Ghostbusters
Gb box cover.jpg
Developer(s)Activision
James Software (CPC, ZX)
Bits Laboratory (NES)
Compile (Master System)
Publisher(s)Activision
Tokuma Shoten (Famicom)
Sega (Master System)
Designer(s)David Crane
Programmer(s)Adam Bellin (C64)
Robert McNally (Apple)
Glyn Anderson (Atari 8-bit)
Robert Rutkowski (MSX, PCjr/Tandy)
Dan Kitchen (2600)
Composer(s)Russell Lieblich (C64, Apple)
Tadashi Sou (NES)
Tohru Nakabayashi (Master System)
SeriesGhostbusters
Platform(s)Commodore 64, Apple II, Atari 8-bit, MSX, PCjr/Tandy 1000, Atari 2600, Amstrad CPC, ZX Spectrum, NES/Famicom, Master System
Release
October 26, 1984
  • Commodore 64
    • NA: October 26, 1984[1]
    • EU: Late 1984
    MSX
    Late 1984
    Apple II
    Atari 8-bit
    PCjr/Tandy 1000
    Atari 2600
    Amstrad CPC
    ZX Spectrum
    NES/Famicom
    • JP: September 22, 1986
    • NA: October 1988
    Master System
    • NA: May 1987
    • PAL: October 1989
Genre(s)Action
Mode(s)Single-player

Ghostbusters is a licensed game by Activision based on the film of the same name. It was designed by David Crane and released for several home computer platforms in 1984, and later for video game console systems, including the Atari 2600, Master System and Nintendo Entertainment System. The primary target was the Commodore 64 and the programmer for the initial version of the game was Adam Bellin. All versions of the game were released in the USA except for the Amstrad CPC and ZX Spectrum versions, which were released only in Europe, and the MSX version, which was released only in Europe, South America, and Japan.

In 1984, after the film Ghostbusters had been launched, John Dolgen VP of Business Development at Columbia Pictures approached Gregory Fischbach (President of Activision International and subsequently CEO and Co-founder of Acclaim Entertainment) and offered to license the game rights to Activision without specific rules or requests for the design or content of the game, only stipulating that it was to be finished as quickly as possible in order to be released while the movie was at peak popularity. Activision was forced to complete the programming work in only six weeks in contrast to their usual several months of development time for a game. Activision had at the time a rough concept for a driving/maze game to be called "Car Wars", and it was decided to build the Ghostbusters game from it. Both the movie and the game proved to be huge successes.[4]

Gameplay

C64 version
C64 version

The player sets up a Ghostbusters franchise in a city whose psychokinetic (PK) energy levels have begun to rise. At the start of the game, the player is given a set amount of money and must use it to buy a vehicle and equipment for detecting/catching ghosts. They must then move through a grid representing the city, with flashing red blocks indicating sites of ghost activity.

When the player moves to a flashing block, the game shifts to an overhead street view and they must drive to the site, attempting to vacuum up stray ghosts if the vehicle is equipped to do so. Upon reaching the site, the player must maneuver two Ghostbusters to guide a Slimer ghost into position to be drawn into a trap. Successfully doing so awards money, but each failure causes the PK energy level to jump and incapacitates one of the player's three team member characters.

The player must return to the Ghostbusters headquarters at intervals to empty the traps and/or revive any incapacitated team members. As the game progresses, the player must also keep free-roaming ghosts from reaching the temple of Zuul for as long as possible; each one that does so adds to the PK energy level. The ghosts occasionally merge to form the Stay Puft Marshmallow Man, who will attempt to trample a city block. Stopping such an attack earns a bonus, but each failure to do so deducts money.

If the player has not earned more money than the total spent on equipment when the PK energy level reaches its maximum of 9999, the game ends immediately. Otherwise, the player must guide at least two Ghostbusters past Mr. Stay Puft in order to destroy the temple of Zuul. The game ends afterward, with the player earning a reward if successful.

In some versions, including those for the Apple IIe and Commodore 64, the player is given an account number upon completing the game. Entering this number at the initial screen allows the player to start a New Game Plus with the cash balance from the end of the previous game, enabling the purchase of more expensive equipment.

Speech samples

Most versions of the game feature a sampled rendition of the "Ghostbusters!" cry at the start of the movie's theme song; on the C64 and Atari 8bit versions, this was produced within the game using a patented form of compression similar to ADPCM by ESS (Electronic Speech Systems), all without requiring external hardware to produce the speech. The PCjr/Tandy port does not have this feature.

