Sir Frederick W. A. G. Haultain
1916 painting by V.A. Long
1st Premier of the Northwest Territories
In office
October 7, 1897 – September 1, 1905
Edward VII
Lieutenant GovernorCharles H. Mackintosh
Malcolm Colin Cameron
Amédée E. Forget
Preceded byoffice created
Succeeded byGeorge Braden
Chairman of the Executive Committee
In office
November 7, 1891 – August 1, 1892
Lieutenant GovernorJoseph Royal
Charles H. Mackintosh
Preceded byRobert Brett
Succeeded byHugh Cayley
In office
December 1, 1892 – October 7, 1897
Lieutenant GovernorCharles H. Mackintosh
Preceded byHugh Cayley
Succeeded byhimself as Premier of the Northwest Territories
MLA for Macleod
In office
September 5, 1887 – September 1, 1905
Preceded byRichard Henry Boyle
Succeeded byDistrict abolished
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan for Lumsden
In office
December 13, 1905 – July 11, 1912
Preceded bynone
Succeeded byJoseph Glenn
Chief Justice of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal
In office
Preceded byE. L. Wetmore
Succeeded byWilliam F. A. Turgeon
1st Leader of the Opposition of Saskatchewan
In office
March 29, 1906 – June 15, 1912
Preceded bynone
Succeeded byWellington Willoughby
Personal details
BornNovember 25, 1857
Woolwich, England
DiedJanuary 30, 1942(1942-01-30) (aged 84)
Montreal, Quebec[1]
Resting placeMemorial Gates (University of Saskatchewan)
52°7′45.7″N 106°38′34.5″W / 52.129361°N 106.642917°W / 52.129361; -106.642917Coordinates: 52°7′45.7″N 106°38′34.5″W / 52.129361°N 106.642917°W / 52.129361; -106.642917
Political partyLiberal-Conservative
Spouse(s)Marion St Clair Castellain née Mackintosh
EducationUniversity of Toronto
Osgoode Hall

Sir Frederick William Alpin Gordon Haultain (November 25, 1857 – January 30, 1942) was a lawyer and a long-serving Canadian politician and judge. His career in provincial and territorial legislatures stretched into four decades. He served as the first premier of the Northwest Territories from 1897 to 1905 as is recognized as having a significant contribution towards the creation of the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. From 1905 on he served as Leader of the Official Opposition in Saskatchewan as well as Leader of the Provincial Rights Party. His legislative career ended when he was appointed to the judiciary in 1912.

Early life

He was born in Woolwich, England in 1857, the son of Frederick W. Haultain (1821–1882) and Lucinde Helen Gordon (1828–1915),[2] and came to Peterborough, Canada West, with his family in 1860. He grew up in Peterborough and Montreal, where he was educated at the High School of Montreal, later receiving a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Toronto. He went on to study law at Osgoode Hall and was called to the bar in Ontario in 1882 and in the North-West Territories in 1884.[3]

Northwest Territories politics

Haultain was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories in a by-election held on September 5, 1887. He defeated Charles Conybeare by a large margin. Haultain would win his next five elections by acclamation.

Haultain was appointed the first Premier of the territories on October 7, 1897.


As premier, Haultain led negotiations for the granting of provincial status. Haultain argued for these territories to be admitted as a single province named Buffalo,[4] and wanted the new province to be governed by non-partisan governments. The federal Liberal government of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, however, decided to create two provinces, Alberta and Saskatchewan, in 1905.

Haultain in 1941
Haultain in 1941

Frustrated in negotiations with the federal Liberal government, Haultain became increasingly identified with the Conservative Party and campaigned for it in the 1904 federal election. Laurier's Liberals were re-elected.

Saskatchewan politics

Haultain led the Provincial Rights Party in the 1905 Saskatchewan provincial election, which was won by the Liberal Party of Saskatchewan. From 1905 to 1912, Haultain sat in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan as leader of the Opposition.

Later life

In 1912, the newly-elected Conservative federal government of Sir Robert Borden made Haultain Chief Justice of Saskatchewan's superior court. Haultain was knighted in 1916. The next year, he became Chief Justice of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal, a position that he held until his retirement in 1938.


  1. ^ Perry, Craig 2006, pg. 184
  2. ^ Perry, Craig 2006, pg. 161
  3. ^ 'HAULTAIN, Frederick William Gordon', in The Canadian Who's Who (1909)
  4. ^ Spencer 2007, p. 4.


Further reading

Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan Preceded byNew District MLA South Qu'Appelle 1905–1912 Succeeded byJoseph Glenn Legal offices Preceded byEdward Ludlow Wetmore Chief Justice of Saskatchewan 1912–1938 Succeeded byWilliam Ferdinand Alphonse Turgeon Academic offices Preceded byEdward L. Wetmore Chancellor of the University of Saskatchewan 1917–1940 Succeeded byP. E. MacKenzie