieve a new model of integration within Latin America, and to represent a positive, realistic, and active example of integration amongst two "brotherly" nations.

 Jamaica 29 April 1970
  • Jamaica has a consulate in Lima
  • Jamaica is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Venezuela.
 Nicaragua 28 June 1850
  • Nicaragua has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Managua.
 Panama 2 March 1908
 Paraguay 2 May 1858
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Peru is accredited to Saint Kitts and Nevis from its embassy in Santo Domingo.
 Saint Lucia 1985
  • Peru is accredited to Saint Lucia through its embassy in Port of Spain.
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5 May 1986
  • Peru is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines through its embassy in Port of Spain.
 Suriname 23 June 1978
  • Peru is accredited to Suriname from its embassies in Brazil.
 Trinidad and Tobago 5 June 1968
  • Peru has an embassy in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
 United States 2 May 1826
  • The U.S. maintains an embassy in Lima, Peru. There is a U.S. Consular Agency in Cuzco, and the USAID building is located in Lima.
 Uruguay 13 November 1858
 Venezuela 17 February 1853

In October 2021, the leftist government of Peru re-established diplomatic relations with the leftist Venezuelan government of President Nicolas Maduro after four years.[21]

  • Peru has an embassy in Caracas.
  • Venezuela has an embassy in Lima.

Asia

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
Afghanistan Afghanistan 27 September 2012, New York See Foreign relations of Afghanistan
 Armenia 20 April 1992[22] Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 April 1992.
 Azerbaijan 25 June 1996[23] See Azerbaijan-Peru relations
  • Azerbaijan has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Baku.
 Bahrain 22 September 2009
  • Bahrain is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Bangladesh 28 February 1983
  • Bangladesh is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Mexico City.
  • Peru is accredited to Bangladesh from its embassy in Bangkok.
 Brunei 1 June 1990
  • Brunei is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Washington, D.C.
  • Peru is accredited to Brunei from its embassy in Bangkok.
 Cambodia 31 May 1976
  • Peru is accredited to Cambodia from its embassy in Kuala Lumpur.
  • Cambodia have no official accredited Resident to Peru.
China China 2 November 1971 See China–Peru relations
Countries which signed cooperation documents related to the Belt and Road Initiative
Countries which signed cooperation documents related to the Belt and Road Initiative
Taiwan China (ROC) 26 June 1874, broken 2 November 1971 See China–Peru relations and Foreign relations of Taiwan
 India 29 March 1963 See India–Peru relations
 Indonesia 12 August 1975 See Indonesia-Peru relations
  • Indonesia has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Jakarta.
 Iran 20 November 1973
  • Iran is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Quito.
  • Peru had an embassy in Tehran until 1978.
  • Peru is accredited to Iran from its non-resident embassy in New Delhi.
 Iraq 11 October 1975 and 11 July 2012 renew diplomatic relations
  • Peru and Iraq agreed to renew their bilateral ties in 2012.
  • Iraq is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Caracas.
 Israel 20 August 1957
 Japan 21 August 1873, broken 24 January 1942, restored 8 June 1952 See Japan–Peru relations
 Jordan 21 October 1985
  • Jordan is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
  • Peru is accredited to Jordan from its embassy in Cairo.
 Kazakhstan 6 February 1997
  • Peru and Kazakhstan established bilateral relations in 1997.
 North Korea 15 December 1988
  • North Korea has an embassy in Lima.
  • Diplomatic relationships between both countries are suspended since 2017.
 South Korea 1 April 1963[26]

The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and the Republic of Peru started on 1 April 1963.[26]

