Fuji
JNR-EF66-53-for-Fuji.jpg
Fuji service hauled by EF66 locomotive, June 2004
Overview
Service typeLimited express
LocaleTokaido Main Line, Sanyo Main Line, Nippo Main Line
First service1929
Last serviceMarch 2009
Current operator(s)JR Kyushu
Route
TerminiTokyo
Ōita
Technical
Rolling stock14 series sleeper coaches
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Operating speed110 km/h (70 mph)[1]

The Fuji (富士) was a sleeper train that formerly operated between Tokyo and Ōita in Japan. Operated by the Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) and classified as a limited express service, it was discontinued from the start of the revised timetable on 14 March 2009.[2]

Route

The train was coupled with the Hayabusa sleeper between Tokyo and Moji Station. The Hayabusa separated at Moji and continued to Hakata and Kumamoto.

The 1,240 km Tokyo-Ōita run took just over seventeen hours, leaving Tokyo at 18:03 and arriving in Ōita at 11:17. The return service left Ōita at 16:48 and arrived in Tokyo at 09:58.[3]

History

Pre-World War II

The Fuji began as a long-distance daytime service in 1912, although the train did not receive a name until September 1929.[2] It was one of two long-distance services on the Tōkaidō-Sanyō corridor. The other train on the route, named Sakura, was aimed at middle-class travelers, while Fuji had higher-class rooms, dining cars serving Western food and a "Momoyama" observation car. Fuji and Sakura were the first named trains in Japan.

Fuji services originally operated between Tokyo and Shimonoseki Station. Connecting ferries were available from Shimonoseki to Pusan, Korea, from which passengers could connect to train services bound for China, Russia, and even Europe. In November 1942, service was extended to Nagasaki,[2] from where ferries were available to Shanghai.

Fuji services were suspended in April 1944 due to Japan's deteriorating situation in World War II.[2]

Post-World War II

A 151 series EMU on a Fuji service
A 151 series EMU on a Fuji service

The Fuji name was briefly used on a Shinjuku - Kawaguchiko service (Chūō Main Line) in 1950, but did not return to the Tokaido corridor until 1 October 1961, when the Fuji service resumed as a daytime limited express between Tokyo and Kobe using 151 series EMUs.[2]

After the Tokaido Shinkansen opened on 1 October 1964, the Fuji became a Tokyo-Ōita sleeper service using 20 series sleeping cars. Between 1965 and 1980, the service was extended to Nishi-Kagoshima Station, becoming the longest train service in Japanese history: the 1,574.2 km (978.2 mi) Tokyo-Kagoshima run took over 24 hours (departing Tokyo at 18:00 and arriving Nishi-Kagoshima at 18:03). From 1980 to 1997, the Fuji operated between Tokyo and Miyazaki (Miyazaki Station or Minami-Miyazaki Station).

Dining car service was discontinued from March 1993.[2]

The final Hayabusa and Fuji sleeping car service after arriving at Tokyo Station, 14 March 2009
The final Hayabusa and Fuji sleeping car service after arriving at Tokyo Station, 14 March 2009

From 1 March 2005, the Fuji was combined with the Hayabusa service between Tokyo and Moji, following the discontinuation of the Sakura service which previously operated in conjunction with the Hayabusa. Finally, the Fuji was discontinued in its entirety from the start of the revised timetable on 14 March 2009, due to declining ridership.[2]

Rolling stock

The train was formed of 14 series sleeping cars based at JR Kyushu's Kumamoto Depot, typically consisting of six cars in the Hayabusa portion and six cars in the Fuji portion. The train was hauled by a JR West Class EF66 electric locomotive between Tokyo and Shimonoseki, a JR Kyushu Class EF81-400 electric locomotive between Shimonoseki and Moji (through the undersea Kanmon Tunnel), and by a JR Kyushu Class ED76 electric locomotive from Moji to Ōita.[1]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル" (JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File), published 2008 by Kōtsū Shimbun
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "寝台特急"富士"・"はやぶさ"ものがたり (The Story of the "Fuji" and "Hayabusa" Sleeping Car Limited Expresses)", Railfan Magazine, 49 (575): 22–35, March 2009
  3. ^ "JR Timetable" August 2008 issue