Ports

Ghostbusters was ported to the IBM PCjr and Tandy 1000 in 1985. Due to timing-sensitive raster effects the game uses, it is incompatible with Tandy machines other than the 1000/1000A, 1000HX, and 1000EX, all of which use a 4.77Mhz 8088 CPU.[5]

The game was ported to the Atari 2600 by programmer Dan Kitchen (brother of Garry Kitchen), shortly before he ported Kung-Fu Master to the Atari 2600.[6]

Reception

Sales

Ghostbusters topped the monthly UK software sales charts for three months in early 1985, from January to March.[16][17][18] Released before the film in the UK,[19] it went on to be the UK's fourth best-selling home video game of 1985.[20]

In 1985 it and The Print Shop were reportedly the two most widely pirated Commodore 64 programs.[21] II Computing listed Ghostbusters eighth on the magazine's list of top Apple II games as of late 1985, based on sales and market-share data,[22] and it was Activision's best-selling Commodore game as of late 1987.[23] The Atari 2600 version sold about 40,000 units.[6]

The Amstrad CPC and ZX Spectrum versions of the game were included on the 1986 compilation They Sold a Million 3,[24][25] along with Fighter Pilot, Rambo and Kung-Fu Master. The game was also released on The Story So Far Volume IV in December 1989. It knocked Daley Thompson's Decathlon from the top of the UK sales chart.[26]

In 1988, Mastertronic re-released the Amstrad, Commodore, Spectrum and Atari computer versions of Ghostbusters on their Ricochet label and it went on to become their most successful budget re-release, selling over 450,000 copies.[27]

Reviews

Antic in May 1985 called Ghostbusters "the first adaptation to capture both the feel and the theme of the movie on which it is based ... most enjoyable to play".[28] Edge in 2007 called Ghostbusters "dauntingly good", noting that despite the action sequences expected of a licensed title, the game was a "polished, intelligently-paced", strategic business simulation.[29] Ernie Hudson said, "My kids really hated [the Commodore 64 game]. They thought it sucked."[30]

References

  1. ^ "Ghostbusters (Registration Number PA0000290824)". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "1985 Index" (PDF). Computer Entertainer. Vol. 4, no. 10. January 1986. p. 6.
  3. ^ "Ghostbusters (Registration Number PA0000278161)". United States Copyright Office. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Richard Camfield - Retro Gamer". Retrogamer.net. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  5. ^ "VOGONS • View topic - Ghostbusters". www.vogons.org. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  6. ^ a b Mason, Graeme (March 2015). "Dan Kitchen: We chat to developer Dan Kitchen, the man responsible for squeezing Kung-Fu Master into the ancient Atari 2600". Retro Gamer. No. 140. pp. 70-75 (75).
  7. ^ a b "Complete Games Guide" (PDF). Computer and Video Games (Complete Guide to Consoles): 46–77. 16 October 1989.
  8. ^ "Software Reviews: Ghostbusters". Computer & Video Games. No. 42 (April 1985). 16 March 1985. pp. 29-35 (31). Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  9. ^ "World of Spectrum - Archive - Magazine viewer". Worldofspectrum.org. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  10. ^ "World of Spectrum - Archive - Magazine viewer". Worldofspectrum.org. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Ghostbusters". Ysrnry.co.uk. Archived from the original on 1 January 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  12. ^ "Critically Speaking..Apple-Compatible" (PDF). Computer Entertainer. Vol. 3, no. 10. January 1985. pp. 149–51.
  13. ^ "World of Spectrum - Archive - Magazine viewer". Worldofspectrum.org. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  14. ^ "World of Spectrum - Archive - Magazine viewer". Worldofspectrum.org. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  15. ^ "World of Spectrum - Archive - Magazine viewer". Worldofspectrum.org. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  16. ^ "Software Top 30". Commodore User. No. 17. February 1985. p. 15.
  17. ^ "The Software Top 20: General Chart". Commodore User. No. 19. April 1985. p. 48.
  18. ^ "Gallup Chart". Computer Gamer. No. 1. United Kingdom: Argus Press. April 1985. p. 14.
  19. ^ "I'm Afraid of No Ghosts..." Crash. Christmas Special 1984/85. No. 12. 13 December 1984.
  20. ^ "News Desk: Exploding Fist tops Gallup 1985 charts". Popular Computing Weekly. 20 March 1986. p. 4.
  21. ^ Peterson, Cheryl (August 1985). "Editorial". Ahoy!. p. 5. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  22. ^ Ciraolo, Michael (Oct–Nov 1985). "Top Software / A List of Favorites". II Computing. p. 51. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  23. ^ Ferrell, Keith (December 1987). "The Commodore Games That Live On And On". Compute's Gazette. pp. 18–22. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  24. ^ "They Sold a Million 3 - World of Spectrum". Worldofspectrum.org. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  25. ^ "They Sold a Million 3 for Amstrad CPC (1986) - MobyGames". MobyGames. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  26. ^ "World of Spectrum - Archive - Magazine viewer". Worldofspectrum.org. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  27. ^ Anthony Guter. "Mastertronic Style". www.guter.org. Retrieved 2021-01-31.
  28. ^ Bernstein, Harvey (May 1985). "Ghostbusters". Antic. p. 81. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  29. ^ Edge (2007-05-04). "The Making of Ghostbusters". Next Generation. Archived from the original on 28 October 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2007.
  30. ^ Ellie Gibson (10 July 2008). "Eurogamer: Ghostbusters' Ernie Hudson Interview". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved 30 October 2014.