  • Peru has an embassy in Seoul.
  • South Korea has an embassy in Lima.
 Kuwait 1 December 1975
 Kyrgyzstan 2 June 1999
  • Both countries established non-resident ties on 2 June 1999.
 Laos 27 April 1989
  • Laos is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Havana.
  • Peru is accredited to Laos from its embassy in Bangkok.
 Lebanon May 1949
  • Peru is accredited to Lebanon from its embassy in Cairo.
 Malaysia 24 April 1986 See Malaysia–Peru relations
  • Malaysia has an embassy in Lima
  • Peru has an embassy in Kuala Lumpur
 Maldives 6 February 1989
  • The Maldives are accredited to Peru from their embassy in New York City
  • Peru is accredited to the Maldives from its embassy in India.
 Mongolia 30 May 1997
  • Mongolia is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
  • Peru is accredited to Mongolia from its embassy in Beijing.
 Myanmar 21 February 1989
  • Myanmar is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
  • Peru is accredited to Myanmar from its embassy in Bangkok.
   Nepal 28 January 1976
  • Nepal is accredited to Peru from its embassy in New York City.
  • Peru is accredited to Nepal from its embassy in India.
 Oman 14 May 1986
  • Oman is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Pakistan 1 September 1974
  • Pakistan is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Buenos Aires.
  • Peru is accredited to Pakistan from its embassy in Beijing.
 Palestine 30 April 2011
  • Peru recognized Palestine on 24 January 2011.[27]
  • Palestine has an embassy in Lima.
 Philippines 30 November 1974
  • Peru is accredited to the Philippines from its embassy in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • Philippines is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Santiago, Chile.
 Qatar 7 November 1989 At an official level, both countries began diplomatic relations in 1989.[28]
  • Peru has an embassy in Doha.
  • Qatar has an embassy in Lima.
 Saudi Arabia 19 March 1986
  • Peru has an embassy in Riyadh.
  • Saudi Arabia has an embassy in Lima.
 Thailand 10 November 1965
  • Peru has an embassy in Bangkok.
  • Thailand has an embassy in Lima.
 Singapore 27 October 1980
  • Singapore is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Singapore.
  • Peru has an embassy in Singapore.
 Sri Lanka 17 March 1975
  • Sri Lanka is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Syria 16 August 1975
  • Syria is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Santiago.
 Tajikistan 21 January 2000
  • Peru and Tajikistan established bilateral relations on 21 January 2000.
 Timor-Leste 30 September 2002
  • Peru and East Timor established bilateral relations on 30 September 2002.
  • Peru is accredited to East Timor from its embassy in Jakarta.
 Turkey 1952[29] See Peru–Turkey relations
  • Peru has an embassy in Ankara and a Consulate General in Istanbul.[29]
  • Turkey has an embassy in Lima.[29]
  • Trade volume between the two countries was US$250 million in 2019 (Peruvian exports/imports: 72.6/177.4 million USD).[29]
 Turkmenistan 7 May 1997
 United Arab Emirates 17 June 1986
  • Peru has a consulate-general in Dubai.
  • The UAE has an embassy in Lima.
 Uzbekistan 22 December 1999
  • Peru and Uzbekistan established bilateral relations on December 22 1999.
 Vietnam 14 November 1994 See Peru–Vietnam relations
 Yemen
  • Peru is accredited to Yemen from its embassy in Riyadh.

Europe

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Albania 6 December 1971
  • Peru and Albania established formal relations in 1971.
  • Albania is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
 Andorra 3 June 1997
  • Andorra does not hold an embassy in Peru.
  • Peru is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Austria
  • Austria has an embassy in Lima, and honorary consulates in Cuzco, Trujillo, Iquitos, and Arequipa.
  • Peru has an embassy in Vienna, and consulates in Innsbruck and Salzburg. [30]
 Belarus 19 February 1997
  • Belarus is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Buenos Aires.
  • Peru is accredited to Belarus from its embassy in Moscow.
 Belgium 1 April 1852
  • Belgium has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Brussels.
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 23 January 1998
  • Peru is accredited to Bosnia and Herzegovina from its embassy in Budapest.
 Bulgaria 18 April 1969 See Bulgaria–Peru relations
 Croatia 12 January 1993
 Cyprus 19 September 1966
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1966.[32]
  • Cyprus is represented in Peru through its embassy in Brasilia, Brazil.[33]
  • Peru is accredited to Cyprus from it missions in Italy.
 Czech Republic 11 July 1922, broken 4 October 1957, restored 27 December 1968 ( with Czech Republic from 2 January 1993)
  • Peru first established relations with Czechoslovakia in 1922.[34]
  • Czech Republic has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Prague.
 Denmark
 Estonia 27 July 1995
  • Estonia is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
  • Peru is accredited to Estonia from its embassy in Helsinki.
 Finland 25 January 1963
 European Union 2000[35]
  • The European Union has a consulate in Lima.
  • Peru has a section of its Ministry of Foreign Affairs dedicated to the European Union, as well as diplomatic relationships with its members.
 France 1826 See France–Peru relations
  • France has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Paris.
 Georgia 14 January 2010
  • Georgia is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
  • Peru has a consulate in Tbilisi.
 Germany 28 June 1951 with FRG (before 23 September 1870, broken 5 October 1917, restored 21 May 1920, broken 24 January 1942)
  • Peru has an embassy in Berlin and consulates-general in Hamburg, Munich and Offenbach.
  • Germany has an embassy in Lima, and honorary consulates in Arequipa, Piura, Bagua, and Trujillo. [30]
  • Formal diplomatic relations between the two countries have existed since the 19th century. These were severed on January 26 1943, during World War II, and resumed on 28 June 1951 (only with the Federal Republic of Germany).
 Greece 3 December 1965 See Greece–Peru relations
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1966.[36]
  • Greece has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Athens.
 Hungary 16 April 1969
  • Peru has an embassy in Budapest.
  • Hungary has an embassy in Lima.
 Iceland 14 November 1967
  • Iceland is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Ottawa.
  • Peru is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Oslo.
 Ireland 27 June 1999
  • Ireland is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Santiago and maintains an honorary consulate in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Dublin.
 Italy 1874-12-23 See Italy–Peru relations
 Latvia 23 July 1996
  • Latvia is accredited to Peru through its embassy in Berlin.
  • Peru is accredited to Latvia through its embassy in Helsinki.
 Liechtenstein 5 July 1996
  • Liechtenstein does not have an embassy accredited to Peru.
  • Peru is accredited to Liechtenstein from its embassy in Bern.
 Lithuania 9 June 1997
  • Peru is accredited to Lithuania from its embassy in Helsinki.
 Luxembourg 14 June 1962
  • Luxembourg is accredited to Peru through its embassy in Berlin.
  • Peru is accredited to Luxembourg from its embassy in Brussels.
 Malta 29 April 1977
 Moldova 11 August 1995
  • Peru is accredited to Moldova from its embassy in Bucharest.
 Monaco 13 October 2010
  • Monaco is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Paris, and it has a consulate in Lima.
  • Peru is accredited to Monaco from its embassy in Paris.
 Montenegro 12 September 2006
  • Peru is accredited to Montenegro from its embassy in Bucharest.
 Netherlands 1 February 1826
  • Netherlands has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in The Hague and a consulate-general in Amsterdam.
 North Macedonia 29 June 2005
  • Peru is accredited to North Macedonia from its embassy in Bucharest.
 Norway 3 August 1923
  • Peru has an embassy in Oslo.
  • Norway has a consulate-general in Lima.
 Poland 6 September 1923 to 29 December 1945, Re-established diplomatic relations 14 April 1969 See Peru–Poland relations
 Portugal 26 March 1853
  • Peru has an embassy in Lisbon.
  • Portugal has an embassy in Lima.
 Romania 10 October 1939, broken 5 March 1942, Re-established diplomatic relations 9 November 1968
  • Romania has an embassy in Lima and an honorary consulate in Arequipa.
  • The Republic of Peru has an embassy and an honorary consulate, both in Bucharest.

Diplomatic relations' level:

  • Legation: October 10, 1939 – March 5, 1942
  • Embassy: since November 9, 1968

Diplomatic relations' timeline:

  • October 10, 1939 – March 5, 1942
  • since November 9, 1968
 Russia 16 May 1874 to 1918
1 February 1969
See Peru–Russia relations
 San Marino 24 February 2005
  • San Marino is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Rome.
  • Peru is accredited to San Marino from its missions in Italy.
 Serbia 10 December 1968 See Peru–Yugoslavia relations
 Slovakia 1 January 1993
  • Slovakia is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Buenos Aires.
  • Peru is accredited to Slovakia from its embassy in Vienna.
 Slovenia 9 September 1992
  • Slovenia is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Buenos Aires.
  • Peru is accredited to Slovenia from its embassy in Vienna.
 Sovereign Military Order of Malta 15 April 1953
  • The Sovereign Military Order of Malta has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru is accredited to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from its embassy in the Holy See.
 Spain 14 August 1879 See Peru–Spain relations
 Sweden 11 February 1938 See Peru–Sweden relations
  Switzerland 16 September 1884
  • Peru has an embassy in Bern.
  • Switzerland has an embassy in Lima
 Ukraine 7 May 1992
  • Peru is accredited to Ukraine from its embassy in Moscow, Russia.
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Lima.
 United Kingdom 1827
  Vatican City 1 November 1852 See Holy See–Peru relations

Oceania

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia 1 March 1963

Both countries have an expanding relationship in all areas. In February 2018 trade ministers from both Peru and Australia signed a free trade agreement.[44]

  • Australia has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Canberra and a consulate-general in Sydney.
 Cook Islands 5 October 2017[45][46]
  • Peru is accredited to the Cook Islands from its embassy in Canberra.
  • The Cook Islands are accredited to Peru from the Australian embassy in Lima.
 Fiji 1983[47]
  • Fiji is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Brasília.
  • Peru is accredited to Fiji from its embassy in Canberra.
 Kiribati 29 October 1983[47]
  • Peru and Kiribati enjoy bilateral relations.[48][47]
 Marshall Islands 14 November 1991
  • Peru and the Marshall Islands established formal relations on 14 November 1991.
 Micronesia 7 May 1992
  • Peru and Micronesia established formal relations on 7 May 1992.
 Nauru 1984
  • Peru and Nauru enjoy bilateral relations.[49][47]
 New Zealand 1 August 1972 See New Zealand–Peru relations
  • New Zealand is accredited to Peru from its embassy in Santiago, Chile and maintains an honorary consulate in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in Wellington.
 Niue 3 July 2020
  • Peru and Niue established relations on 3 July 2020.
 Palau 14 February 2019
  • Peru and Palau established formal relations on 14 February 2019.
 Papua New Guinea 14 September 1983
  • Peru is accredited to Papua New Guinea from its consulate-general in Sydney.
 Samoa 23 January 1984
  • Peru and Samoa established relations on 23 January 1984.
 Solomon Islands 14 March 2012
  • Peru and the Solomon Islands established relations on 14 March 2012[50]
 Tuvalu 29 March 2012
  • Peru and Tuvalu established diplomatic relations on 29 March 2012.[51]
 Tonga 20 January 1984
  • Peru and Tonga enjoy diplomatic relations.
 Vanuatu 30 May 1986[52]
  • Peru and Niue established relations on 30 May 1986.[52]

Transnational issues

Illicit drugs

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Until recently the world's largest coca leaf producer, Peru has reduced the area of coca under cultivation by 24% to 387 km2 at the end of 1999; most of cocaine base is shipped to neighboring Colombia, Bolivia, and Brazil for processing into cocaine for the international drug market, but exports of finished cocaine are increasing by maritime conveyance to Mexico, US, and Europe.

See also

References

  1. ^ Schenoni, Luis (2017) "Subsystemic Unipolarities?" in Strategic Analysis, 41(1): 74-86 [1]
  2. ^ "Establecimiento de relaciones diplomáticas entre el Perú y la República Árabe Saharaui Democrática" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores del Perú. Archived from the original on September 8, 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-24.
  3. ^ Ricardo Sánchez Serra (2011-11-28). "Los saharauis y el Perú" (in Spanish).
  4. ^ Ricardo Sánchez Serra (2008-12-11). "El estoicismo del pueblo saharaui" (in Spanish). La Razón.
  5. ^ "Restablecimiento de relaciones diplomáticas con la RASD". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru. 2021-09-08. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  6. ^ "Embajada de la República Argentina en República del Perú - Embassy of Argentina in Lima (in Spanish)". eperu.cancilleria.gov.ar. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  7. ^ "Embassy of Peru in Buenos Aires (in Spanish)". Archived from the original on 2014-11-05. Retrieved 2014-11-13.
  8. ^ "Diplomatic Relations – Belize" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  9. ^ "Canadian embassy in Lima". Archived from the original on 2008-12-10. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  10. ^ "Inicio Embajada del Perú en Canadá - Peruvian embassy in Ottawa". embassyofperu.ca. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  11. ^ Alexander Panetta, "Canada limits main foreign aid recipients to 20 countries", Canada East website (accessed 3 March2009)
  12. ^ Daily Report: Latin America - volume 86,issue 51–61. Foreign Broadcast Information Service. 1986. p. 3.
  13. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs [@CancilleriaPeru] (April 7, 2022). "El Perú celebra hoy 148 años de relaciones diplomáticas con la República Dominicana, fundamentadas en las amplias coincidencias en temas de especial importancia y en un diálogo bilateral fluido. 🇵🇪🤝🏻🇩🇴" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  14. ^ "Perú exportará energía eléctrica a Ecuador hasta abril de 2010". Archived from the original on 2009-12-20. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
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